Eutelsat 12 West B
Eutelsat 12 West B, known as Atlantic Bird 2 prior to 2012 and Eutelsat 8 West A from 2012 to 2015, was a geostationary communications satellite. Operated by Eutelsat, it provides direct-to-home (DTH) broadcasting services from geostationary orbit. The satellite is part of Eutelsat constellation at a longitude of 8° West, then 12.5° West. Eutelsat announced the order of a new Spacebus-3000B2 satellite bus from Alcatel Space in October 2012.
|Names||Eutelsat 8 West A (2012-2015)|
Atlantic Bird 2 (2001-2012)
|Mission duration||12 years (planned)|
19 years (achieved)
|Spacecraft||Atlantic Bird 2|
|Launch mass||3,150 kg (6,940 lb)|
|Dry mass||1,368 kg (3,016 lb)|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||21 September 2001, 23:21 UTC|
|Rocket||Ariane 44P H10-3 (V144)|
|Launch site||Centre Spatial Guyanais, ELA-2|
|Entered service||November 2001|
|End of mission|
|Reference system||Geocentric orbit|
|Longitude||12.5° West (2015-2020)|
8° West (2001-2015)
|Coverage area||Americas, Europe|
Atlantic Bird 2 was a 3,150 kg (6,940 lb) satellite with a design life of 12 years. It is equipped with an S400-12 apogee motor which was used for initial orbit-raising manoeuvres and an S10-18 engine for station keeping burns. The spacecraft has 26 Ku-band transponders.
Atlantic Bird 2 was launched on the Ariane 44P launch vehiclen from Centre Spatial Guyanais at the Kourou in French Guiana. Liftoff occurred at 23:21 UTC on 21 September 2001, with the launch vehicle successfully injecting its payload into geosynchronous transfer orbit (GTO). The launch was conducted by Arianespace.
Following launch, the satellite Atlantic Bird 2 used its apogee motor to raise itself into geostationary orbit, positioning itself at a longitude of 8° West. In December 2011, Eutelsat announced, that their satellite assets will be renamed under a unified brand name effective from March 2012. This satellite became Eutelsat 8 West A at 8° West. In 2015, it was moved to 12.5° West and named Eutelsat 12 West B. It has been moved to a graveyard orbit in October 2020.
- "Hot Bird 6 / 2002 – 038A". Spacecraft Propulsion Heritage. EADS Astrium. Retrieved 4 October 2013.
- Krebs, Gunter (22 October 2020). "Atlantic Bird 2 → Eutelsat 8 West A → Eutelsat 12 West B". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 16 April 2021.
- McDowell, Jonathan (14 March 2021). "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 16 April 2021.