Fabriano


Fabriano is a town and comune of Ancona province in the Italian region of the Marche, at 325 metres (1,066 ft) above sea level. It lies in the Esino valley 44 kilometres (27 mi) upstream and southwest of Jesi; and 15 kilometres (9 mi) east-northeast of Fossato di Vico and 36 kilometres (22 mi) east of Gubbio (both in Umbria). Its location on the main highway and rail line from Umbria to the Adriatic make it a mid-sized regional center in the Apennines. Fabriano is the headquarters of the giant appliance maker Indesit (partly owned by Whirlpool).

Fabriano
Comune di Fabriano
Coat of arms
Fabriano within the Province of Ancona
Location of Fabriano
Fabriano
Location of Fabriano in Italy
Fabriano
Fabriano (Marche)
Coordinates: 43°20′N 12°55′E
CountryItaly
RegionMarche
ProvinceAncona (AN)
Frazionisee list
Government
  MayorGabriele Santarelli
Area
  Total272.08 km2 (105.05 sq mi)
Elevation
325 m (1,066 ft)
Population
 (31 December 2017)[2]
  Total30,809
  Density110/km2 (290/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Fabrianesi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
60044
Dialing code0732
Patron saintSt. John the Baptist
Saint dayJune 24
WebsiteOfficial website

Fabriano, with Roma, Parma, Torino and Carrara, is an Italian creative city (UNESCO). The town is in the category Folk Arts (for the Fabriano's handmade paper production).

History


Fabriano appears to have been founded in the early Middle Ages by the inhabitants of a small Roman town 5 kilometres (3 mi) south at Attiggio (Latin Attidium), of which some slight remains and inscriptions are extant. Fabriano itself was one of the earliest places in Europe to make high-quality paper on an industrial scale, starting in the 13th century, and the town even today has a reputation for fine watermarked paper. This led to Fabriano's prosperity in the Late Middle Ages and the Renaissance, and was also one of the factors that led to the establishment of nearby Foligno in Umbria as one of the earliest printing centers in Italy in the 15th century, from 1470 onwards.

Geography


The municipality borders with Cerreto d'Esi, Costacciaro (PG), Esanatoglia (MC), Fiuminata (MC), Fossato di Vico (PG), Genga, Gualdo Tadino (PG), Matelica (MC), Nocera Umbra (PG), Poggio San Vicino (MC), Sassoferrato, Serra San Quirico and Sigillo (PG).[3]

Frazioni

The hamlets (frazioni) of Fabriano are:

Albacina, Argignano, Attiggio, Bassano, Bastia, Belvedere, Borgo Tufico, Cacciano, Ca' Maiano, Campodiegoli, Campodonico, Cancelli, Cantia, Castelletta, Ceresola, Ciaramella, Coccore, Collamato, Collegiglioni, Colle Paganello, Cupo, Fontanaldo, Grotte, Marena, Marenella, Marischio, Melano, Moscano, Nebbiano, Paterno, Poggio San Romualdo, Rufano beach, Precicchie, Rocchetta, Rucce, San Donato, San Giovanni, San Michele, San Pietro, Sant'Elia, Serradica, Valgiubbola, Vallemontagnana, Valleremita, Vallina, Varano, Viacce, Vigne.

Main sights


Fabriano's wealth and commitment to the fine arts in the late medieval period have left it with many monuments.

Churches

  • Fabriano Cathedral, dedicated to San Venanzio (Saint Venantius) (14th century, rebuilt in 160717). From the Baroque restoration are the stucco decoration of the interior and the canvasses by Gregorio Preti, Salvator Rosa, Giovanni Francesco Guerrieri, Giuseppe Puglia and Orazio Gentileschi. To the original Cathedral belong the polygonal apse, the cloister and the St Lawrence Chapel with frescoes by Allegretto di Nuzio (c. 1360). Also important are the frescoes with Stories of the True Cross by the Folignate painter Giovanni di Corraduccio (1415).
  • San Filippo Neri - Church in 14th century attached to hospital, converted to oratory of the Philippines in 1628[4]
  • San Domenico
  • Santi Biagio e Romualdo[5]
  • Sant'Onofrio - Church rebuilt in 1727[6]
  • The Benedictine Abbey
  • St Augustine
  • Santa Caterina da Siena - Present church erected 1508[7]
  • Collegiata of St. Nicholas
  • Santa Maria del Piangato
  • St Benedict
  • Oratory of the Gonfalone[8]

Other buildings

Palazzo del Podestà.

Personalities


References


  1. "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. 42382 (x a j h) Fabriano on OpenStreetMap
  4. Guida e statistica della città e Comune di Fabriano, (1874); page 163.
  5. Guida, page 155-156.
  6. Guida, page 159.
  7. Guida, page 154.
  8. Guida, page 154.
  • (Incorporates text from Bill Thayer's Gazetteer of Italy, by permission.)

Further reading


  • Albro, Sylvia Rodgers. Fabriano: City of Medieval and Renaissance Papermaking. Washington, DC, and New Castle, DE: Library of Congress and Oak Knoll Press, 2016.