Estonian Reform Party
The Estonian Reform Party (Estonian: Eesti Reformierakond, ER) is a liberal political party in Estonia. Ideologically positioned on the centre-right of the political spectrum, it has been led by Kaja Kallas since 2018. The party is colloquially known as the "Squirrel Party" (Estonian: Oravapartei).
|General Secretary||Erkki Keldo|
|Founded||18 November 1994|
|Merger of||Estonian Liberal Democratic Party|
|Headquarters||Tallinn, Tõnismägi 9 10119|
|Youth wing||Estonian Reform Party Youth|
|European affiliation||Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party|
|International affiliation||Liberal International|
|European Parliament group||Renew Europe|
34 / 101
|European Parliament (Estonian seats)|
2 / 7
It was founded in 1994 by Siim Kallas, then-president of the Bank of Estonia, as a split from Pro Patria National Coalition Party. As the Reform Party has participated in most of the government coalitions in Estonia since the mid-1990s, its influence has been significant, especially regarding Estonia's free market and policies of low taxation. The party has been a full member of Liberal International since 1996, having been an observer member between 1994–1996, and a full member of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE). Reform Party leaders Siim Kallas, Taavi Rõivas, Andrus Ansip and Kaja Kallas have all served as prime ministers of Estonia. Since January 2021, it is the senior partner in the coalition government with the Centre Party.