European Golden Shoe


The European Golden Shoe, also known as European Golden Boot, is an award that is presented each season to the leading goalscorer in league matches from the top division of every European national league. The trophy is a sculpture of a football boot. From its inception in the 1967–68 season, the award, originally called "Soulier d'Or", which translates from French as Golden Shoe or Boot, has been given to the top goalscorer in all European leagues during a season. Since 1997, it has been calculated using a weighting in favour of the highest ranked leagues. Originally presented by L'Équipe magazine, it has been awarded by the European Sports Media since the 1996–97 season. Lionel Messi has won the award a record six times, all while playing for Barcelona.

European Golden Shoe
Lionel Messi's 2012–13 Golden Shoe
Awarded forLeading goalscorer from the top division of every European national league
Presented byL'Équipe (1968–1991) European Sports Media (1997–present)
First awarded1968 (awarded for most goals scored in the 1967–68 season)
Currently held by Robert Lewandowski (1st award)
Most awards Lionel Messi (6 awards)
Websiteeusm.eu

History


Between 1968 and 1991, the award was given to the highest goalscorer in any European league. This was regardless of the strength of the league in which the top scorer played and the number of games in which the player had taken part. During this period Eusébio, Gerd Müller, Dudu Georgescu and Fernando Gomes each won the Golden Shoe twice.[1]

Following a protest from the Cyprus FA, which claimed that a Cypriot player with 40 goals should have received the award (though the official top scorers for the season are both listed with 19 goals), L'Équipe issued no awards between 1991 and 1996.

Since the 1996–97 season, European Sports Media have awarded the Golden Shoe based on a points system that allows players in tougher leagues to win even if they score fewer goals than a player in a weaker league. The weightings are determined by the league's ranking on the UEFA coefficients, which in turn depend on the results of each league's clubs in European competition over the previous five seasons. Goals scored in the top five leagues according to the UEFA coefficients list are multiplied by a factor of two, goals scored in the leagues ranked 6 to 22 (previously 9 to 21) are multiplied by a factor of 1.5, and goals scored in leagues ranked 22 and below are multiplied by a factor of 1.[2] Thus, goals scored in higher ranked leagues will count for more than those scored in weaker leagues.[3] Since this change, there have only been two winners who were not playing in one of the top five leagues (Henrik Larsson, 2000–01 Scottish Premier League and Mario Jardel, 1998–99 Primeira Divisão and 2001–02 Primeira Liga).

Although the Golden Shoe could be shared among multiple players in the past, in the 2019–20 season this rule was changed to give the award to the player with the least minutes played, should there be a tie on points.[4] If tie persists, number of league assists and, then, the less penalties scored, would be counted. Only in case tie ultimately persists, the award would be shared.

Winners


Lionel Messi is the all time record winner of the award, having won it six times overall. He also holds the record for most goals and most points in a single season (50 and 100 respectively, in 2011–12).
Eusébio was the first winner of the prize in 1968.
Gerd Müller was the first player to win the award twice, in 1970 and 1972.
Player (X)
Denotes the number of times the player had won the award at that time
^
Denotes player's club won league that season
European Golden Shoe winners
Season Player Club League Goals Points
Winners were awarded by L'Équipe
1967–68 Eusébio Benfica ^ Primeira Liga 42
1968–69 Petar Zhekov CSKA Sofia ^ Parva Liga 36
1969–70 Gerd Müller Bayern Munich Bundesliga 38
1970–71 Josip Skoblar Marseille ^ Ligue 1 44
1971–72 Gerd Müller (2) Bayern Munich ^ Bundesliga 40
1972–73 Eusébio (2) Benfica ^ Primeira Liga 40
1973–74 Héctor Yazalde Sporting CP ^ Primeira Liga 46
1974–75 Dudu Georgescu Dinamo București ^ Liga I 33
1975–76 Sotiris Kaiafas Omonia Nicosia ^ Cypriot First Division 39
1976–77 Dudu Georgescu (2) Dinamo București ^ Liga I 47
1977–78 Hans Krankl Rapid Wien Austrian Bundesliga 41
1978–79 Kees Kist AZ Eredivisie 34
1979–80 Erwin Vandenbergh Lierse Belgian First Division 39
1980–81 Georgi Slavkov Botev Plovdiv Parva Liga 31
1981–82 Wim Kieft Ajax ^ Eredivisie 32
1982–83 Fernando Gomes Porto Primeira Liga 36
1983–84 Ian Rush Liverpool ^ First Division 32
1984–85 Fernando Gomes (2) Porto ^ Primeira Liga 39
1985–86 Marco van Basten Ajax Eredivisie 37
1986–87 Toni Polster[lower-alpha 1] Austria Wien Austrian Bundesliga 39
1987–88 Tanju Çolak Galatasaray ^ Süper Lig 39
1988–89 Dorin Mateuț Dinamo București Liga I 43
1989–90 Hugo Sánchez Real Madrid ^ La Liga 38
Hristo Stoichkov CSKA Sofia ^ A PFG
1990–91[lower-alpha 2] Darko Pančev Red Star Belgrade ^ Yugoslav First League 34
Winners were initially not awarded
1991–92 Ally McCoist Rangers ^ Scottish Premier Division 34
1992–93 Ally McCoist (2) Rangers ^ Scottish Premier Division 34
1993–94 David Taylor Porthmadog League of Wales 43
1994–95 Arsen Avetisyan Homenetmen Armenian Premier League 39
1995–96 Zviad Endeladze Margveti Umaglesi Liga 40
Winners were awarded by European Sports Media
1996–97 Ronaldo Barcelona La Liga 34 68
1997–98 Nikos Machlas Vitesse Eredivisie 34 68
1998–99 Mário Jardel Porto Primeira Liga 36 72
1999–2000 Kevin Phillips Sunderland Premier League 30 60
2000–01 Henrik Larsson Celtic ^ Scottish Premier League 35 52.5
2001–02 Mário Jardel (2) Sporting CP ^ Primeira Liga 42 63
2002–03 Roy Makaay Deportivo La Coruña La Liga 29 58
2003–04 Thierry Henry Arsenal ^ Premier League 30 60
2004–05 Thierry Henry (2) Arsenal Premier League 25 50
Diego Forlán Villarreal La Liga
2005–06 Luca Toni Fiorentina Serie A 31 62
2006–07 Francesco Totti Roma Serie A 26 52
2007–08 Cristiano Ronaldo Manchester United ^ Premier League 31 62
2008–09 Diego Forlán (2) Atlético Madrid La Liga 32 64
2009–10 Lionel Messi Barcelona ^ La Liga 34 68
2010–11 Cristiano Ronaldo (2) Real Madrid La Liga 40 80
2011–12 Lionel Messi (2) Barcelona La Liga 50 100
2012–13 Lionel Messi (3) Barcelona ^ La Liga 46 92
2013–14 Luis Suárez Liverpool Premier League 31 62
Cristiano Ronaldo (3) Real Madrid La Liga
2014–15 Cristiano Ronaldo (4) Real Madrid La Liga 48 96
2015–16 Luis Suárez (2) Barcelona ^ La Liga 40 80
2016–17 Lionel Messi (4) Barcelona La Liga 37 74
2017–18 Lionel Messi (5) Barcelona ^ La Liga 34 68
2018–19 Lionel Messi (6) Barcelona ^ La Liga 36 72
2019–20 Ciro Immobile Lazio Serie A 36 72
2020–21 Robert Lewandowski Bayern Munich ^ Bundesliga 41 82
Notes
  1. Original 1986–87 season winner Rodion Cămătaru (with 44 goals) was disqualified later and the trophy was awarded to Polster in 1990. However, Cămătaru was allowed to keep his copy of the trophy.[5]
  2. Darko Pančev got his prize for 1990–91 season later, only in 2006,[6] following a protest from Cyprus where a player supposedly scored 40 goals (though the official topscorers for the season, Suad Beširević and Panayiotis Xiourouppas, are listed with 19 goals each). Due to this affair, France Football decided to make the competition unofficial.[5]

Statistics


Multiple winners

Lionel Messi is the only player to win the award six times, all with Barcelona. Messi holds the all-time record for goals in a single season with 50 in 2011–12, which accumulated to a record 100 points. Bayern Munich's Gerd Müller was the first player to win the award twice, in 1969–70 and 1971–72. Messi was the first player to win the award three times, Cristiano Ronaldo was the first player to win the award four times, and Messi again was the first, and so far only, player to win it five and six times. Only Messi (2016–17, 2017–18 and 2018–19) has won the award in three consecutive seasons. Thierry Henry (2003–04 and 2004–05), Messi (2011–12 and 2012–13; 2016–17, 2017–18 and 2018–19), Ronaldo (2013–14 and 2014–15) and Ally McCoist (1991–92 and 1992–93) have won the award in consecutive seasons. Diego Forlán (Villarreal and Atlético Madrid), Luis Suárez (Liverpool and Barcelona), Mário Jardel (Porto and Sporting CP) and Cristiano Ronaldo (Manchester United and Real Madrid) are the only players to have won the award with multiple clubs. Ronaldo and Suárez are the only players to win the award in two different leagues, with each having won the award while playing in both the Premier League and La Liga.

Multiple European Golden Shoe winners
Player Wins Seasons
Lionel Messi 6 2009–10, 2011–12, 2012–13, 2016–17, 2017–18, 2018–19
Cristiano Ronaldo 4 2007–08, 2010–11, 2013–14 (shared), 2014–15
Eusébio 2 1967–68, 1972–73
Gerd Müller 1969–70, 1971–72
Dudu Georgescu 1974–75, 1976–77
Fernando Gomes 1982–83, 1984–85
Ally McCoist 1991–92, 1992–93
Mário Jardel 1998–99, 2001–02
Thierry Henry 2003–04, 2004–05 (shared)
Diego Forlán 2004–05 (shared), 2008–09
Luis Suárez 2013–14 (shared), 2015–16

Winners by club

European Golden Shoe winners by club
Club Total Players
Barcelona 8 3
Real Madrid 4 2
Bayern Munich 3 2
Dinamo București 3 2
Porto 3 2
CSKA Sofia 2 2
Liverpool 2 2
Ajax 2 2
Sporting CP 2 2
Arsenal 2 1
Benfica 2 1
Rangers 2 1
Homenetmen 1 1
Austria Wien 1 1
Rapid Wien 1 1
Lierse 1 1
Botev Plovdiv 1 1
Omonia Nicosia 1 1
Manchester United 1 1
Sunderland 1 1
Marseille 1 1
Zestafoni 1 1
Fiorentina 1 1
Lazio 1 1
Roma 1 1
AZ 1 1
Vitesse 1 1
Celtic 1 1
Atlético Madrid 1 1
Deportivo La Coruña 1 1
Villarreal 1 1
Galatasaray 1 1
Porthmadog 1 1
Red Star Belgrade 1 1

Winners by nationality

European Golden Shoe winners by nationality
Nationality Total Players
 Portugal 8 3
 Argentina 7 2
 Netherlands 4 4
 Uruguay 4 2
 Bulgaria 3 3
 Italy 3 3
 Brazil 3 2
 Romania 3 2
 Austria 2 2
 Wales 2 2
 Yugoslavia 2 2
 France 2 1
 West Germany 2 1
 Scotland 2 1
 Armenia 1 1
 Belgium 1 1
 Cyprus 1 1
 England 1 1
 Georgia 1 1
 Greece 1 1
 Mexico 1 1
 Poland 1 1
 Sweden 1 1
 Turkey 1 1

Winners by league

European Golden Shoe winners by league
League Total Players
La Liga 15 7
Primeira Liga 7 4
Premier League 6 5
Eredivisie 4 4
Serie A 3 3
Parva Liga 3 3
Bundesliga 3 2
Scottish Premier Division 3 2
Liga I 3 2
Austrian Bundesliga 2 2
Ligue 1 1 1
Cypriot First Division 1 1
Belgian Pro League 1 1
Süper Lig 1 1
Yugoslav First League 1 1
Welsh Premier League 1 1
Armenian Premier League 1 1
Umaglesi Liga 1 1

2021–22 season standings


As of 29 July 2021
2021–22 European Golden Shoe rankings
Rank Player Club(s) League(s) Goals Minutes[N 1] Factor[N 2] Points
1 Ohi Omoijuanfo Molde Eliteserien 15 1,032 1.5 22.5
2 Thomas Lehne Olsen Lillestrøm Eliteserien 12 1,130 18
3 Mushaga Bakenga Odd Eliteserien 11 884 16.5
4 Veton Berisha Viking Eliteserien 10 1,126 15
5 Mikkel Dahl HB Betrideildin 14 1,110 1 14
6 Zakaria Beglarishvili Levadia Meistriliiga 1,236
7 Nikolaj Hansen Víkingur Úrvalsdeild 13 1,207 13
8 Dembo Darboe Shakhtyor Soligorsk Vysheyshaya Liga 1,218
9 Stefan Milošević Riga Virslīga 1,242
10 Henri Anier Paide Meistriliiga 1,460

Notes


  1. In the case of a tie on points, players are ranked by fewest minutes played.
  2. The championships of the top five countries in the UEFA rankings have a factor of 2, the countries ranked from 6th to 22nd place a factor of 1.5. Other countries have a factor of 1.

References


  1. "Golden Boot: The Quotients Decide It All". soccerphile.com. Retrieved 20 February 2008.
  2. "European Golden Shoe". European Sports Magazine. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
  3. "The European Golden Shoe". FIFA. 13 March 2012. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
  4. "What does Cristiano Ronaldo need to secure his fifth Golden Boot?". Marca. 23 July 2020. Retrieved 23 July 2020.
  5. "Golden Boot ("Soulier d'Or") Awards". RSSSF.com. Retrieved 30 March 2019.
  6. "Macedonia's Pancev awarded Golden boot....15 years late". Dnaindia.com. 4 August 2006. Retrieved 30 March 2019.