Enoshima Electric Railway


The Enoshima Electric Railway or Enoden (江ノ島電鉄, Enoshima dentetsu) is a private railway in Japan which connects Kamakura Station in Kamakura with Fujisawa Station in Fujisawa, Kanagawa. Stations en route include Hase, the stop closest to Kōtoku-in, the temple with the colossal outdoor statue of Amida Buddha. The railway is fully owned by the Odakyu Group of companies.


Enoshima Electric Railway Co., Ltd.
Native name
江ノ島電鉄株式会社
TypePublic
IndustryTransportation (Tram, Transit bus) / Real estate
FoundedDecember 25, 1900
HeadquartersFujisawa, Kanagawa, Japan
Number of employees
226 (2018)[1]
Websitewww.enoden.co.jp

Route and operations


The route is 10 kilometers (6.2 mi) long and has a rail gauge of 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in). It is single-track; however, five of the route's fifteen stations are equipped with passing loops, allowing for the operation of bi-directional traffic. Included in the route is a short (450-metre (1,480 ft)) section of street running between Koshigoe and Enoshima stations. However, the entire line is governed under the Railway Business Act (鉄道事業法, Tetsudō Jigyō Hō) of the Japanese government, being granted an exception to allow for street running (the only other examples of street-running 'railways' being the Keihan Keishin Line, Keihan Ishiyama-Sakamoto Line and the Kumamoto Electric Railway). Trains are electrically powered from 600 V DC overhead lines. The section from Kamakura Station to Koshigoe is in the city of Kamakura; that from Enoshima to Fujisawa Station is in the city of Fujisawa.

Stations

Enoshima Station
No Station Japanese Distance (km) Transfers Location
Between
stations
Total
Fujisawa 藤沢 0.0

Shōnan–Shinjuku Line
Tokaido Main Line
Odakyu Enoshima Line

Fujisawa Kanagawa Prefecture
Ishigami 石上 0.6 0.6
Yanagikōji 柳小路 0.6 1.2
Kugenuma 鵠沼 0.7 1.9
Shōnankaigankōen 湘南海岸公園 0.8 2.7
Enoshima 江ノ島 0.6 3.3

Odakyu Enoshima Line (Katase-Enoshima Station)
Shonan Monorail (Shonan-Enoshima Station)

Koshigoe 腰越 0.6 3.9 Kamakura
Kamakura-Kōkō-Mae 鎌倉高校前 0.8 4.7
Shichirigahama 七里ヶ浜 0.9 5.6
Inamuragasaki 稲村ヶ崎 1.2 6.8
Gokurakuji 極楽寺 0.8 7.6
Hase 長谷 0.7 8.3
Yuigahama 由比ヶ浜 0.6 8.9
Wadazuka 和田塚 0.3 9.2
Kamakura 鎌倉 0.8 10.0

Shōnan–Shinjuku Line
Yokosuka Line

Rolling stock

As of 1 April 2015, Enoden operates a fleet of 15 two-car electric multiple unit (EMU) train types as shown below.[2][3]

TypeCar numbersManufacturerDate builtNotes
300 series305355Toyoko SharyoMay 1960Rebuilt from former Keio DeHa 2000.
1000 series10011051Tokyu CarNovember 1979
10021052Tokyu CarNovember 1979
1100 series11011151Tokyu CarDecember 1981
1200 series12011251Tokyu CarDecember 1983
1500 series15011551Tokyu CarNovember 1979
15021552Tokyu CarNovember 1979
2000 series20012051Tokyu CarMarch 1990
20022052Tokyu CarMarch 1991
20032053Tokyu CarJuly 1991
10 series1050Tokyu CarMarch 1997
20 series2161Tokyu CarMarch 2002Used running gear from former 500 series.
2262Tokyu CarMarch 2003Used running gear from former 500 series.
500 series501551Tokyu CarMarch 2006
502552Tokyu CarMarch 2008

Former rolling stock

  • 500 series

Buses


Enoden operates buses from stations like Kamakura

Enoden also operates bus service in the area.

History


The original Enoshima Electric Railway opened the line on 1 September 1902.[4]

The company subsequently went through a series of ownership changes: Yokohama Electric Railway Co. in 1911, Tokyo Electric Power Co. in 1921, (second) Enoshima Electric Railway Co. in 1926, Tokyu Corporation in 1938, Enoshima Kamakura Tourist Co. in 1949, and Odakyu Electric Railway Co. in 1953. The (third) Enoshima Electric Railway Co. was formed on 1 September 1981 as a subsidiary of Odakyu.[4]

Popular culture


Gokurakuji Station is one of the settings for the 2015 film Our Little Sister.[5]

Japanese alternative rock band Asian Kung-Fu Generation's fifth studio album, Surf Bungaku Kamakura, had each track named after a stop on the railway line starting with Fujisawa and ending with Kamakura.

Anime

  • This railway line was shown in the 5th episode of anime A Channel, where main characters were going to the sea, and were arguing about "it is train or tram".
  • Shown in the intro, and in various episodes of Rascal Does Not Dream of Bunny Girl Senpai, with the series set in the Fujisawa and Enoshima foreshore area

Computer games

References


This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia.

  1. "江ノ島電鉄株式会社:会社案内". Archived from the original on March 21, 2013. Retrieved August 24, 2018.
  2. 私鉄車両編成表 2015 [Private Railway Rolling Stock Formations - 2015] (in Japanese). Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. 23 July 2015. p. 83. ISBN 978-4-330-58415-7.
  3. 路面電車年鑑2015 [Tramcar Annual 2015] (in Japanese). Japan: Ikaros Publishing. 20 January 2015. p. 48. ISBN 978-4863209527.
  4. Terada, Hirokazu (19 January 2013). データブック日本の私鉄 [Databook: Japan's Private Railways] (in Japanese). Japan: Neko Publishing. p. 79. ISBN 978-4-7770-1336-4.
  5. "Go To the Shooting Locations of Our Little Sister and Experience Where the Sisters Lived Their Daily Lives! - GOOUME JP". GOOUME_JP. Retrieved 2018-08-24.

Further reading


  • Fukaya, Kenji (2015). 江ノ電 10kmの奇跡 [Enoden - The 10 km Miracle] (in Japanese). Japan: Toyo Keizai Inc. ISBN 9784492502761.