Ethnopluralism or ethno-pluralism, also known as ethno-differentialism,[1][2] is a European New Right concept which relies on preserving and mutually respecting separate and bordered ethno-cultural regions.[3][4] Among the key components are the "right to difference" and a strong support for cultural diversity at a worldwide rather than at a national level. According to its promoters, significant foreign cultural elements in a given region ought to be culturally assimilated to seek cultural homogenization in this territory, in order to let different cultures thrive in their respective geographical areas.[5][6]

Proponents describe ethnopluralism as a "world in which many worlds can fit" and an alternative to multiculturalism and globalization, claiming that it strives to keep the world's different cultures alive by embracing their uniqueness and avoiding a one world doctrine in which every region is culturally identical.[6] Critics view the project as a form of "global apartheid",[6] and as a strategic attempt to legitimise racial supremacist views by using progressive, egalitarian antiracist discourses.[7] Scholars have also highlighted close ideological similarities with concepts promoted by French neo-fascist activists in the 1950–1960s.[8][9]

The concept is closely associated the European New Right, the Identitarian movement, and French political theorist and founding member of the Nouvelle Droite Alain de Benoist.[3]

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