European Champion Clubs' Cup
The European Champion Clubs' Cup, also known as Coupe des Clubs Champions Européens, or simply the European Cup, is a trophy awarded annually by UEFA to the football club that wins the UEFA Champions League. The competition in its older format shared its name with the trophy, being also known as the European Cup, before being renamed for the 1992–93 season onwards.
|European Champion Clubs' Cup|
|Awarded for||Winning the UEFA Champions League|
|First award||1956 |
(1967 in its current design)
|Most wins||Real Madrid (13)|
|Most recent||Bayern Munich (6)|
|Website||The trophy on UEFA.com|
Several physical trophies have had the name, as a club was entitled to keep the cup after five wins or three consecutive wins, with a new cup having to be forged for the following season. During the first years of the competition, up until 1966–67 season, the trophy had a distinctive different design.
The original European Cup trophy was donated by L'Équipe, a French sports newspaper. This trophy was awarded permanently to Real Madrid in March 1967. At the time, they were the reigning champions, and had won six titles altogether, including the first five competitions from 1956 to 1960. Celtic therefore became the first club to win the cup in its current design in 1967.
The replacement trophy, with a somewhat different design from the original, was commissioned by UEFA from Jörg Stadelmann, a jeweller from Bern, Switzerland. At a cost of 10,000 Swiss francs, it was silver, 74 cm high, weighing 11 kg. Subsequent replacement trophies have replicated this design. The shape of the handles have earned it the nickname of "big ears" in multiple languages, including French ("la Coupe aux grandes oreilles"), Spanish ("La Orejona"), Russian ("Ушастый"), Vietnamese ("Cúp tai voi") and Chinese ("大耳朵杯"). Between 1967 and 1994, the trophy bears the title "Coupe des Clubs Champions Européens" in sentence case. A.C. Milan was the last team to win this type of trophy. Since then, the trophy bears the title fully in capital letters, albeit the size is increased in the subsequent and current trophy.
Since 2009, Champions League winners have not kept the real trophy, which remains in UEFA's custody at all times. A full-size replica trophy, the Champions League winners trophy, is awarded to the winning club with their name engraved on it. Winning clubs are also permitted to make replicas of their own; however, they must be clearly marked as such and can be a maximum of eighty percent the size of the actual trophy.
The previous rule introduced before the 1968–69 season, allowed a club to keep the trophy after five wins or three consecutive wins. At that point, Real Madrid was the only club meeting either qualification and indeed met both. Once a club had been awarded the trophy, the count was reset to zero. For example, a club with no prior titles which won six titles in a row would have been permanently awarded trophies after the third and sixth wins (each for three-in-a-row) but not after their fifth win. A club whose Champions League title win was not a fifth overall or third consecutive previously kept the real trophy for ten months after their victory and received a scaled-down replica to keep permanently.
Clubs awarded the trophy permanently
Five clubs have kept the real trophy under the old rules from the 1968–69 to 2008–09 seasons:
- Real Madrid, after their sixth title in 1966.
- Ajax, after their third consecutive title in 1973.
- Bayern Munich, after their third consecutive title in 1976.
- Milan, after their fifth title in 1994.
- Liverpool, after their fifth title in 2005.
The "multiple-winner badge" or "badge of honour", was introduced for the start of the 2000–01 competition for clubs that kept the trophy permanently. The badge itself adorns the left sleeve of the team's shirt during Champions League matches. The original badge was a blue oval on which was an outline of the current trophy in white, overlaid with part of the Champions League starball logo. Above the trophy was the total number of titles held by the club. From 2012, the badge became grey with a new design. Because the current trophy permanently remains UEFA property, it is no longer given to a team that wins a fifth overall or third consecutive title. However, the multiple-winner badge is still awarded to such clubs. Liverpool therefore became the last team to be permanently awarded the trophy.
Six teams have won five overall or three consecutive titles, and thus can wear the multiple-winner badge:
- Real Madrid (3 consecutive, 5 overall)
- Milan (5 overall)
- Bayern Munich (3 consecutive)
- Liverpool (5 overall)
- Barcelona (5 overall)
- Ajax (3 consecutive)
A separate "title-holder logo" is worn by the reigning Champions League champions in the following season's competition in place of the regular patch worn by the other competing teams. The logo is predominantly dark blue and was introduced in 2004–05, with Porto as the defending champions. The distinction between the title-holder logo and the badge of honour can be compared to the distinction between the Scudetto ("shield") worn by the reigning Serie A champions in Italy, and the stella ("star") worn by teams with over ten Serie A titles in total. However, whereas Juventus wear three stars as they have won over 30 titles, there is no provision for multiple UEFA badges of honour, as the count within the badge can be incremented indefinitely. From 2006–07 to 2010–11, the title holders also played with the match ball used in their triumphant final in their home matches, but from 2011–12, the title holders use the same match ball as the 31 other teams.
The original design for the title-holder badge featured two of the interconnecting stars of the competition's star ball logo at the top, with the caption "champions" and the season of triumph in the centre of the badge. It was slightly modified in 2008–09 to feature the entirety of the star ball logo, albeit with the other stars faded out, and it was drastically changed for the 2009–10 competition. Without the star ball background, it instead featured a design of the trophy which was used for the branding of the previous season's final. It was revamped again in 2010–11 to feature part of the star ball on show below the "champions" caption and the year of triumph. The current design was first worn by Chelsea in 2012–13; it features an outline design of the trophy along with the year of triumph.
- Real Madrid (6) – 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1966
- Benfica (2) – 1961, 1962
- Internazionale (2) – 1964, 1965
- Milan (1) – 1963
- Real Madrid (7) – 1998, 2000, 2002, 2014, 2016, 2017, 2018
- Milan (6) – 1969, 1989, 1990, 1994, 2003, 2007
- Bayern Munich (6) – 1974, 1975, 1976, 2001, 2013, 2020
- Liverpool (6) – 1977, 1978, 1981, 1984, 2005, 2019
- Barcelona (5) – 1992, 2006, 2009, 2011, 2015
- Ajax (4) – 1971, 1972, 1973, 1995
- Manchester United (3) – 1968, 1999, 2008
- Nottingham Forest (2) – 1979, 1980
- Juventus (2) – 1985, 1996
- Porto (2) – 1987, 2004
- Celtic (1) – 1967
- Feyenoord (1) – 1970
- Aston Villa (1) – 1982
- Hamburger SV (1) – 1983
- Steaua București (1) – 1986
- PSV Eindhoven (1) – 1988
- Red Star Belgrade (1) – 1991
- Marseille (1) – 1993
- Borussia Dortmund (1) – 1997
- Internazionale (1) – 2010
- Chelsea (1) – 2012
- Regulations of the UEFA Champions League from UEFA website; Page 4, §2.01 "Cup"
- "Regulations of the UEFA Champions League 2008/09, Chapter XI, Article 19 – "UEFA Kit Resolutions", paragraph 14, page 29" (PDF). uefa.com. Union of European Football Associations. August 2009. Retrieved 30 August 2009.
- Regulations of the UEFA Champions League Page 26, §16.10 "Title-holder logo"
- uefadirect, Issue 42: October 2005, Page 8 "A brand new trophy"
- "The UEFA Champions League trophy". Union of European Football Associations. 20 March 2009. Retrieved 8 May 2009.
- "Regulations of the UEFA Champions League 2008/09, Article 4 – "Trophy" page 5" (PDF). uefa.com. Union of European Football Associations. March 2008. Retrieved 24 May 2009.
- UEFA Champions League Final 2008/09 Official Programme. UEFA. Union of European Football Associations. May 2009.
- "How UEFA honours multiple European Cup winners". uefa.com. Retrieved 25 December 2019.
- Ajax rewarded with 'UEFA Badge of Honour' news article from 23 October 2000
- "AC Milan Asia Official Store website". Acmilanstoreasia.com. Retrieved 23 November 2012.
- "Regulations of the UEFA Champions League 2003–04" (PDF). Retrieved 30 October 2014.
- "Regulations of the UEFA Champions League 2004–05" (PDF). Retrieved 30 October 2014.
- Azmie aka switch image (8 February 2010). "Football teams shirt and kits fan: Barcelona Champions league patch". Switchimageproject.com. Retrieved 23 November 2012.
- "Chelsea FC Megastore website". Retrieved 23 November 2012.