European Commissioner for Energy


The European Commissioner for Energy is a member of the European Commission. The current Commissioner is Kadri Simson, in office since 1 December 2019.

European Commissioner
for Energy
Incumbent
Kadri Simson

since 1 December 2019
AppointerPresident of the European Commission
Term lengthFive years
Inaugural holderGünther Oettinger
Formation1958
WebsiteEuropean Commission

Responsibilities


The Commissioner holds responsibility for the European Union's energy policy as well as nuclear issues (Euratom). It was previously a backwater in the Commission but has now become sought-after as the European energy policy has been developed. The Commissioner for Energy has to deal with ongoing gas disputes between Russia and Ukraine which threaten European supplies, reduce dependence on Russian energy and reduce carbon emissions.[1]

The Directorate-General serving this Commissioner is the Directorate-General for Energy, which was combined with Transport prior to 2010.

Miguel Arias Cañete (2014-2019)


A member of the centre-right People's Party, Arias served as Minister for Agriculture, Food and Environment in the Spanish Government from 2011 until 2014, before being selected to head his Party List in the European Parliamentary elections.[2]

Arias Cañete was nominated as EU Commissioner for Energy and Climate Action in the Juncker Commission and took office on 1 November 2014.[3]

Günther Oettinger (2010-2014)


Günther Oettinger was appointed as the new Energy Commissioner in February 2010. However he was criticised for corruption and avoidance of EU law in his home state.[4] His language skills have also been criticised[5] and his nomination was met with confusion in Brussels.[6]

Andris Piebalgs (2004–2010)


During his hearing with the European Parliament, Piebalgs stressed the importance of the environment in energy policy and was cautious of nuclear power. He received strong backing from the Parliament. He outlined his priorities as;[7]

  1. Achieving a true internal market
  2. Energy efficiency: everyone can make a difference
  3. Increase the share of renewable energy
  4. Increased investments in technology
  5. Safety and security of nuclear power
  6. Make it easier for Member States to help each other in energy crisis
  7. Developing external energy policy relations

The European Union is an active supporter of the Kyoto Protocol, which it signed alongside its member-states. In March 2007 the Union committed itself to cut CO2 emissions by 20 percent by 2020.[8] There is also a desire to reduce dependency on Russian energy supplies following the disputes between Russia and Belarus and Ukraine.[9] In April 2007 five southern European countries signed a deal to build an oil pipeline (the Pan-European Oil Pipeline) from the Black Sea to Italy which will help diversify energy sources.[10]

List of commissioners


Name Country Period Commission
1 Wilhelm Haferkamp  West Germany 1967–1970 Rey Commission
2 1970–1972 Malfatti Commission
3 1972–1973 Mansholt Commission
4 Henri François Simonet  Belgium 1973–1977 Ortoli Commission
5 Guido Brunner  West Germany 1977–1981 Jenkins Commission
6 Étienne Davignon  Belgium 1981–1985 Thorn Commission
7 Nicolas Mosar  Luxembourg 1985–1989 Delors Commission I
8 António Cardoso e Cunha  Portugal 1989–1993 Delors Commission II
9 Marcelino Oreja  Spain 1993–1994 Delors Commission III
10 Abel Matutes  Spain 1994–1995 Delors Commission III
11 Christos Papoutsis  Greece 1995–1999 Santer Commission
12 Loyola de Palacio  Spain 1999–2004 Prodi Commission
13 Andris Piebalgs  Latvia 2004–2010 Barroso Commission I
14 Günther Oettinger  Germany 2010–2014 Barroso Commission II
15 Miguel Arias Cañete  Spain 2014–2019 Juncker Commission
16 Kadri Simson  Estonia 2019–onwards von der Leyen Commission

See also


References