Fédération Internationale de Volleyball


The Fédération Internationale de Volleyball (English: International Volleyball Federation), commonly known by the acronym FIVB, is the international governing body for all forms of volleyball.[2] Its headquarters are located in Lausanne, Switzerland and its current president is Brazilian Ary Graça.

International Volleyball Federation
Map of the members of FIVB according to their confederation
AbbreviationFIVB
PredecessorInternational Amateur Handball Federation
Founded20 April 1947; 74 years ago (1947-04-20)
Founded atParis, France
TypeSports federation
Legal statusGoverning body of Volleyball
PurposeSport governance
HeadquartersLausanne, Switzerland
Coordinates46°30′26.87″N 6°38′8.7″E
Region served
Worldwide
Membership
222 national associations
Official languages
English, French, Spanish, Arabic,
Portuguese, Russian[1]
FIVB President
Ary Graça
Main organ
Congress
Subsidiaries
AffiliationsInternational Olympic Committee
WebsiteFIVB.com

History


FIVB Headquarters in Lausanne, Switzerland.

Before the FIVB was founded volleyball was part of the International Amateur Handball Federation. The FIVB was founded in France in April 1947.[3] In the late 1940s, some of the European national federations began to address the issue of creating an international governing body for the sport of volleyball. Initial discussions eventually lead to the installation of a Constitutive Congress in 1947. Fourteen national federations representing five different continents attended the meetings where, between 18 and 20 April, the entity was officially formed, having Frenchman Paul Libaud as first president. The first Asia volleyball championship was held at Tokyo (Japan ) in 1995 and in this championship India had beaten Japan in final.

One of the main goals of the 1947 Congress was achieved two years later with the establishment of the first international major volleyball event, the World Championship. In 1952, a women's version of the tournament was also introduced.

In 1964, the IOC endorsed the addition of volleyball to the Olympic programme. By this time, the number of national federations affiliated to the FIVB had grown to 89. Later in that year (1969), a new international event, the World Cup was introduced. It would be turned into a qualifying event for the Olympic Games in 1991.

Following Libaud's retirement and the election of Mexican Rubén Acosta Hernandez for the position of president in 1984, the FIVB moved its headquarters from Paris, France to Lausanne, Switzerland and intensified to an unprecedented level its policy of promoting volleyball on a worldwide basis. Measures taken in this direction include the establishment of annual competitions for men's and women's volleyball (the World League, in 1990, and the Grand Prix, in 1993), the indication of Beach volleyball as an Olympic event (1996) and a number of changes in the rules of the game with the purpose of enhancing public visibility.

On 19 June 2008, Wei Jizhong (Chinese: 魏纪中) of China, who during this period served as the 1st Vice president took over during the 31st World Congress in Dubai when Dr. Rubén Acosta decided to step down. Mr. Jizhong Wei became the third president in the history of the FIVB. The handover of the presidency took place on 24 August 2008 in Beijing.

As of 2020, the FIVB counted 222 affiliated national federations.

Activities


The FIVB's main activity is worldwide planning and organisation of volleyball events, sometimes in conjunction with other international governing bodies such as the IOC. This involves defining qualification procedures and competition formulae for tournaments, as well as more specific details such as player line-up and replacement restrictions, venues and hosts.

The FIVB participates directly in the organization of continental volleyball events which have an attached international significance, such as Olympic and World Championship continental qualification tournaments.

Amongst others, the FIVB organizes the following international volleyball tournaments:

Defunct

and the following international under-age volleyball tournaments:

and the following international beach volleyball tournaments:

and the following international under-age beach volleyball tournaments:

The FIVB also maintains extensive special programmes aimed at the advance of world volleyball. This includes the constitution of development centers in areas where the sport is still unpopular, as well as support (in instruction and equipment) for organizations that fail to meet the quality standards required on an international level. Therefore, FIVB organizes congress, workshops, courses for referees, coaches and teachers, to promote grassroot volleyball development, such as:

  • Volley All Festival
  • Good Net Project in 2019 [4]
  • School Volleyball Congress in 2007
  • Volleyball Medicine Congress in 2011
  • Symposium on Match Analysis in 1981 [5]
  • Symposium on Mini Volleyball in 1985

Another relevant area of concern is the promotion of volleyball in a worldwide scale. Part of the FIVB's activities in this area consists in attracting media partners and sponsors through negotiation of commercial rights for broadcasting and coverage of major events.

As reported by Olympic news outlet Around the Rings, the FIVB recently launched a new "FIVB Heroes" promotion in Rome. The campaign uses billboards, posters and statues of the top beach volleyball players situated around the city to enhance visibility and profiles of the athletes.

The FIVB is responsible for the standardization of volleyball rules. In recent years, many changes were implemented in connection with its promotional and marketing vision, in an alleged attempt to improve public visibility and make the sport comply to the demands of sponsors and media organizations. These changes range from ingenuous, almost commonplace restrictions, such as the obligation of a "fashionable" uniform – meaning tight clothing, supposed to be more appealing to the audience because it makes players bodies salient –, to very drastic changes in the format of competitions (e.g., the rally-point system).

The FIVB is the ultimate international authority in volleyball, and judges (or is involved at least to some degree in the judgement) issues such as doping, regulation of player transfer, nationality changes and gender determination. It also publishes the FIVB World Rankings, used as basis for seeding in international competitions.

Current champions in FIVB tournaments


Volleyball

Nations
TournamentSenior
(M) – (W)
U23
(M) – (W)
Junior
(M U21) – (W U20)
Youth
(M U19) – (W U18)
World Championship(Men) Poland (2018) Argentina (2017) Iran (2019) Italy (2019)
(Women) Serbia (2018) Turkey (2017) Japan (2019) United States (2019)
Olympic Games(Men) Brazil (2016)N/A Cuba (2010)
(Women) China (2016) Belgium (2010)
World Cup(Men) Brazil (2019)N/A
(Women) China (2019)
World Grand Champions Cup(Men) Brazil (2017)N/A
(Women) China (2017)
Volleyball Nations League(Men) Brazil (2021)N/A
(Women United States (2021)
ConfederationSeniorU23JuniorYouth
Africa (CAVB)(Men) Tunisia (2019) Algeria (2017) Tunisia (2018) Tunisia (2016)
(Women) Cameroon (2019) Egypt (2016) Egypt (2018) Egypt (2016)
Asia & Oceania (AVC)(Men) Iran (2019) Chinese Taipei (2019) Iran (2018) Japan (2018)
(Women) Japan (2019) China (2019) Japan (2018) Japan (2018)
Europe (CEV)(Men) Serbia (2019)N/A Russia (2020) Italy (2020)
(Women) Serbia (2019) Turkey (2020) Russia (2020)
North America (NORCECA)(Men) Cuba (2019)N/A Cuba (2018) Cuba (2018)
(Women) Dominican Republic (2019) United States (2018) United States (2018)
South America (CSV)(Men) Brazil (2019) Brazil (2016) Brazil (2018) Brazil (2018)
(Women) Brazil (2019) Brazil (2016) Brazil (2018) Argentina (2018)
Clubs
FIVB TournamentMenWomen
Club World Championship (M) (W) Cucine Lube Civitanova (2019) Imoco Volley Conegliano (2019)
African Club Championship (M) (W) ES Tunis (2021) CF de Carthage (2021)
Asian Club Championship (M) (W) Shahrdari Varamin (2019) Tianjin Bohaibank (2019)
European Champions League (M) (W) ZAKSA Kędzierzyn-Koźle (2021) Imoco Volley Conegliano (2021)
South American Volleyball Club Championship (M) (W) Sada Cruzeiro (2020) Minas Tênis Clube (2020)

Beach volleyball

Intercontinental events
Olympic Games World Championship World Tour
Men  Alison Cerutti
and Bruno Oscar Schmidt (BRA) (2016)
 Oleg Stoyanovskiy
and Viacheslav Krasilnikov (RUS) (2019)
 Viacheslav Krasilnikov
and Oleg Stoyanovskiy (RUS) (2019)
Women  Laura Ludwig
and Kira Walkenhorst (GER) (2016)
 Sarah Pavan
and Melissa Humana-Paredes (CAN) (2019)
 Laura Ludwig
and Margareta Kozuch (GER) (2019)
Under-age events
Youth Olympic Games U23 World Championship U21 World Championship U19 World Championship U17 World Championship
Men  David Åhman
and Jonatan Hellvig (SWE) (2018)
 Maciej Kosiak
and Maciej Rudol (POL) (2014)
 Renato Carvalho
and Rafael Carvalho (BRA) (2019)
 Denis Shekunov
and Dmitrii Veretiuk (RUS) (2018)
 Florian Breer
and Yves Haussener (SUI) (2014)
Women  Maria Voronina
and Maria Bocharova (RUS) (2018)
 Nicole Laird
and Mariafe Artacho (AUS) (2014)
 Victoria Tosta
and Vitoria Rodrigues (BRA) (2019)
 Maria Voronina
and Maria Bocharova (RUS) (2018)
 Morgan Martin
and Kathryn Plummer (USA) (2014)

Rankings


Men's

The following table has the Top 24 men's volleyball countries in the world.[6] The Top 24 is here due to the next iteration of the FIVB Volleyball Men's World Championship, the world's major tournament in men's volleyball, anticipating to have 24 countries compete. As such, this table shows the projected teams in the next FIVB Men's WC based on the ranking's algorithm. This list does not consider berths given to countries based on hosting or region status.[7]

RankTeamRegionPointsΔPrevious finish
1 BrazilCSV4272nd
2 PolandCEV3841st
3 United StatesNORCECA3653rd
4 RussiaCEV3176th
5 ArgentinaCSV29115th
6 FranceCEV2917th
7 ItalyCEV2885th
8 IranAVC27913th
9 JapanAVC26917th
10 CanadaNORCECA2559th
11 SerbiaCEV2484th
12 SloveniaCEV21812th
13 CubaNORCECA21218th
14 BulgariaCEV20111th
15 AustraliaAVC174 114th
16 NetherlandsCEV171 18th
17 TunisiaCAVB16823rd
18 EgyptCAVB16720th
19 BelgiumCEV16410th
20 South KoreaAVC161DNQ
21 GermanyCEV155DNQ
22 TurkeyCEV144DNQ
23 UkraineCEV140DNQ
24 QatarAVC138DNQ

Women's

The following table has the Top 24 women's volleyball countries in the world.[8] The Top 24 is here due to the next iteration of the FIVB Volleyball Women's World Championship, the world's major tournament in women's volleyball, anticipating to have 24 countries compete. As such, this table shows the projected teams in the next FIVB Women's WC based on the ranking's algorithm. This list does not consider berths given to countries based on hosting or region status.[7]

RankTeamRegionPointsΔPrevious finish
1 United StatesNORCECA4163rd
2 ChinaAVC3765th
3 BrazilCSV3717th
4 ItalyCEV3002nd
5 TurkeyCEV28510th
6 SerbiaCEV2801st
7 JapanAVC2776th
8 RussiaCEV2758th
9 Dominican RepublicNORCECA2729th
10 South KoreaAVC26117th
11 NetherlandsCEV2534th
12 GermanyCEV24011th
13 PolandCEV231DNQ
14 BelgiumCEV207DNQ
15 ThailandAVC19813th
16 Puerto RicoNORCECA17614th
17 ArgentinaCSV17419th
18 CanadaNORCECA17318th
19 ColombiaCSV168DNQ
20 Czech RepublicCEV164DNQ
21 BulgariaCEV16012th
22 KazakhstanAVC15724th
23 GreeceCEV142DNQ
24 KenyaCAVB14120th

Other events


The FIVB is also responsible for the volleyball games at some regional competitions as:

Organization


Map of the Continental Confederations affiliated to the FIVB

World Congress: The supreme authority convened every two years, electing the President and members of the Board.

Board of Administration: Responsible for the overall management of the FIVB, overseeing the work of the national federations, confederations, commissions and councils and appoints officials including members of the Executive Committee.

Executive Committee: Composed of Board members and each member is charged with important and specific responsibilities, assisted by Commissions, Committees and Councils.

  • Legal Commission
  • Finance Commission
  • Communication Commission
  • Rules of the Games and Refereeing Commission
  • Technical and Coaching Commission
  • Medical Commission
  • Development Commission
  • Beach Volleyball Commission
  • Athletes Commission
  • Sports Events Council
  • Beach Volleyball World Tour Council
  • World League Council
  • World Grand Prix Council
  • World Championships Council

Judicial Bodies

  • FIVB Disciplinary Panel
  • FIVB Appeals Panel
  • FIVB Ethics Panel
  • FIVB Tribunal

The FIVB also presides over five continental confederations:

Each continental confederation, by its turn, presides over a number of national federations located in its domain of action.

FIVB Heroes


"FIVB Heroes" is the official image campaign of the FIVB. The campaign aims to raise awareness of the players’ athletic achievements and to increase the worldwide interest in the sport. “FIVB Heroes” features 33 volleyball and 29 beach volleyball players from 19 countries, who were selected due to their outstanding performance.

FIVB presidents


  • Paul Libaud (1947–1984)
  • Rubén Acosta (1984–2008)
  • Wei Jizhong (2008–2012)
  • Ary Graça (2012–Present)

Sponsors


Sponsors of the FIVB

See also


Notes


  1. The second Men's World Championship was held in 1952, and thereafter has been held every four years.

References


  1. "FIVB Constitution (Edition 2014)" (PDF). Fédération Internationale de Volleyball. Retrieved 31 October 2014.
  2. "The FIVB". Retrieved 2018-10-16.
  3. "FIVB History". Fédération Internationale de Volleyball. Retrieved 8 November 2015.
  4. "News - Good Net Volleyball Sustainability Project launched on Copacabana Beach". www.fivb.com. Retrieved 2019-12-23.
  5. "Coaches manual" (PDF). www.fivb.org. Retrieved 2020-03-22.
  6. "FIVB Rankings – Men's volleyball". Fédération Internationale de Volleyball. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  7. "Qualification System For FIVB Volleyball World Championships 2022 Revealed". Fédération Internationale de Volleyball. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  8. "FIVB Rankings – Women's volleyball". Fédération Internationale de Volleyball. Retrieved 25 May 2021.