FTSE 100 Index


The Financial Times Stock Exchange 100 Index, also called the FTSE 100 Index, FTSE 100, FTSE, or, informally, the "Footsie" /ˈfʊtsi/, is a share index of the 100 companies listed on the London Stock Exchange with (in principle) the highest market capitalisation. The index is maintained by the FTSE Group, a subsidiary of the London Stock Exchange Group.

FTSE 100 Index
FTSE 100 Index performance between 1984 and 2015
Foundation1984[1]
OperatorFTSE Group[1]
ExchangesLondon Stock Exchange[1]
Constituents100[1]
TypeLarge cap
Market cap£1.814 trillion
(as of May 2020)[1]
Weighting methodCapitalisation-weighted[1]
Related indices
Websitewww.ftse.com

Overview


The index is maintained by the FTSE Group, now a wholly owned subsidiary of the London Stock Exchange, which originated as a joint venture between the Financial Times and the London Stock Exchange. It is calculated in real time and published every second when the market is open.

The FTSE 100 Index was launched on 3 January 1984. The market capitalisation weighted FTSE 100 index replaced the price-weighted FT30 Index as the performance benchmark for most investors.[2]

The FTSE 100 broadly consists of the largest 100 qualifying UK companies by full market value.[3] The total market value of a company is calculated by multiplying the share price of the company by the total number of shares they have issued.[4] Many of these are internationally focused companies, however, so the index's movements are a fairly weak indicator of how the UK economy is faring and are significantly affected by the exchange rates of the pound sterling.[5] A better indication of the UK economy is the FTSE 250 Index, as it contains a smaller proportion of international companies.[6]

Even though the FTSE All-Share Index is more comprehensive, the FTSE 100 is by far the most widely used UK stock market indicator. Other related indices are the FTSE 250 Index (which includes the next largest 250 companies after the FTSE 100), the FTSE 350 Index (which is the aggregation of the FTSE 100 and 250), FTSE SmallCap Index and the FTSE Fledgling Index. The FTSE All-Share aggregates the FTSE 100, FTSE 250 and FTSE SmallCap.

To be included in the index, a company must meet a number of requirements set out by the FTSE Group, including having a full listing on the London Stock Exchange with a sterling or Euro denominated price on the Stock Exchange Electronic Trading Service, and meeting certain tests on nationality, free float, and liquidity.

Continuous trading on the London Stock Exchange starts at 08:00 and ends at 16:30 (when the closing auction starts), and closing values are taken at 16:35.

Weighting

In the FTSE indices, share prices are weighted by free-float capitalisation, so that the larger companies, with more of their stock "floating", make more of a difference to the index than smaller companies. The basic formula for these indices is:

The free float adjustment factor represents the percentage of all issued shares that are readily available for trading, rounded up to the nearest multiple of 5%. The free-float capitalisation of a company is its market capitalisation multiplied by its free float adjustment factor. It therefore does not include restricted stocks, such as those held by company insiders.

Record values


The index reached the following record values:

Category All-time highs
Closing7,877.4522 May 2018
Intraday7,903.5022 May 2018

The index began on 3 January 1984 at the base level of 1000. The highest closing value of 7,877.45 was reached on 22 May 2018.[7] The highest intra-day value of 7,903.50 was reached on 22 May 2018.[8]

Annual returns


The following table shows the annual development of the FTSE 100 Index, which was calculated back to 1969.[9][10][11]

Year Closing level Change in Index
(points) (%)
1969313.16
1970289.61−23.55−7.52
1971411.03121.4241.93
1972463.7252.6912.82
1973318.30−145.42−31.36
1974142.17−176.13−55.33
1975335.98193.81136.32
1976322.98−13.00−3.87
1977455.96132.9841.17
1978468.0612.102.65
1979488.4020.344.35
1980620.60132.2027.07
1981665.5044.907.23
1982812.37146.8722.07
19831,000.00187.6323.10
19841,232.20232.2023.22
19851,412.60180.4014.64
19861,679.00266.4018.86
19871,712.7033.702.01
19881,793.1080.404.69
19892,422.70629.6035.11
19902,143.50−279.20−11.52
19912,493.10349.6016.31
19922,846.50353.4014.18
19933,418.40571.9020.09
19943,065.50−352.90−10.32
19953,689.30623.8020.35
19964,118.50429.2011.63
19975,135.501,017.0024.69
19985,882.60747.1014.55
19996,930.201,047.6017.81
20006,222.46−707.74−10.21
20015,217.35−1,005.11−16.15
20023,940.36−1,276.99−24.48
20034,476.87536.4913.62
20044,814.30337.577.54
20055,618.76804.4616.71
20066,220.81602.0510.71
20076,456.91236.103.80
20084,434.17−2,022.74−31.33
20095,412.88978.7122.07
20105,899.94487.069.00
20115,572.28−327.66−5.55
20125,897.81325.535.84
20136,749.09851.2914.43
20146,566.09−183.00−2.71
20156,274.05−292.04−4.45
20167,142.83868.7813.85
20177,687.77544.947.63
20186,728.13−959.64−12.48
20197,542.44814.3112.10
20206,460.52−1,081.92−14.34

Constituents in June 2021


The following table lists the FTSE 100 companies after the changes on 21 June 2021.[12]

CompanyEPICFTSE Industry Classification Benchmark sector[13]
3iIIIFinancial Services
AbrdnABDNFinancial Services
Admiral GroupADMNonlife Insurance
Anglo American plcAALMining
AntofagastaANTOMining
Ashtead GroupAHTSupport Services
Associated British FoodsABFFood Producers
AstraZenecaAZNPharmaceuticals & Biotechnology
Auto Trader GroupAUTOMedia
AvastAVSTSoftware & Computer Services
AvevaAVVSoftware & Computer Services
AvivaAV.Life Insurance
B&MBMERetailers
BAE SystemsBA.Aerospace & Defence
BarclaysBARCBanks
Barratt DevelopmentsBDEVHousehold Goods & Home Construction
Berkeley Group HoldingsBKGHousehold Goods & Home Construction
BHPBHPMining
BPBP.Oil & Gas Producers
British American TobaccoBATSTobacco
British LandBLNDReal Estate Investment Trusts
BT GroupBT.AFixed Line Telecommunications
BunzlBNZLSupport Services
BurberryBRBYPersonal Goods
Coca-Cola HBCCCHBeverages
Compass GroupCPGSupport Services
CRH plcCRHConstruction & Materials
Croda InternationalCRDAChemicals
DCC plcDCCSupport Services
DiageoDGEBeverages
EntainENTTravel & Leisure
EvrazEVRIndustrial Metals & Mining
ExperianEXPNSupport Services
Ferguson plcFERGSupport Services
Flutter EntertainmentFLTRTravel & Leisure
FresnilloFRESMining
GlaxoSmithKlineGSKPharmaceuticals & Biotechnology
GlencoreGLENMining
HalmaHLMAElectronic & Electrical Equipment
Hargreaves LansdownHL.Financial Services
Hikma PharmaceuticalsHIKPharmaceuticals & Biotechnology
HSBCHSBABanks
IHG Hotels & ResortsIHGTravel & Leisure
Imperial BrandsIMBTobacco
InformaINFMedia
Intermediate Capital GroupICPInvestment Services
International Airlines GroupIAGTravel & Leisure
IntertekITRKSupport Services
ITV plcITVMedia
JD SportsJD.General Retailers
Johnson MattheyJMATChemicals
Just Eat TakeawayJETSoftware & Computer Services
KingfisherKGFRetailers
Land SecuritiesLANDReal Estate Investment Trusts
Legal & GeneralLGENLife Insurance
Lloyds Banking GroupLLOYBanks
London Stock Exchange GroupLSEGFinancial Services
M&GMNGAsset Managers
Melrose IndustriesMROAutomobiles & Parts
MondiMNDIForestry & Paper
National Grid plcNG.Gas, Water & Multi-utilities
NatWest GroupNWGBanks
Next plcNXTGeneral Retailers
Ocado GroupOCDOFood & Drug Retailers
Pearson plcPSONMedia
Pershing Square HoldingsPSHFinancial Services
Persimmon plcPSNHousehold Goods & Home Construction
Phoenix GroupPHNXLife Insurance
Polymetal InternationalPOLYPrecious Metals & Mining
Prudential plcPRULife Insurance
ReckittRKTHousehold Goods & Home Construction
RELXRELMedia
Rentokil InitialRTOSupport Services
RightmoveRMVMedia
Rio TintoRIOMining
Rolls-Royce HoldingsRR.Aerospace & Defence
Royal Dutch ShellRDSAOil & Gas Producers
Royal MailRMGIndustrial Transportation
Sage GroupSGESoftware & Computer Services
Sainsbury'sSBRYFood & Drug Retailers
SchrodersSDRFinancial Services
Scottish Mortgage Investment TrustSMTEquity Investment Instruments
SegroSGROReal Estate Investment Trusts
Severn TrentSVTGas, Water & Multi-utilities
DS SmithSMDSGeneral Industrials
Smiths GroupSMINGeneral Industrials
Smith & NephewSN.Health Care Equipment & Services
Smurfit KappaSKGGeneral Industrials
Spirax-Sarco EngineeringSPXIndustrial Engineering
SSE plcSSEElectricity
Standard CharteredSTANBanks
St. James's Place plcSTJFinancial Services
Taylor WimpeyTW.Household Goods & Home Construction
TescoTSCOFood & Drug Retailers
UnileverULVRPersonal Goods
United UtilitiesUU.Gas, Water & Multi-utilities
Vodafone GroupVODMobile Telecommunications
Weir GroupWEIRIndustrial Goods and Services
WhitbreadWTBRetail hospitality
WPP plcWPPMedia

Past constituents


All changes are due to market capitalisation unless stated otherwise.

Source: "FTSE: FTSE 100 Constituent Changes" (PDF; 57.9 KB)

FT 30


The oldest continuous index in the UK is the FT 30, also known as the Financial Times Index or the FT Ordinary Index (FTOI).[188] It was established in 1935 and nowadays is largely obsolete due to its redundancy. It is similar to the Dow Jones Industrial Average, and companies listed are from the industrial and commercial sectors. Financial sector companies and government stocks are excluded.

Of the original constituents,[189] three are currently in the FTSE 100: Tate & Lyle, Imperial Tobacco and Rolls-Royce, although Rolls-Royce has not been continuously listed and Imperial Tobacco was a subsidiary of Hanson for a number of years, and is now renamed as Imperial Brands. Only one of the original FT 30 companies is still in that index:[190] Tate & Lyle (membership is not strictly based on market capitalisation, so this does not mean they are necessarily among the top thirty companies in the FTSE 100). The best performer from the original lineup has been Imperial Tobacco.[191]

See also


Other lists
Stock market lists

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