Food and Agriculture Organization
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger and improve nutrition and food security. Its Latin motto, fiat panis, translates to "let there be bread". It was founded in October 1945.
|Formation||16 October 1945|
|Founded at||Quebec City, Quebec, Canada|
|Type||United Nations specialised agency|
|Headquarters||Rome, Lazio, Italy|
|United Nations Economic and Social Council|
The FAO is composed of 197 member states. It is headquartered in Rome, Italy, and maintains regional and field offices around the world, operating in over 130 countries. It helps governments and development agencies coordinate their activities to improve and develop agriculture, forestry, fisheries, and land and water resources. It also conducts research, provides technical assistance to projects, operates educational and training programs, and collects data on agricultural output, production, and development.
The FAO is governed by a biennial conference representing each member country and the European Union, which elects a 49-member executive council. The Director-General, currently Qu Dongyu of China, serves as the chief administrative officer. There are various committees governing matters such as finance, programs, agriculture, and fisheries.
|100 lire (FAO's celebration.)|
|Obverse: Young woman with braid facing left. Surrounded by Repubblica Italiana [Republic of Italy].||Reverse: Cow nursing calf, face value & date. FAO at bottom and Nutrire il Mondo [Feed the world] at top.|
|Coined minted by Italy in 1970s to celebrate and promote Food and Agriculture Organization.|