Ethnocide is the extermination of national cultures as a genocide component.[1][2][3]

Reviewing the legal and the academic history of the usage of the terms genocide and ethnocide, Bartolomé Clavero differentiates them by stating that "Genocide kills people while ethnocide kills social cultures through the killing of individual souls".[4] In addition, since "cultural genocide can only be the cultural dimension of genocide", the idea that "ethnocide or 'cultural genocide' is distinct from physically violent genocide is misleading".[1]

Because concepts such as cultural genocide and ethnocide have been used in different contexts, the anthropology of genocide examines their inclusion and exclusion in law and policies.[5]