Exeter

Exeter (/ˈɛksɪtər/ (listen)) is a city in Devon, South West England. It is situated on the River Exe, approximately 36 miles (58 km) north-east of Plymouth and 65 miles (105 km) south-west of Bristol.

Exeter
Clockwise: The Cathedral, The Clock Tower, Devon County Hall, Cathedral Close, The Iron Bridge.
Motto(s): 
Semper fidelis (Always Faithful)
The District of Exeter including Topsham shown within Devon
Coordinates: 50°43′N 3°32′W
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
CountryEngland
RegionSouth West England
Ceremonial and shire countyDevon
City statusTime immemorial
Non-metropolitan district1974
Government
  TypeCity Council
  BodyExeter City Council
  Lord MayorTrish Oliver
  ExecutiveLabour
  MPBen Bradshaw
(Labour)
Area
  Total18.16 sq mi (47.04 km2)
Area rank267th (of 309)
Population
 (mid-2019 est.)[2]
  Total131,405
  Rank171st (of 309)
  Density7,200/sq mi (2,800/km2)
  Demonyms
Exonian
  Ethnicity (2011)[3]
Time zoneUTC0 (GMT)
  Summer (DST)UTC+1 (BST)
Postcode district
Area code(s)01392
Websiteexeter.gov.uk

In Roman Britain, Exeter was established as the base of Legio II Augusta under the personal command of Vespasian. Exeter became a religious centre in the Middle Ages. Exeter Cathedral, founded in the mid 11th century, became Anglican in the 16th-century English Reformation. Exeter became an affluent centre for the wool trade, although by the First World War the city was in decline. After the Second World War, much of the city centre was rebuilt and is now a centre for business and tourism in Devon and Cornwall.

The administrative area of Exeter has the status of a non-metropolitan district under the administration of the County Council. It is the county town of Devon and home to the headquarters of Devon County Council. A plan to grant the city unitary authority status was scrapped by the 2010 coalition government. In 2021, Exeter joined the UK's Key Cities network.[4][5]