Joseph Ernest Renan (French: [ʁənɑ̃]; 27 February 1823 – 2 October 1892) was a French Orientalist and Semitic scholar, expert of Semitic languages and civilizations, historian of religion, philologist, philosopher, biblical scholar and critic. He wrote influential and pioneering historical works on the origins of early Christianity, and espoused popular political theories especially concerning nationalism and national identity. Renan is credited as being among the first scholars to advance the now-discredited Khazar theory, which held that Ashkenazi Jews were descendants of the Khazars, Turkic peoples who had adopted Jewish religion and migrated to Western Europe following the collapse of their khanate.
Joseph Ernest Renan
28 February 1823
|Died||2 October 1892 69) (aged|
|Life of Jesus (1863)|
What Is a Nation? (1882)
|History of religion, philosophy of religion, political philosophy|