Eurasian Economic Commission


The Eurasian Economic Commission (EEC) is the executive body of the Eurasian Economic Union responsible for implementing decisions, upholding the EEU treaties and managing the day-to-day business of the Eurasian Economic Union. The main task of the Eurasian Economic Commission is to ensure the functioning and development of the EEU, and to prepare proposals for its further integration.[1]

Eurasian Commission
StatusEEU institution
RoleExecutive cabinet
Established2012
College
Current collegeSarkisyan Commission
Chairman of the BoardTigran Sarkisyan
CommissionersKarine Minasyan
Aleksandr Subbotin
Viktor Nazarenko
Timur Zhaksylykov
Serik Zhumangarin
Emil Kaikiyev
Nurlan Akmatov
Veronika Nikishina
Tatyana Valovaya
Total members10
Council
Members of the Council of the CommissionMger Grigoryan
Igor Petrishenko
Askar Mamin
Zhenish Razakov
Anton Siluanov
Administration
Working languageRussian
Staff1,200
Departments25
LocationMoscow, Russia
Website
eec.eaeunion.org

The Board of the Commission operates as a cabinet government, with 10 members of the Commission ("commissioners"). There are two members per member state.[2] The Chairman of the Commission (currently Tigran Sargsyan) is nominated by the heads of state of the member states of the EEU. The usual working language of the Commission is Russian.[1]

The EEC was constituted by the Treaty on the Eurasian Economic Commission, signed on November 18, 2011 and which entered into force on 1 January 2012.[3] It began it operations on February 2, 2012. On 1 January 2015 it became the principle organ of the Eurasian Economic Union, upon entry into force of the Treaty on the Eurasian Economic Union.

History


Establishment

The legal basis for the Eurasian Economic Commission is the Treaty on the Eurasian Economic Commission, which entered into force on 1 January 2012 for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Russia. The commission started its work 1 month later as an executive body for the Single Economic Space. All the powers of the Customs Union's Commission, which had been established in 2010 are delegated to the commission.[3] With the entry into force of the Treaty on the Eurasian Economic Union, the Commission became the main executive organ of Union.

Enlargement

With the enlargement of the Eurasian Economic Union, more Board and Council Members were appointed. Both Armenia and Kyrgyzstan received one Board member from the moment of their accession to the Union, as well as 3 respectively 2 Council Members. The Council members were however not assigned a specific portfolio, until the next commission is appointed in February 2016.

Governance


The EEC is a two level body, consisting of:[3]

  • Council of the Eurasian Economic Commission (5 members, 1 each from all EEU member states)
  • Board of the Eurasian Economic Commission (10 members, 2 each from all EEU member states)

The Council of the Commission

OfficeName[3]
Deputy Prime Minister of ArmeniaMger Grigoryan
Deputy Prime Minister of BelarusIgor Petrishenko
First Deputy Prime Minister of KazakhstanAskar Mamin
Deputy Prime Minister of KyrgyzstanZhenish Razakov
First Deputy Prime Minister of RussiaAnton Siluanov

The Presidency of the Council rotates every year among the deputy prime-ministers of EEC member states. Rotation of the Presidency of the Council is carried out in turn in Russian alphabetical order by name of the Party. The Council's decisions are taken by consensus.

The Board of the Commission

The executive power of the EEC is held by the Board of the Commission, providing development and implementation of policies for further integration. The Board of the Commission is composed of 10 commissioners, 2 per member state. One of the commissioners is the Chairman of the Board of the Commission. The Chairman of the Board of the Commission and Members of the Board of the Commission are appointed for four years with a possible extension of powers by Heads of States. The decisions of the Board of the Commission are made by " qualified majority voting". Each member of the Board of the Commission has one vote.

Chairman of the Eurasian Economic CommissionTigran Sarkisyan Armenia
Commissioner for Domestic Markets, Informatisation, and Information-Communications TechnologyKarine Minasyan Armenia
Commissioner for Industry and the Agro-Industrial ComplexAleksandr Subbotin Belarus
Commissioner for Technical RegulationViktor Nazarenko Belarus
Commissioner for Economics and Financial PolicyTimur Zhaksylykov Kazakhstan
Commissioner for Competition and Antimonopoly RegulationSerik Zhumangarin Kazakhstan
Commissioner for Energy and InfrastructureEmil Kaikiyev Kyrgyzstan
Commissioner for Customs CooperationNurlan Akmatov Kyrgyzstan
Commissioner for TradeVeronika Nikishina Russia
Commissioner for Integration and MacroeconomicsTatyana Valovaya Russia

Advisory Bodies of the Commission

The Commission is divided into several departments, and each of which is further divided into sections.

The College of the Commission has overall charge of the departments. Each department is managed by one of the Members of the Board (of Ministers) in accordance with the division of responsibilities between them.

Departments:

  • Department of Integration Development
  • Department of Macroeconomic Policy
  • Department of Statistics
  • Department of Financial Policy
  • Department of Entrepreneurial Activity Development
  • Department of Labor Migration and Social Protection
  • Department of Industrial Policy
  • Department of Agro-Industrial Policy
  • Department of Customs, Tariff, and Non-Tariff Regulation
  • Department of Internal Market Protection
  • Department of Trade Policy
  • Department of Technical Regulation and Accreditation
  • Department of Sanitary, Phytosanitary, and Veterinary Measures
  • Department of Customs Legislation and Law Enforcement Practice
  • Department of Customs Infrastructure
  • Department of Transport and Infrastructure
  • Department of Energy
  • Department of Antimonopoly Regulation
  • Department of Competition Policy and Policy in the Field of Public Procurement
  • Department of Information Technology
  • Department of Internal Market Function
  • Department of Protocol and Organizational Support
  • Department of Finance
  • Legal Department
  • Department of Managerial Affairs

Employment

From January 1, 2012 the Commission include the administrative body of about 600 international civil servants. From July 1, 2012 the number of employees increased to 850 staff members and from January 1, 2013 – to 1,071. All persons employed by the Commission as officials are international civil servants.

Powers and functions


The Competences of the Eurasian Economic Commission

The Competences of the Eurasian Economic Commission were originally defined in the Article 3 of the Treaty on the Eurasian Economic Commission dated November 18, 2010. All the powers of the Customs Union's Commission have been delegated to the Eurasian Economic Commission. The present competences of the commission are defined in the Treaty on the Eurasian Economic Union.

The Competences of the Commission include

  • customs tariff and non-tariff regulation
  • customs administration
  • technical regulation
  • sanitary, veterinary and phytosanitary measures
  • enrolment and allocation of import customs duties
  • establishment of trade regimes with third countries
  • statistics of external and internal trade
  • macroeconomic policy
  • competition policy
  • industrial and agriculture subsidies
  • energy policy
  • natural monopolies
  • state and municipal procurement
  • internal trade in services and investment
  • transport and transportation
  • currency policy
  • intellectual property and copyright
  • migration policy
  • financial markets (banking, insurance, foreign exchange market, stock market)

The Commission ensures the implementation of international treaties, forming the legal base of the Customs Union (CU) and Single Economic Space (SES). The Commission is also the depositary of international treaties, forming the legal base of the CU and the CES as well as decisions of the Supreme Eurasian Economic Council. Within its competence, the Commission issues non-binding instruments, such as recommendations and also may take decisions that are binding on the Parties.

The budget of the Commission is to be made up of contributions from member states and it is approved by the Supreme Eurasian Economic Council.

See also


References


  1. "About the Eurasian Economic Commission". eurasiancommission.org.
  2. "Structure of the Eurasian Commission". eec.eaeunion.org. Eurasian Commission. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
  3. "Eurasian Economic Integration: Facts and Figures" (PDF). EEC. Retrieved 25 October 2015.