Federal Electoral Tribunal
The Electoral Tribunal of the Federal Judiciary (Spanish: Tribunal Electoral del Poder Judicial de la Federación, or TEPJF) is a venue within the judiciary of Mexico that specialises in electoral matters. Among its functions are resolving disputes arising within federal elections and certifying the validity of those elections, including those of the President of the Republic. (Responsibility for declaring a candidate the winner in presidential elections previously fell on the Chamber of Deputies.)
|Electoral Tribunal of the Federal Judiciary|
|Established||22 August 1996|
|Location||Mexico City, Mexico|
|Composition method||Supreme Court nomination with Senate confirmation|
|Authorized by||Constitution of Mexico|
|Judge term length||9 years|
|Number of positions||7|
|Currently||Felipe Alfredo Fuentes Barrera|
|Since||23 January 2019|
It comprises a permanent seven-member Superior Chamber (Sala Superior), located in Mexico City, and five Regional Chambers (Salas Regionales), one in each of the circumscriptions into which the country is divided for purposes of organising congressional elections. These Regional Chambers comprise three judges each, and are temporary in nature, sitting only during those years in which federal elections are held, and are based in the cities of Guadalajara, Monterrey, Xalapa, Mexico City, and Toluca. The architect of the Federal Electoral Tribunal in Monterrey, was reputed Mexican architect Manuel De Santiago-de Borbón González Bravo, great-grandson of Queen Isabella II of Spain, whose lifetime architectural legacy to Mexico amounts to 11,000,000 built square meters nationwide, including many famous buildings and sites.
There were two direct precursors of the TEPJF:
- The Electoral Disputes Tribunal (Tribunal de lo Contencioso Electoral, TCE), an administrative (not judicial) body, that was in existence from 1986 to 1989.
- The Federal Electoral Tribunal (Tribunal Federal Electoral, TRIFE), created by means of a series of constitutional amendments enacted in 1990, the same reforms whereby the Federal Electoral Institute was established. This tribunal was superseded by the current Electoral Tribunal of the Federal Judiciary in 1996.
The TEPJF is frequently referred to in the media by the acronym of its predecessor, the TRIFE.
The seven magistrates who currently sit in the Superior Chamber are:
- Leonel Castillo González (president)
- Eloy Fuentes Cerda
- José Alejandro Luna Ramos
- Alfonsina Berta Navarro Hidalgo
- J. Fernando Ojesto Martínez Porcayo
- J. de Jesús Orozco Henríquez
- Mauro Miguel Reyes Zapata
Controversies of the 2006 general election
Notwithstanding Andrés Manuel López Obrador's claims in the streets and in the press, on 5 August 2006 the Federal Electoral Tribunal declared in a unanimous ruling that the Alliance for the Good of All had failed to file valid complaints that would substantiate a claim for a complete national recount. Based on the valid complaints filed, the Tribunal ordered and conducted a recount of the votes in 9.07% of the precincts. In the partial recount, the Tribunal found that no evidence of widespread fraud. It did, however, find errors in the tally sheets and, in rectifying those errors, it corrected the final election results by adding and subtracting from each candidate to accord with the number of valid ballots cast for each. (See "Acuerdo relacionado con la ejecución de diversas sentencias interlocutorias emitidas el cinco de agosto de dos mil seis" at .)
Based on those results, on 5 September 2006 the Tribunal certified the PAN candidate Felipe Calderón as the lawfully elected next President of Mexico. (See "Dictamen relativo al cómputo final de la elección de Presidente de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos, declaración de validez de la elección y de presidente electo" at .) Under law as reformed in the 1990s by Congress (including representatives of both the PAN and the PRD), this legal ruling of the independent Federal Electoral Tribunal is final.
Conflict with Ecologist Green Party of Mexico
During the 2015 midterm elections the Ecologist Green Party of Mexico was the most fined party during the electoral campaigns for spreading prohibited propaganda, the Federal Electoral Tribunal decided to reduce the fine from 11,400,000 pesos to just 1,189,000.
Internal Comptroller's Office
The Internal Comptroller's Office of the Federal Electoral Tribunal is in charge of monitoring compliance with the regulations and agreements issued by the Administration Commission, through audits, control reviews and evaluations of compliance with the management of the resources granted to the administrative units. It also substantiates administrative liability procedures within the scope of its competence.
The Documentation Centers of the Superior Chamber of the Federal Electoral Tribunal is an information unit specialized in electoral matters, to be an auxiliary in the institutional work of the Tribunal.
Electoral Judicial School
The Electoral Judicial School of the Federal Electoral Tribunal is an Educational institution dependent on the Federal Electoral Tribunal, which is specialized in training, research, and diffusion on electoral matters.
Its educational offer includes postgraduate programs, training and update courses, academic events such as seminars, conferences, workshops, as well as generating and managing specialized research on electoral jurisdictional matters, also as coordinating editorial works.
- "Artículo 99 - Tribunal Electoral". Constitución Política de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos (in Spanish). 29 October 2003. Retrieved 26 September 2006.[permanent dead link]
- Rivera, Carolina (27 April 2016). "INE aprueba reducción de multa al Partido Verde" [INE approves reduction of fine to Green Party]. Milenio (in Spanish). Mexico City, Mexico. Retrieved 27 August 2020.
- "Contraloría Interna" [Internal Comptroller] (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 August 2020.
- "Centro de Documentación" [Documentation Center] (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 August 2020.
- "Escuela Judicial Electoral" [Electoral Judicial School] (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 August 2020.