Fars Province

Fars Province (/fɑːrs/; Persian: استان فارس, Ostān-e Fārs, pronounced [ˈfɒː(ɾ)s]), also known as Pars (پارس, Pārs) as well as Persis and Persia,[5] is one of the thirty-one provinces of Iran. With an area of 122,400 km², it is located in Iran's southwest, in Region 2,[6] and its administrative center is Shiraz. As of 2011, Fars had a population of 4.6 million people, of which 67.6% were registered as urban dwellers (urban/suburbs), 32.1% villagers (small town/rural), and 0.3% nomad tribes.[7]

Fars Province
استان فارس
Clockwise from top right: The Tomb of Cyrus the Great in Pasargadae, Arg of Karim Khan in Shiraz, a canola field in Alamarvdasht, Bishapur valley, Naqsh-e Rostam, and ruins of the Tachara in Persepolis.
Location of Fars within Iran
Coordinates: 29°37′30″N 52°31′54″E
Country Iran
RegionRegion 2
CapitalShiraz
Counties36
Government
  Governor-generalEnayatollah Rahimi
Area
  Total122,608 km2 (47,339 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)[1]
  Total4,851,274
  Estimate 
(2020)
5,051,000[2]
  Density40/km2 (100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+03:30 (IRST)
  Summer (DST)UTC+04:30 (IRST)
Area code(s)071
Main language(s)Persian
Qashqai
Luri[3][4]
Dialects of Fars
Fars Province Historical population
YearPop.±%
20064,336,878    
20114,596,658+6.0%
20164,851,274+5.5%
amar.org.ir

Fars is the historical homeland of the Persian people.[8][9] It was the homeland of the Achaemenid and Sasanian Persian dynasties of Iran, who reigned on the throne by the time of the ancient Persian Empires. The ruins of the Achaemenid capitals Pasargadae and Persepolis, among others, demonstrate the ancient history of the region. Due to the historical importance of this region, the entire country has historically been also referred to as Persia in the West.[9][10] Prior to Arab rule, this region was known as Pars.[11]