Estonian language

Estonian (eesti keel [ˈeːsti ˈkeːl] (listen)) is a Uralic language of the Finnic branch spoken in Estonia. It is the official language of Estonia, spoken natively by about 1.1 million people; 922,000 people in Estonia and 160,000 outside Estonia.[2] It is a Southern Finnic language and is the second-most-spoken language among all the Finnic languages.

eesti keel
Native toEstonia
Native speakers
1.1 million (2012)[1]
Latin (Estonian alphabet)
Estonian Braille
Official status
Official language in
 European Union
Regulated byInstitute of the Estonian Language / Eesti Keele Instituut, Emakeele Selts (semi-official)
Language codes
ISO 639-1et
ISO 639-2est
ISO 639-3est – inclusive code
Individual codes:
ekk  Standard Estonian
vro  Võro
Historical spread:
  North Estonian (incl. Northeastern coastal Estonian)
By today, the language islands outside Estonia have disappeared, and most speakers in the South Estonian area have switched to standard Estonian (based on North Estonian).
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