Exposition internationale du bicentenaire de Port-au-Prince
|Category||Second category General Exposition|
|Name||L'Exposition Internationale de port au Prince 1949|
|Motto||200 years Port au Prince|
|Area||30 hectares (74 acres)|
|Organized by||Dumarsais Estimé|
|Bidding||October 12, 1948|
|Awarded||December 5, 1948|
|Opening||December 1, 1949|
|Closure||June 8, 1950|
|Previous||1939 New York World's Fair in New York City|
|Next||Expo 58 in Brussels|
|Previous||International Exhibition on Urbanism and Housing (1947) in Paris|
|Next||The International Textile Exhibition in Lille|
|Specialized||Universal Sport Exhibition (1949) in Stockholm and The International Exhibition of Rural Habitat in Lyon|
President Dumarsais Estimé argued in 1948 for an exposition to demonstrate Haitian culture to other countries and encourage tourism and committed $1 million (then almost three-quarters of Haiti's annual budget) to the project.
The fair opened on ground at the Gonave Bay which had been cleared of houses and landscaped with gardens, parks and tall coconut and palm trees
During the first ceremony, a telegram from US president Harry S. Truman to Haitian president Dumarsais Estimé was read out, a parade of US soldiers and marines and a US Air Force squadron flew overhead, and the national exhibits and amusement area opened.
During the second ceremony, the international as well as the official pavilions were opened. Displays were on show from Argentina, Cuba, France, Guatemala, Italy, Mexico and Venezuela, with Vatican City providing a chapel.
Art and music
Marian Anderson, Alberto Beltran, Frantz Casseus, Celia Cruz, Miles Davis, Issa El Saeih, Dizzy Gillespie, Ernst Lamy, Ti Ro Ro, La Scala singers, members of the Grand National Opera New York, Daniel Santos, Don Shirley and Bebo Valdes all performed during the exposition.
Following the close of the exposition many of the pavilions were used for Haitian Governmental Buildings. The Pavilion of Haiti was converted into the Legislative Assembly Building. The Post Pavilion became a post office. The Guatemala Pavilion became the home of the Haiti Red Cross, and the Vatican Pavilion became a church. The devastating 2010 Haiti earthquake laid waste to many buildings in Haiti including most of these exposition buildings including the Legislative Building, Red Cross, and Post Office.
- Kimberly D. Perle (2008). "Port-au-Prince 1949-1940". In Pelle, Findling (ed.). Encyclopedia of World's Fairs and Expositions. McFarland & Company, Inc. p. 314. ISBN 978-0-7864-3416-9.
- Kimberly D. Perle (2008). "Port-au-Prince 1949-1940". In Pelle, Findling (ed.). Encyclopedia of World's Fairs and Expositions. McFarland & Company, Inc. p. 315. ISBN 978-0-7864-3416-9.
- "Jacques-Enguerrand Gourgue | The Electric Gallery - Egallery - Fine Art - The Art Shopping Source". Retrieved 23 July 2012.
- "Photo: Fête du Bicentenaire - 8 Décembre 1949. | Il était une fois Haiti...(1ère partie). album | Pikliz.com" (in French). Archived from the original on 22 March 2014. Retrieved 23 July 2012.
- "Don Shirley - biography". Retrieved 23 June 2012.