European Parliament constituency

Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) are elected by the population of the member states of the European Union (EU). The European Electoral Act 2002 allows member states the choice to allocate electoral subdivisions or constituencies (French: Circonscriptions électorales, German: Wahlkreise, Italian: Circoscrizioni elettorali, Swedish: Valkretsar) for the European Parliament elections in several different ways.[1]

Most EU countries operate a single national constituency which elects MEPs for the whole country.[1] Belgium and Ireland are each subdivided into constituencies, with electoral results calculated separately in each constituency.[1] Germany, Italy and Poland are each subdivided into electoral districts, with the number of representatives determined at the national level after each election in proportion to the votes cast in each district.[1]

In Germany, political parties are entitled to present lists of candidates either at Länder or national level.

France was subdivided into 8 constituencies from 2004 until 2019. Denmark had a separate constituency for Greenland until 1985, when the autonomous territory withdrew from the EEC (later expanded to become the EU).

Currently, all constituencies use various forms of proportional representation (PR), except the single-seat German-speaking electoral college in Belgium, which uses first-past-the-post. The parliament as a whole is not PR, because seats are apportioned between member states by degressive proportionality.

Full list

Constituency Member State Area/Community Seats Population, 2012[2] (thousands) Area[3] (km2)
At election Current Total Per current seat Total Per current seat
AustriaAustria(Full country)18198,43044483,8794,415
Dutch-speaking electoral collegeBelgiumFlemish Community12126,38953213,5211,127
French-speaking electoral collegeFrench Community of Belgium884,66358316,1522,019
German-speaking electoral collegeGerman-speaking Community of Belgium117777854854
BulgariaBulgaria(Full country)17177,306430110,9006,524
CroatiaCroatia(Full country)11124,26935656,5944,716
CyprusCyprus(Full country)668641449,2511,542
Czech RepublicCzech Republic(Full country)212110,51150178,8663,756
DenmarkKingdom of Denmark(Full country)13145,59239942,9163,065
EstoniaEstonia(Full country)671,32318945,2276,461
FinlandFinland(Full country)13145,414387338,43524,174
FranceFrance(Full country)747966,233838656,4128,309
GermanyGermany(Full country)969681,932853357,1623,720
GreeceGreece(Full country)212111,093528131,9576,284
HungaryHungary(Full country)21219,92047293,0244,430
DublinIrelandCounties Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown, Fingal and South Dublin; and the city of Dublin341,271318921230
Midlands–North-WestCounties Cavan, Donegal, Galway, Kildare, Leitrim, Longford, Louth, Mayo, Meath, Monaghan, Roscommon, Sligo and Westmeath; and the city of Galway441,63540937,2829,321
SouthCounties Carlow, Clare, Cork, Kilkenny, Kerry, Laois, Limerick, Offaly, Tipperary, Waterford, Wexford and Wicklow; and the cities of Cork, Limerick and Waterford451,67533531,9356,387
North-WestItalyAosta Valley, Liguria, Lombardy, Piedmont202015,80779057,9282,896
North-EastEmilia-Romagna, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, Veneto141511,48276562,3274,155
CentralLatium, Marche, Tuscany, Umbria141511,63777658,0843,872
SouthernAbruzzo, Apulia, Basilicata, Calabria, Campania, Molise171813,97577673,8004,100
IslandsSardinia, Sicily886,63983049,9326,242
LatviaLatvia(Full country)882,03425464,5738,072
LithuaniaLithuania(Full country)11112,98827265,3005,936
LuxembourgLuxembourg(Full country)66531882,586431
MaltaMalta(Full country)664207031653
NetherlandsNetherlands(Full country)262916,75557841,5401,432
PomeranianPolandPomeranian Voivodeship332,28776218,3106,103
Kuyavian-PomeranianKuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship222,0971,04917,9728,986
Podlaskie and Warmian-MasurianPodlaskie Voivodeship and Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship332,65188444,36014,787
WarsawCity of Warsaw and part of the Masovian Voivodeship (powiats: Grodzisk Mazowiecki, Legionowo, Nowy Dwór Mazowiecki, Otwock, Piaseczno, Pruszków, Warsaw West and Wołomin)662,79546611,2051,868
MasovianThe remaining part of the Masovian Voivodeship (powiats: Ciechanów, Gostyń, Mława, Płock, Płońsk, Przasnysz, Sierpc, Sochaczew, Żuromin, Żyrardów, Białobrzegi, Grójec, Kozienice, Lipsko, Przysucha, Radom, Szydłowiec, Zwoleń, Garwolin, Łosice, Maków, Mińsk, Ostrołęka, Ostrów Mazowiecka, Pułtusk, Siedlce, Sokołów, Węgrów, Wyszków and the cities of Płock, Radom, Ostrołęka and Siedlce)332,49983324,3538,118
ŁódźŁódź Voivodeship332,52984318,2196,073
Greater PolandGreater Poland Voivodeship553,35067015,1833,037
LublinLublin Voivodeship332,16973225,1228,374
SubcarpathianSubcarpathian Voivodeship332,12971017,8465,949
Lesser Poland and ŚwiętokrzyskieLesser Poland Voivodeship and Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship564,73578941,5376,923
SilesianSilesian Voivodeship774,62166012,3331,762
Lower Silesian and OpoleLower Silesian Voivodeship and Opole Voivodeship443,92898229,3597,340
Lubusz and West PomeranianLubusz Voivodeship and West Pomeranian Voivodeship442,74568636,8809,220
PortugalPortugal(Full country)212110,51550192,2124,391
RomaniaRomania(Full country)323321,385648238,3917,224
SlovakiaSlovakia(Full country)13145,40838649,0363,503
SloveniaSlovenia(Full country)882,05725720,2732,534
SpainSpain(Full country)545946,773793505,9918,576
SwedenSweden(Full country)20219,519453438,57620,885

Regional constituencies by member state

Former Regional constituencies by member state

Kingdom of Denmark

Former Regional constituencies by former member state

United Kingdom

Full lists

Constituencies for the 2009 election
Constituencies for the 2014 election
Constituencies for the 2019 election
Current constituencies

See also


  1. Oelbermann, Kai-Friederike; Palomares, Antonio; Pukelsheim, Friedrich (2010). "The 2009 European Parliament Elections: From Votes to Seats in 27 Ways" (PDF). European Electoral Studies. 5 (1): 148–182. Archived (PDF) from the original on 15 September 2013.
  2. Eurostat (14 March 2014). "Average annual population (1000) by NUTS 2 region". Retrieved 26 May 2014.
  3. Eurostat (19 May 2014). "Total area and land area by NUTS 2 region". Retrieved 26 May 2014.