European Conservatives and Reformists Party

The European Conservatives and Reformists Party (ECR Party), formerly known as Alliance of European Conservatives and Reformists (AECR) (2009–2016) and Alliance of Conservatives and Reformists in Europe (ACRE) (2016–2019), is a conservative Eurosceptic[6] European political party with a main focus on reforming the European Union (EU) on the basis of Eurorealism,[7] as opposed to total rejection of the EU (anti-EU-ism).[8][9] It currently has twenty-four member parties and three further independent members from twenty-one countries, in addition to seven regional partners worldwide.[10]

European Conservatives and Reformists Party
ChairpersonGiorgia Meloni
Secretary-GeneralAnna Fotyga
Founded1 October 2009 (2009-10-01)
Split fromEuropean People's Party
Union for Europe of the Nations
Preceded byMovement for European Reform[1]
HeadquartersRue du Trône 4, 1000 Brussels, Belgium[2]
Think tankNew Direction
Youth wingEuropean Young Conservatives
Soft Euroscepticism[3]
Economic liberalism[3]
Right-wing populism
National conservatism
Political positionCentre-right[citation needed] to right-wing
[citation needed]
with far-right factions[4][5]
International affiliationInternational Democrat Union
European Parliament groupEuropean Conservatives and Reformists
Colours  Blue
European Parliament
62 / 705
European Council
1 / 27
European Commission
1 / 27
European Lower Houses
1,004 / 9,874
European Upper Houses
324 / 2,714

The political movement was founded on 1 October 2009,[11] after the creation of the European Conservatives and Reformists (ECR) political group of the European Parliament. It was officially recognised by the European Parliament in January 2010.

ECR is governed by a board of directors who are elected by the Council, which represents all ECR member parties.[12] The executive board is composed of the president Giorgia Meloni, Secretary General Anna Fotyga MEP from Poland, and Treasurer Jorge Buxadé MEP from Spain.[13][14]

The party is affiliated with the European Conservatives and Reformists Group in the European Parliament, the pan-European think tank New Direction – The Foundation for European Reform, and the youth organisation the European Young Conservatives. It is also formally associated with the European Conservatives and Reformists Group in the Committee of the Regions, in the Congress of the Council of Europe, and in the NATO Parliamentary Assembly.[15] In the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, the ECR Party forms the European Conservatives Group and Democratic Alliance with the Identity and Democracy Party.