Fadli Zon


Fadli Zon (born 1 June 1971) is an Indonesian politician and the current deputy speaker of the Indonesian People's Representative Council. As one of the founders of the Great Indonesia Movement Party in 2007,[1] he is the party's current vice chairman.[2] A prominent member of the opposition, he is a frequent critic of Indonesian President Joko Widodo and his cabinet.[3][4][5]

Fadli Zon

Speaker of People's Representative Council
Acting
In office
11 December 2017  15 January 2018
Preceded bySetya Novanto
Succeeded byBambang Soesatyo
In office
16 December 2015  11 January 2016
Preceded bySetya Novanto
Succeeded byAde Komaruddin
Deputy Speaker of People's Representative Council
on Politics and Security
In office
2 October 2014  1 October 2019
Preceded byPriyo Budi Santoso
Member of People's Representative Council
from West Java 5th district
Assumed office
2 October 2014
Personal details
Born (1971-06-01) 1 June 1971 (age 48)
Jakarta, Indonesia
Political partyGreat Indonesia Movement Party
Spouse(s)Katharine Grace
ChildrenShafa Sabila Fadli
Zara Saladina Fadli
Alma materUniversity of Indonesia
London School of Economics and Political Science

While formally a deputy speaker, Fadli has twice served as acting speaker of the House - in both cases as a replacement for Setya Novanto when the latter resigned due to involvement in corruption scandals. Most recently, Fadli held the post from 11 December 2017 to 15 January 2018.

Family and personal life

Zon was born in Jakarta, the eldest of three children of Zon Harjo and Ellyda Yatim, both from Minangkabau in West Sumatra.[6] His father died when he was a teenager. From 1989 to 1990, he attended Harlandale High School, San Antonio on an exchange program facilitated by the American Field Service.[7]

In 1997, he completed his undergraduate education in Russian Studies at the University of Indonesia. He later studied at London School of Economics and Political Science, earning a masters in development studies.[8][9]

He has established a library in Jakarta, named after himself,[10] and a cultural house in Tanah Datar, West Sumatra.[11] A large fan of the traditional Kris, he possesses a large collection of them and chairs the Indonesian National Kris Secretariat for the 2016-2021 term.[12][13]

He is married to Katherine Grace, and they have two daughters.[9]

Career

Early political career

After graduating in 1997, he became a member of the People's Consultative Assembly for two years. After the fall of Suharto, he was one of the founders of Islam-based Crescent Star Party and briefly became one of its chairmen, but he resigned in 2001. Between 1999 and 2007, he was on the boards of directors of several energy and agricultural companies, before he met businessman Hashim Djojohadikusumo in November 2007.[1][11]

Hashim, Zon and Hashim's brother Prabowo Subianto, then a member of Golkar, declared and registered Gerindra in December 2007 and the party participated in the 2009 elections, winning 4.46% of the votes and gaining 26 seats in parliament. Zon himself did not gain a seat, receiving 11,077 votes in West Sumatra electoral district 2, where the seat-winner received 21,348 votes.[11][14]

In the 2014 elections he ran once more for a legislative seat, this time in a West Java electoral district, where he received 79,074 votes, securing himself a seat in the People's Representative Council.[11]

As deputy speaker

After Joko Widodo's victory over Prabowo Subianto in the presidential elections, Gerindra formed an opposition coalition named Koalisi Merah Putih (Red and White Coalition), which held a parliamentary majority, comprising Gerindra, the PKS, the PAN, the PPP, and Golkar.[15][16] Zon frequently criticized Widodo's policies, from a ban on ministerial-level officials to speak in parliament,[17] an alleged lèse-majesté case against a satay seller,[18] to the revocation of national fuel subsidies.[19]

In 2015, Zon and House Speaker Setya Novanto caused controversy by attending a press conference in the United States of then-presidential candidate Donald Trump. The two were accused of receiving graft (in form of Trump campaign accessories, which were seized by the Corruption Eradication Commission) and of misrepresenting the position of the legislative body.[20] The two were later reprimanded for violating the House's code of conduct.[21]

Zon was appointed chairman of the Global Organization of Parliamentarians Against Corruption in October 2015, a position he has held since.[22]

In December 2015, when Setya Novanto resigned from his position as a speaker upon facing a corruption charge related to Freeport-McMoRan, Zon briefly took up the speaker's position until Golkar assigned Ade Komaruddin as a replacement.[23] In 2016, Komaruddin was removed from the position due to ethical misconduct and Novanto returned as speaker.[24] Novanto was again implicated in another corruption case in 2017, and Fadli once more was appointed as acting speaker in late 2017.[25]

Fake news lawsuit

On 12 March 2018, Fadli and fellow House of Representatives Deputy Chairman Fahri Hamzah were reported to Jakarta Police for allegedly spreading fake news and hate-speech on Twitter. Muhammad Rizki reported the pair for re-tweeting fake news from Jawa Pos online. Jawa Pos later clarified and removed the report, whereas Fadli and Fachri had kept the fake news. The report had falsely claimed the head of a fake news organization called Muslim Cyber Army was a supporter of Basuki Tjahaja 'Ahok' Purnama, the former Jakarta governor who was jailed for insulting Islam. Rizki accused the deputy speakers of violating Indonesia’s Law on Electronic Information and Transactions.[26] Gerindra responded by saying it was ready to provide Fadli with legal assistance and called on police to be fair in handling the case.[27]

Books

Zon is the author of several books, some published by his Fadli Zon Library.

  • The Politics of the May 1998 Riots (2004). Refutes allegations that Prabowo masterminded the 1998 May riots and argues against assertions made in former military chief Wiranto's book about the riots, Witness in the Storm (2003).[28][29]
  • The IMF Game: The Role of the IMF in Bringing Down the Suharto Regime in May 1998 (2004).[30]
  • Wiranto Lepas Tangan: kesaksian Kivlan Zen dan Fadli Zon sekitar huru-hara Mei 1998(Wiranto Washes His Hands: Testimony of Kivlan Zen and Fadli Zon concerning the Mat 1998 riots) (2004). Co-authored with Kivlan Zen.[31]
  • Hari terakhir Kartosoewirjo: 81 foto eksekusi Imam DI/TII (2012). Concerns the execution of Kartosuwirjo, a Darul Islam leader and revolutionary.[32]
  • Dreams I Keep: A Collection of Poems, 1983-1991 (2013).[33]
  • Menyusuri lorong waktu (Walking the Passage of Time) (2016). An autobiography.[34]
  • Keris Minangkabau (2016). Co-authored with Basuki Teguh Yuwono.[35]

References

  1. "Sejarah Partai Gerindra" (in Indonesian). Great Indonesia Movement Party. Retrieved 22 August 2017.
  2. "SK Kemenkumham M.HH-22.AH.11.01 tahun 2015" (PDF) (in Indonesian). Ministry of Law and Human Rights. Retrieved 22 August 2017.
  3. Faiz, Ahmad (13 January 2017). "Fadli Zon: Extra Hajj Quota Not Government Accomplishment". Tempo. Retrieved 22 August 2017.
  4. Ihsanudin (5 July 2017). "Fadli Zon Sebut Jokowi Intervensi Parpol soal "Presidential Threshold" - Kompas.com". KOMPAS.com (in Indonesian). Kompas. Retrieved 22 August 2017.
  5. "Fadli Zon Nilai Mendagri Berlebihan Sikapi Pengkritik Jokowi" (in Indonesian). VIVA. 12 May 2017. Retrieved 22 August 2017.
  6. "PROFIL Fadli Zon, SS, M.Sc". PT. Viva Media Baru. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
  7. "FADLI ZON, S.S., M.Sc". The House of Representatives of the Republic of Indonesia THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA. Sekretariat Jenderal DPR RI. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
  8. "Fadli Zon, dari Wartawan hingga Wakil Ketua DPR" (in Indonesian). Kompas. 2 October 2014. Retrieved 22 August 2017.
  9. "Profil Fadli Zon" (in Indonesian). Fadli Zon. Retrieved 22 August 2017.
  10. "Fadli Zon Library". Retrieved 22 August 2017.
  11. "Profil Fadli Zon" (in Indonesian). Merdeka. Retrieved 22 August 2017.
  12. Retaduari, Elza Astari (15 March 2017). "Wujud Keris 'Raja' Milik Fadli Zon yang Dipamerkan di DPR". detiknews (in Indonesian). Detik. Retrieved 22 August 2017.
  13. Ratomo, Unggul Tri. "Fadli Zon Terpilih Jadi Ketua Umum Perkerisan Nasional Indonesia" (in Indonesian). Kompas. Retrieved 22 August 2017.
  14. "Laporan Penghitungan Suara Pileg 2009" (PDF) (in Indonesian). General Elections Commission. p. 50. Retrieved 22 August 2017.
  15. Iskandar, Sherly (11 November 2014). "Deklarasi Koalisi Merah Putih DKI, PKS teriak Prabowo presiden!" (in Indonesian). Merdeka. Retrieved 22 August 2017.
  16. Parlina, Ina (13 October 2014). "Groups press ahead to challenge controversial Pilkada Law". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 22 August 2017.
  17. Putra, Putu Merta Surya (26 November 2014). "Fadli Zon: 3 Kali Tak Datang ke DPR, Menteri Bisa Dipanggil Paksa" (in Indonesian). Liputan6. Retrieved 22 August 2017.
  18. Perdani, Yuliasri (1 November 2014). "Gerindra lends support to Jokowi critic". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 22 August 2017.
  19. Arnaz, Farouk (18 November 2014). "Fadli Zon: Kenaikan BBM Menyengsarakan Rakyat" (in Indonesian). BeritaSatu. Retrieved 22 August 2017.
  20. Michaels, Samantha (22 September 2015). "How a Donald Trump hat got two Indonesian politicians in deep trouble". Mother Jones. Retrieved 22 August 2017.
  21. Ihsanuddin (19 October 2015). "MKD Putuskan Novanto-Fadli Langgar Kode Etik Ringan" (in Indonesian). Kompas. Retrieved 22 August 2017.
  22. "Fadli Zon to Lead Global Graft-Fighting Forum for Lawmakers". Jakarta Globe. 8 October 2015. Retrieved 22 August 2017.
  23. Stefanie, Christie (18 December 2015). "Fadli Zon Jadi Pelaksana Tugas Ketua DPR" (in Indonesian). CNN Indonesia. Retrieved 22 August 2017.
  24. Tashandra, Nabilla (30 November 2016). "Setya Novanto Dilantik Jadi Ketua DPR Tanpa Dihadiri Ade Komarudin" (in Indonesian). Kompas. Retrieved 22 August 2017.
  25. Sasongko, Joko Panji (11 December 2017). "Fadli Zon Resmi Jadi Plt Ketua DPR Gantikan Setnov". CNN Indonesia (in Indonesian). Retrieved 11 December 2017.
  26. Rahma, Andita (13 March 2018). "Fahri Hamzah, Fadli Zon Face Lawsuit For Allegedly Spread Hoax". Tempo.co. Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  27. Sasongko, Joko Panji (13 March 2018). "Gerindra Beri Bantuan Hukum ke Fadli Zon Soal Cuitan MCA". CNN Indonesia. Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  28. Fadli Zon (2004). The Politics of the May 1998 Riots. Solstice Pub. ISBN 978-979-97964-8-6.
  29. Wiranto (2003). Witness in the storm: a memoir of an Army General (ret). Delta Pustaka Express. ISBN 978-979-97721-2-1.
  30. Fadli Zon (1 January 2004). The IMF Game: The Role of the IMF in Bringing Down the Suharto Regime in May 1998. Institute for Policy Studies. ISBN 978-979-95388-3-3.
  31. Kivlan Zen; Fadli Zon (2004). Wiranto lepas tangan: kesaksian Kivlan Zen dan Fadli Zon sekitar huru-hara Mei 1998. s.n.
  32. Fadli Zon (2012). Hari terakhir Kartosoewirjo: 81 foto eksekusi Imam DI/TII. Fadli Zon Library. ISBN 978-602-99458-4-3.
  33. Fadli Zon (2013). Dreams i Keep: A Collection of Poems, 1983-1991. Fadli Zon Library. ISBN 978-602-7898-03-5.
  34. Fadli Zon (2016). Menyusuri lorong waktu. Fadli Zon Library. ISBN 978-602-7898-12-7.
  35. Basuki Teguh Yuwono; Fadli Zon (2016). Keris Minangkabau. ISBN 978-602-7898-10-3.