Fairview (Irish: Fionnradharc) is a coastal suburb of Dublin in Ireland, in the jurisdiction of Dublin City Council. Part of the area forms Fairview Park, a recreational amenity laid-out on land reclaimed from the sea.
Fairview pictured from the pedestrian bridge, with the park located to the right
|Local authority||Dublin City Council|
|Elevation||4 m (13 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+0 (WET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-1 (IST (WEST))|
Modern day Fairview is a popular inner suburb of Dublin that stretches north east from the Tolka River to Clontarf Rd DART Station along Fairview Park to the south, and along the redbrick Victorian part of Philipsburgh Ave to the North. It is bounded by Marino which was developed in 1924 in the area of Fairview on estate lands of Lord Charlemont. St Vincent's Hospital Fairview lands and Drumcondra are to the west.
Fairview is reached on a main road artery from Dublin city via North Strand, which continues on as the Malahide, Howth and Clontarf Roads. It is served by the Clontarf Road DART station. The area can also be reached by way of several Dublin Bus routes from the city centre, including 14, 15, 27/ABNX, 29A/N, 31/B, 32/ABX, 42/N, 43, 123, and 130. It is close to the segregated cycle path that goes from Clontarf to Sutton, which will be extended through Fairview to the city centre in 2021/2022.
Name and history
Until the end of the 18th century, the area was known as Ballybough, with many street signs still giving the Irish name of the area as Baile Bocht. The parish of Fairview was created in 1879, when it was separated from Clontarf, reputedly named for the local church, Our Lady of Fair View.
During the dissolution, the Cistercian monastery called St Mary's was given to Earl of Desmond. Around 1718, one of Dublin's earliest Jewish communities was established in the area, then known as Annadale. The community left the area, moving to the south side of the city, in the late 1800s and early 1900s. On Fairview Strand, near Luke Kelly bridge, is Dublin's oldest Jewish Cemetery, Ballybough Cemetery. The graveyard was built in 1718, with a mortuary chapel added in 1857 and contains more than 200 graves. The last burial there was in 1958. In 1787 the village was described as containing "very neat and elegant houses".
From the end of the 1700s, industries were established in the area, in particular the manufacture of flint glass. A factory near Ballybough Bridge made glass for Dublin Castle, and Chebsey's glass house produced a chandelier for the Irish Houses of Parliament with 1233 glass pieces. The density of such factories resulted in Factory Lane, which is now Esmonde Avenue. Fairview began to grow after the building of Annesley Bridge in 1797 opened up easy access to the land. Until 1797 there had been no crossing of the River Tolka below Ballybough Bridge.
Administratively, Fairview and Marino were part of the old townland of Clonturk, which also included Drumcondra.
Fairview Strand was formally known as Owen Roe Terrace and Philipsburgh Strand. Philipsburgh Avenue was called Ellison's or Ellis's Lane. Annadale House was located in an estate that now comprises Melrose Avenue, Lomond Avenue, Waverly Avenue, and Inverness Road. A number of Georgian houses have since be demolished including Mulberry Lodge, Pennyville, and Bushfield House. A Carmelite monastery once stood on Fairview Avenue, on the site of Fairview cinema.
From 1832 to 1909, 89 Fairview Strand was an Royal Irish Constabulary Barracks and the now demolished Erlington House was home to Thomas Erlington, and later the opera singer Josephine O'Brien. A burial area for those who died by suicide is thought to have been located at the boundary of Fairview and Ballybough, at the corner of Clonliffe Avenue and the Ballybough Road, and is cited as one of the inspirations for Bram Stoker's Dracula.
The main commercial areas are Fairview, a busy road alongside Fairview Park, and Fairview Strand, a narrower commercial and residential strip running from Edge's Corner around to Luke Kelly Bridge.
St Vincent's Hospital was founded by the Daughters of Charity in 1857. Located on the Richmond Road, it provides psychiatric services for the northeast quadrant of Dublin city.
|Area||20 hectares (0.20 km2)|
|Operated by||Office of Public Works|
Fairview Park (Irish: Páirc Fionnradharc) has playing fields, a children's playground and tree-lined walks. Originally a tidal mud flat which was used for land fill in the early 1900s, the park was developed in the late 1920s and bye laws were formally adopted by Dublin Corporation in 1934. The Tolka River runs right past the park, Clontarf Road DART station is located near the park, and across the railway line there is a 400-metre athletics track and a Comhaltas Ceoltóirí Éireann hall.
A memorial statue of Seán Russell was unveiled by Cumann Uaigheann Na Laochra Gael, in Fairview Park, September 1951. A new statue of him was erected in May 2009. The park also features a sculpture by Joe Moran, Family Unit 1. Alongside a number of other sites, Fairview Park was considered as a location for the Garden of Remembrance in the early 1970s.
Fairview Park was built on reclaimed land. It was temporarily reduced in size during the 2000s, due to the development of the Dublin Port Tunnel, the entrance to which is just beyond the old park perimeter. The park has now been restored. It contains two small playgrounds and a larger playground which includes a skate park. The park also contained a band stand, which was removed during the construction of the Port Tunnel.
A smaller park, Bram Stoker Park, is located in front of the Georgian terrace of Marino Crescent; both the park and the street are in a pocket of neighbouring Clontarf. Stoker was born in number 15 Marino Crescent.
- Flowers in Fairview Park
- Statue of Seán Russell
- Fairview Park playground
- Eastern side of Fairview Park
A Garda Síochána station is located in nearby Clontarf and a Dublin Fire Brigade and ambulance station is located just across the Tolka, at Annesley Bridge. A credit union is located on Fairview Strand, and a Post Office on Marino Mart. Dublin City Libraries have a branch on the main road in Fairview.
Past pupils of St. Joseph's Secondary C.B.S., Fairview include former Taoiseach, Charles Haughey. The secondary school Marino College is in nearby Marino. St. Marys national school for girls is close to Richmond Road.
Fairview is in the administrative area of Dublin City Council. It lies in the Dublin North Central Dáil constituency and the Clontarf Local Electoral Area for city council elections. It is served by the Fairview Residents Association.
Fairview is a parish in the Fingal South East deanery of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Dublin. It is served by the Church of Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Fairview Hall is a Gospel Hall at 13 Annesley Bridge Road, and is part of the Gospel Hall Brethren local assembly.
- Cathal Brugha, revolutionary and politician, born at 13 Richmond Avenue.
- Brendan Cauldwell, actor.
- Éamonn Ceannt, one of the seven signatories of the Proclamation of the Irish Republic, lived at 23 Fairview Avenue.
- Kathleen and Tom Clarke, lived at 31 Richmond Avenue.
- Sean Connolly, captain in the Irish Citizen Army and Abbey Theatre actor, lived at 108 Philipsburgh Avenue.
- Ned Daly, Irish revolutionary
- Larry Gogan, broadcaster.
- Cathal Goulding, Irish republican, lived at 15 Cadogan Road.
- Rosie Hackett, actively involved in the trade union movement, 1913 Lockout and 1916 Rising, lived in Fairview.
- Frank Henderson, captain in the Irish Volunteers.
- George Henry Kinahan, geologist, lived at Woodlands, Philipsburgh Avenue.
- Charles Lever, writer, lived on Philipsburgh Avenue.
- Charles Lucas, the patriot physician, lived at Pennyville.
- James Joyce, lived at a number of addresses in Fairview between 1896 and 1901.
- Thomas McDonagh, one of the seven signatories of the Proclamation of the Irish Republic, lived at Woodlands, Philipsburgh Avenue.
- Seán Óg Ó Ceallacháin, broadcaster and former Gaelic footballer and hurler.
- Fred O'Donovan, theatre and radio producer
- Maureen Potter, actress, singer and performer, grew up on St. Joseph's Terrace, off Philipsburgh Avenue.
- Maureen Toal, stage and television actress.
- Fairview Placenames Database of Ireland. retrieved: 2011-05-23.
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- History of Fairview and Marino Archived 2011-07-10 at the Wayback Machine
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- Ordnance Survey of Ireland maps, 1847 and 1913
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- Official parish website
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