Erste Group Bank AG (Erste Group) is one of the largest financial services providers in Central and Eastern Europe serving 15.7 million clients in over 2,700 branches in seven countries.
|Founded||2008 (1819 as the first Austrian savings banks)|
|Central and Eastern Europe|
|Bernd Spalt (CEO since 2020)|
|Products||Retail and commercial banking, investment and private banking, asset management|
|Revenue||€6.772 billion (2015)|
|€1.801 million (as of 2019)|
|€1.187 million (as of 2019)|
|Total assets||€271.983 billion (Q3 2020)|
|Total equity||€19.6 billion (2019)|
Number of employees
Erste Group was founded in 1819 as Erste österreichische Spar-Casse in Leopoldstadt, a suburb of Vienna. After the demise of communism, the company started a strong expansion into Central and Eastern Europe and by 2008 it had acquired 10 banks. In 1997, it went public and today the company is listed on the exchanges of Vienna, Prague and Bucharest and included in the indices CEETX, ATX and PX.
On 9 August 2008 the former Erste Bank Oesterreich was split up into the newly founded holding company Erste Group Bank AG and the subsidiary Erste Bank der österreichischen Sparkassen AG; the foreign subsidiaries were taken over by the new holding company. Erste Group now includes all companies of the Group.
The IPO in Vienna in 1997 was carried out by what was then the unitary Erste Bank (see link), which was also the institution which carried out further capital increases up until 2006, as well as a share split. Some of these transactions were the largest of their kind ever carried out in Vienna as a financial center. The capital generated by these transactions was used to finance acquisitions. On 18 July 2013 Erste Group successfully completed a capital increase in the amount of EUR 660.6 million. Erste Group shares are listed on the Vienna, Prague and Bucharest stock exchanges. Erste Group Bank AG is the most heavily weighted component of the "ATX" share index, which tracks the blue-chip shares traded on the Vienna Stock Exchange. (25 June 2018)
In 2017, Erste Group received the "Best Bank in Central and Eastern Europe" award from Euromoney. That year, the publication also named Erste Group's subsidiary banks in Austria, the Czech Republic and Montenegro "Best Bank" in their respective markets, while it honored Group subsidiary Banca Comerciala Romana (BCR) in Romania as "Best Bank Transformation in Central and Eastern Europe".
In a ranking by Forbes Magazine of the world's largest stock corporations in 2013, Erste Group Bank came in 672nd place and was third among Austrian companies.
Expanding into Central and Eastern Europe since 1997
After restructuring and going public, Erste Bank – at the time the uniform organization – embarked on its expansion strategy into Central and Eastern Europe. The first takeover was the Hungarian Mezőbank in 1997. After carrying out another capital increase, the expansion continued. In 2000, majority stakes were acquired in the Czech Česká spořitelna and in the Slovak Slovenská sporiteľňa.
Also in 2000, three small Croatian banks were merged to create Erste & Steiermärkische Bank d.d., following their takeovers as of 1997 by Erste Bank and the Steiermärkische Bank und Sparkassen AG.
In 2003, Riječka banka was merged with Erste & Steiermärkische Bank. The stake owned by Erste in these subsidiaries has been 55.1% ever since.
The acquisition of 61.88% in Banca Comercială Română S.A. (BCR), the largest Romanian bank with 2.8, million customers and 12,000 employees, for EUR 3.751 billion in 2005 was the largest foreign direct investment ever by an Austrian enterprise. The number of the employees at the end of 2008 was 9,985.
In July 2005, Erste Bank signed the purchase agreement for the acquisition of 83.28% of the shares in Novosadska banka a.d., Novi Sad, from the Republic of Serbia. With the acquisition of the bank, Erste Bank entered the Serbian market which promises enormous growth potential.
In 2007, Erste acquired 100% of Bank Prestige in Ukraine, its first business venture in the country. In April 2013, Erste Group sold its Ukrainian subsidiary for around EUR 63 million to the owners of the Ukrainian Fidobank. The sale was in line with Erste Group's strategy to focus on the retail business in the eastern part of the European Union. Ukraine been growing more and more distant from the EU politically in the last few years, and therefore, no longer fit into the strategy of the banking group.
In 2008, the foreign business of Erste Bank was transferred to the newly founded Erste Group.
|Bank acquisitions in Central and Eastern Europe since 1997|
(in EUR mn)
|Hungary||70.00%||n. a. (Mezőbank)|
|operates the fifth largest subsidiary network in Hungary; in 1998 it was renamed Erste Bank Hungary, 2003 consolidated with Postabank|
|2000||Česká spořitelna||Czech Republic||99%||530||largest private bank in Czech Republic; 2000: 52.07% acquired|
|2000||Slovenská sporiteľňa||Slovakia||100.00%||425||2000: acquisition of 67.2%; 2005: call option exercised for additional 19.99%, afterwards, acquisition of 100%|
|Croatia||69.3%||n. a.||Merged Erste & Steiermärkischen Bank d.d., third largest bank in Croatia|
|2005||Novosadska banka||Serbia||80.5%||n. a.|
|2005||Banca Comercială Română||Romania||93.6%||3,751||largest bank in Romania at the time of acquisition|
|2007||Bank Prestige||Ukraine||0%||79.4||Sold to Fidobank in April 2013|
|2009||Opportunity Bank||Montenegro||100%||Renamed to Erste Bank AD Podgorica|
|2018||Erste Securities Polska||Poland||n.a.||n.a.|
Subsidiaries in Central and Eastern Europe
The holding company Erste Group Bank AG operates local banks in seven countries in Central and Eastern Europe:
- Austria: Erste Bank der oesterreichischen Sparkassen AG
- Czech Republic: Česká spořitelna a.s.
- Slovakia: Slovenská sporiteľňa, a.s.
- Hungary: Erste Bank Hungary Zrt.
- Croatia: Erste & Steiermärkische Bank d.d.
- Serbia: Erste Bank a.d. Novi Sad
- Romania: Banca Comercială Română
Other financial institutions with the share of Erste Group:
- Montenegro: Erste Bank AD Podgorica
- Slovenia: Slovenia Banka Sparkasse d.d.
- Poland: Erste Securities Polska
Effects of the financial crisis
In October 2011 it said it expected a full year loss of up to EUR 1.1 billion, after making writedowns and provisions of EUR 1.6 billion. This would be its first loss since at least 1988. It said the writedowns were due to government intervention in Hungary, where it is forced to take losses on Swiss franc mortgages, and a slower than expected recovery in Romania. It will also delay a plan to repay some of the state aid received in 2009. In August 2013, Erste Group Bank AG was the first Austrian bank to fully repay the participation capital of EUR 1.76 billion issued in 2009 which consisted of EUR 1.22 billion from the Republic of Austria and EUR 540 million from private investors. From 2009 to 2012, the Republic of Austria received annual dividend payments from Erste Group of EUR 98 million and private investors of EUR 43 million. Including the pro rata dividend for 2013 which paid in June 2014 after the corresponding resolution is passed by the annual shareholders' meeting, the Republic of Austria received EUR 448 million and private investors EUR 198 million in dividends.
During the 2014 stress test (finance) of the European Banking Authority (EBA), Erste Group Bank AG's equity ratio reached 11.2% under the normal scenario and 7.6% under the negative scenario, so that Erste Group passed the stress test as expected. As of year end 2015, Erste Group achieved a net profit of EUR 968.2 million, 4.2% lending growth and a CET 1 ratio of 12.3%.
Online Banking George
In January 2015, Erste introduced its digital banking platform "George" in Austria. George was launched in Slovakia, the Czech Republic, and Romania in 2018. According to Erste Group, there were approximately 4 million George users in these four markets by the end of 2018.
Headquarters Erste Campus
In the spring of 2016, 4.500 employees of Erste Group, of Erste Bank Oesterreich and their subsidiaries in Vienna moved to their new headquarters "Erste Campus". The cornerstone had been laid on 26 June 2012. The headquarter is located on the area of the former Südbahnhof and is the first building complex of "Quartier Belvedere" to be completed. Once it is finished, the new district will be a mix of company buildings, apartments, parks, cultural spaces, shops and restaurants.
Initial public offering, capital increases, acquisitions
The initial public offering was carried out in Vienna in 1997 by the - at time uniform - organization Erste Bank, which also carried out further capital increases until 2006 and one stock split. Some of these transactions were the largest of their kind ever on the financial market in Vienna. The capital raised was used to finance acquisitions. On 18 July 2013, Erste Group successfully completed a capital increase of EUR 660.6 million. The Erste Group share is listed on the exchanges of Vienna, Prague and Bucharest.
- 19.5% ERSTE Foundation direct & indirect
- 9.9% CaixaBank
- 5.0% Retail Investors Austria
- 4.6% Harbor Int. Fund
- 0.9% Employees
- 45.1% Institutional Investors
- 15.0% Unidentified (Institutional and Retail Investors international)
Free float: 70.6%
- "Erste Group Q3 2019 results" (PDF).
- "Interim Report - Third Quarter 2020" (PDF).
- "Presentation H1 2016" (PDF). Erste Group Bank. Retrieved 5 September 2016.
- Indexwerte, retrieved 25 May 2018
- CEE's best bank 2017: Erste Group, retrieved 25 May 2018
- "Elf Firmen unter den weltweit größten". oesterreich.orf.at. 18 April 2013. Retrieved 18 April 2013.
Österreich ist mit elf Unternehmen in der am Mittwoch veröffentlichten Rangliste des US-Magazins „Forbes“ der weltweit größten 2.000 Firmen vertreten. […] Erste Group Bank (Platz 672), […] Unter den 2.000 Firmen befinden sich ausschließlich Aktiengesellschaften, weshalb beispielsweise Red Bull nicht vorkommt. […] Zur Erstellung der Rangliste wurden folgende Kennzahlen verwendet: Umsatz, Gewinn, Vermögenswert und Marktkapitalisierung.
- "History Timeline". Archived from the original on 31 January 2016. Retrieved 20 July 2015.
- Geschichte der Erste Bank bzw. Erste Group (abgerufen am 01.04 2014)
- Rapp, Christian und Rapp-Wimberger, Nadia. Arbeite, Sammle, Vermehre.. Verlag Christian Brandstätter, 2005. p. 138.
- Rapp, Christian und Rapp-Wimberger, Nadia. Arbeite, Sammle, Vermehre.. Verlag Christian Brandstätter, 2005. p. 135.
- Erste Slumps as Hungary, Romania Trigger $1.1 Billion Loss, retrieved 11 October 2011
- UPDATE 1-Erste says sold 540 mln eur capital to investors, retrieved 11 October 2011[dead link]
- Der Staat ist bei der Ersten draußen Der Standard, 8. August 2013
- ""4 Länder, 4 Millionen!"". blog.mygeorge.at (in German). Retrieved 27 December 2018.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2 May 2016. Retrieved 17 May 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Shareholder Structure". Erste Group. 5 September 2016. Retrieved 23 July 2015.