Estonian Reform Party

The Estonian Reform Party (Estonian: Eesti Reformierakond, ER) is a liberal[2][3] political party in Estonia. It has been described as centrist,[4] "broadly centrist"[5] and centre-right on the political spectrum.[6][7][8][9][10] The party has been led by Kaja Kallas since 2018. It is colloquially known as the "Squirrel Party" (Estonian: Oravapartei).[11][12]

Estonian Reform Party
Eesti Reformierakond
ChairpersonKaja Kallas
General SecretaryErkki Keldo
FounderSiim Kallas
Founded18 November 1994; 26 years ago (1994-11-18)
Merger ofEstonian Liberal Democratic Party
Reform Party
HeadquartersTallinn, Tõnismägi 9 10119
NewspaperParemad Uudised
Youth wingEstonian Reform Party Youth
Membership (2021) 11,262[1]
Political positionCentre to centre-right
European affiliationAlliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party
International affiliationLiberal International
European Parliament groupRenew Europe
Colours  Yellow
34 / 101
European Parliament (Estonian seats)
2 / 7
Party flag

It was founded in 1994 by Siim Kallas, then-president of the Bank of Estonia, as a split from Pro Patria National Coalition Party. As the Reform Party has participated in most of the government coalitions in Estonia since the mid-1990s, its influence has been significant, especially regarding Estonia's free market and policies of low taxation. The party has been a full member of Liberal International since 1996, having been an observer member between 1994–1996, and a full member of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE). Reform Party leaders Siim Kallas, Taavi Rõivas, Andrus Ansip and Kaja Kallas have all served as prime ministers of Estonia. Since January 2021, it is the senior partner in the coalition government with the Centre Party.