Far East

The Far East was a European[1] term to refer to the geographical regions that includes East and Southeast Asia as well as the Russian Far East to a lesser extent.[2] The Indian subcontinent is sometimes also included for economic and cultural reasons.[3]

Far East
Location of the Far East, geographically defined.
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese遠東
Simplified Chinese远东
Literal meaningFar East
Burmese name
Burmeseအရှေ့ဖျား ဒေသ
IPA[ʔəʃḛbjá dèθa̰]
Vietnamese name
Vietnamese alphabetViễn Đông
Chữ Hán遠東
Thai name
Thaiตะวันออกไกล
Tawan-oak klai
Korean name
Hangul극동
Hanja極東
Mongolian name
Mongolian CyrillicАлс Дорнод
Als Dornod
Japanese name
Kanji極東
Hiraganaきょくとう
Katakanaキョクトウ
Malay name
Malayتيمور جاءوه
Timur Jauh
Indonesian name
IndonesianTimur Jauh
Filipino name
TagalogSilanganan (poetic)
Malayong Silangan (literal)
Tamil name
Tamilதூர கிழக்கு
Tūra Kiḻakku
Portuguese name
PortugueseExtremo Oriente
Russian name
RussianДальний Восток
IPA: [ˈdalʲnʲɪj vɐˈstok]
RomanizationDál'niy Vostók
Lao name
Laoຕາເວັນອອກໄກ
Taven-oak kai
Khmer name
Khmerចុងបូព៌ា
Chong Bopea
Tetum name
TetumDok Lorosa'e

The term first came into use in European geopolitical discourse in the 15th century, particularly the British, denoting the Far East as the "farthest" of the three "Easts", beyond the Near East and the Middle East.[4] Likewise, during the Qing dynasty of the 19th and early 20th centuries, the term "Tàixī (泰西)" – i.e., anything further west than the Arab world – was used to refer to the Western countries.

Since the mid-20th century, the term has mostly gone out of use for the region in international mass media outlets due to its eurocentric connotations.[5][6][7] The Russian Far East is often excluded due to cultural and ethnic differences, and is often considered as part of North Asia or Siberia instead.[8]


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