European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party Group


The Group of the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (French: Groupe du parti européen des libéraux, démocrates et réformateurs, ELDR)[4] was a liberal[5] political group of the European Parliament between 1976 and 2004. The group comprised the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party and its constituent national-level parties, variously of liberal, centrist and agrarian orientation.[6]

Group of the European Liberal, Democrat and Reform Party
European Parliament group
NameEuropean Liberal Democrat and Reform Party
English abbr.ELDR (1994–2004)
LDR (1985–1994)
LD (1976–1985)
L (1953–1976)
Formal nameGroup of the European Liberal, Democrat and Reform Party[1]
(19 July 1994 to 20 July 2004)[2]
Liberal and Democratic Reformist Group (13 December 1985 to 18 July 1994)[2]
Liberal and Democratic Group[2]
(1976 to 12 December 1985)
Liberals and Allies Group
(23 June 1953 to 1976)
IdeologyLiberalism
Political positionCentre
European partiesEuropean Liberal Democrat and Reform Party
From23 June 1953[3]
To20 July 2004
Preceded bynew establishment
Succeeded byAlliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe

Its predecessors have existed since 23 June 1953, then under the name of Liberals and Allies Group. In 1976, the name was changed to Liberal and Democratic Group (LD), and on 13 December 1985 to Liberal and Democratic Reformist Group (LDR). The addition of "Reformist" was a concession to the Social Democratic Party of Portugal, which did not identify as a liberal party.[7]

The ELDR group partnered with the European People's Party – European Democrats (EPP-ED) to form the majority-forming coalition for the 5th Parliament, during which time it elected its sole President of the European Parliament, Pat Cox during the second half of the term.[8][9]

Following the 2004 European elections the ELDR was expanded and renamed the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) group.[10]

Chairmen


Presidents of the European Parliament from the Liberal Groups


Represented parties



Country

National Party

years
 BelgiumParty for Freedom and Progress1979–1992
Liberal Reformist Party1979–2002
Flemish Liberals and Democrats1992–2004
Democratic Front of the Francophones1994–1999
Reformist Movement2002–2004
 FranceUnion for French Democracy1979–1994
National Centre of Independents and Peasants1989–1992
 GermanyFree Democratic Party1979–1984; 1989–1999
 ItalyItalian Liberal Party1979–1989
Italian Republican Party1979–2001
Lega Nord1994–1997
The Democrats1999–2002
European Republicans Movement2001–2004
Democracy is Freedom – The Daisy2002–2004
 LuxembourgDemocratic Party1979–2004
 NetherlandsPeople's Party for Freedom and Democracy1979–2004
Democrats 661989–2004
 DenmarkVenstre – Liberal Party1979–2004
Danish Social Liberal Party1994–2004
 IrelandProgressive Democrats1989–1994
Independents1979–2004
 United KingdomLiberal Democrats1994–2004
 PortugalSocial Democratic Party1987–1996
 SpainDemocratic and Social Centre1987–1994
Democratic Convergence of Catalonia1987–2004
Canarian Coalition1999–2004
 SwedenLiberal People's Party1995–2004
Centre Party1995–2004
 FinlandCentre Party1996–2004
Swedish People's Party1996–2004

References


  1. http://www.europarl.europa.eu/members/archive/term4/view.do?language=EN&id=1454
  2. http://www.europe-politique.eu/alliance-des-democrates-et-des-liberaux-pour-l-europe.htm
  3. http://www.europarl.europa.eu/election/results/legende.htm
  4. Lori Thorlakson (2013). "Federalism and the European party system". In Alexander H. Trechsel (ed.). Towards a Federal Europe. Taylor & Francis. p. 72. ISBN 978-1-317-99818-1.
  5. Matthew Gabel; Simon Hix (2004). "Defining the EU political space: an empirical study of European election manifestos 1979–1999". In Gary Marks; Marco R. Steenbergen (eds.). European Integration and Political Conflict. Cambridge University Press. p. 96. ISBN 978-0-521-53505-2.
  6. Michael Steed; Peter Humphreys (1988), "Identifying liberal parties", Liberal Parties in Western Europe, Cambridge University Press, p. 432
  7. http://personal.lse.ac.uk/hix/working_papers/kreppel-hix-cps-2003.pdf
  8. Jean-Pierre Hombach. The Secret About Acta. Lulu.com. p. 217. ISBN 978-1-4716-3083-5.
  9. Tapio Raunio (2017). "European parties: a powerful caucus in the European Parliament and beyond". In John Peterson; Dermot Hodson (eds.). Institutions of the European Union 4th ed. Oxford University Press. p. 360. ISBN 978-0-19-873741-4.