Federal electoral districts of Mexico


The federal electoral districts (Spanish: distritos electorales federales) of Mexico are the 300 constituencies or electoral districts into which Mexico is divided for the purpose of federal elections. Each district returns one federal deputy (diputado), who sits in the Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de Diputados), the lower house of the Federal Congress. An additional 200 deputies are elected by proportional representation from the five electoral regions.

Electoral districts are identified by Roman numerals and by federal entity (state or the Federal District). The number of electoral districts was set at 300 in 1979, when the number of seats in the Chamber of Deputies was increased from 196. The demarcation of the districts depends on the results of the previous electoral census, and adjustments to the 1979 districts were made in 1996 and 2005.

Irrespective of population, no state may be represented by fewer than two electoral districts. This is the case with Baja California Sur (population: 512,000), Campeche (population: 755,000) and Colima (population: 568,000), which, as a result, return more senators than deputies to Congress. The states with the most electoral districts are the state of México (population: 14 million), with 40, and Veracruz (population: 7.1 million), with 21. The Federal District, with a population of 8.8 million, has 27.

On 11 February 2005, the Federal Electoral Institute (now the National Electoral Institute) established the districts to be used in the 2006 general election and the 2009 mid-term election, in accordance with the following criteria:

  • Each district to belong to only one federal entity.
  • Balanced distribution of population between districts.
  • Presence of indigenous populations.
  • Geographical continuity.
  • Journey times.

Under this scheme, the current electoral districts are the following:

Electoral districts


The numbers indicate the number of districts in each federal entity for federal elections between 2006 and 2015.

Aguascalientes


Federal electoral districts of Aguascalientes in 2018

Baja California


Federal electoral districts of Baja California in 2018
  • At-large: 1857-1955
  • 1st district: 1955-present
  • 2nd district: 1955-present
  • 3rd district: 1961-present
  • 4th district: 1964-1967, 1979-present
  • 5th district: 1979-present
  • 6th district: 1979-present
  • 7th district: 2006-present
  • 8th district: 2006-present

Baja California Sur


Federal electoral districts of Baja California Sur in 2018

Campeche

DistrictHead town
I Federal Electoral District of CampecheCampeche
II Federal Electoral District of CampecheCiudad del Carmen

Chiapas

DistrictHead town
I Federal Electoral District of ChiapasPalenque
II Federal Electoral District of ChiapasBochil
III Federal Electoral District of ChiapasOcosingo
IV Federal Electoral District of ChiapasOcozocoautla de Espinosa
V Federal Electoral District of ChiapasSan Cristóbal de las Casas
VI Federal Electoral District of ChiapasTuxtla Gutiérrez
VII Federal Electoral District of ChiapasTonalá
VIII Federal Electoral District of ChiapasComitán
IX Federal Electoral District of ChiapasTuxtla Gutiérrez
X Federal Electoral District of ChiapasVillaflores
XI Federal Electoral District of ChiapasHuixtla
XII Federal Electoral District of ChiapasTapachula

Chihuahua

DistrictHead town
I Federal Electoral District of ChihuahuaCiudad Juárez
II Federal Electoral District of ChihuahuaCiudad Juárez
III Federal Electoral District of ChihuahuaCiudad Juárez
IV Federal Electoral District of ChihuahuaCiudad Juárez
V Federal Electoral District of ChihuahuaDelicias
VI Federal Electoral District of ChihuahuaChihuahua
VII Federal Electoral District of ChihuahuaCuauhtémoc
VIII Federal Electoral District of ChihuahuaChihuahua
IX Federal Electoral District of ChihuahuaHidalgo del Parral
X Federal Electoral District of ChihuahuaDefunct as of 1996

Coahuila

DistrictHead town
I Federal Electoral District of CoahuilaPiedras Negras
II Federal Electoral District of CoahuilaSan Pedro de las Colonias
III Federal Electoral District of CoahuilaMonclova
IV Federal Electoral District of CoahuilaSaltillo
V Federal Electoral District of CoahuilaTorreón
VI Federal Electoral District of CoahuilaTorreón
VII Federal Electoral District of CoahuilaSaltillo

Colima

DistrictHead town
I Federal Electoral District of ColimaColima
II Federal Electoral District of ColimaManzanillo

Distrito Federal

DistrictHead town
I Federal Electoral District of the Federal DistrictGustavo A. Madero
II Federal Electoral District of the Federal DistrictGustavo A. Madero
III Federal Electoral District of the Federal DistrictAzcapotzalco
IV Federal Electoral District of the Federal DistrictIztapalapa
V Federal Electoral District of the Federal DistrictTlalpan
VI Federal Electoral District of the Federal DistrictGustavo A. Madero
VII Federal Electoral District of the Federal DistrictGustavo A. Madero
VIII Federal Electoral District of the Federal DistrictCuauhtémoc
IX Federal Electoral District of the Federal DistrictVenustiano Carranza
X Federal Electoral District of the Federal DistrictMiguel Hidalgo
XI Federal Electoral District of the Federal DistrictVenustiano Carranza
XII Federal Electoral District of the Federal DistrictCuauhtémoc
XIII Federal Electoral District of the Federal DistrictIztacalco
XIV Federal Electoral District of the Federal DistrictTlalpan
XV Federal Electoral District of the Federal DistrictBenito Juárez
XVI Federal Electoral District of the Federal DistrictÁlvaro Obregón
XVII Federal Electoral District of the Federal DistrictCuajimalpa de Morelos
XVIII Federal Electoral District of the Federal DistrictIztapalapa
XIX Federal Electoral District of the Federal DistrictIztapalapa
XX Federal Electoral District of the Federal DistrictIztapalapa
XXI Federal Electoral District of the Federal DistrictMilpa Alta
XXII Federal Electoral District of the Federal DistrictIztapalapa
XXIII Federal Electoral District of the Federal DistrictCoyoacán
XXIV Federal Electoral District of the Federal DistrictCoyoacán
XXV Federal Electoral District of the Federal DistrictXochimilco
XXVI Federal Electoral District of the Federal DistrictLa Magdalena Contreras
XXVII Federal Electoral District of the Federal DistrictTláhuac
XXVIII Federal Electoral District of the Federal DistrictDefunct as of 2005
XXIX Federal Electoral District of the Federal DistrictDefunct as of 2005
XXX Federal Electoral District of the Federal DistrictDefunct as of 2005
XXXI Federal Electoral District of the Federal DistrictDefunct as of 1996
XXXII Federal Electoral District of the Federal DistrictDefunct as of 1996
XXXIII Federal Electoral District of the Federal DistrictDefunct as of 1996
XXXIV Federal Electoral District of the Federal DistrictDefunct as of 1996
XXXV Federal Electoral District of the Federal DistrictDefunct as of 1996
XXXVI Federal Electoral District of the Federal DistrictDefunct as of 1996
XXXVII Federal Electoral District of the Federal DistrictDefunct as of 1996
XXXVIII Federal Electoral District of the Federal DistrictDefunct as of 1996
XXXIX Federal Electoral District of the Federal DistrictDefunct as of 1996
XL Federal Electoral District of the Federal DistrictDefunct as of 1996

Durango

DistrictHead town
I Federal Electoral District of DurangoDurango
II Federal Electoral District of DurangoGómez Palacio
III Federal Electoral District of DurangoGuadalupe Victoria
IV Federal Electoral District of DurangoDurango
V Federal Electoral District of DurangoDefunct as of 2005
VI Federal Electoral District of DurangoDefunct as of 1996

Guanajuato

DistrictHead town
I Federal Electoral District of GuanajuatoSan Luis de la Paz
II Federal Electoral District of GuanajuatoSan Miguel de Allende
III Federal Electoral District of GuanajuatoLeón
IV Federal Electoral District of GuanajuatoGuanajuato
V Federal Electoral District of GuanajuatoLeón
VI Federal Electoral District of GuanajuatoLeón
VII Federal Electoral District of GuanajuatoSan Francisco del Rincón
VIII Federal Electoral District of GuanajuatoSalamanca
IX Federal Electoral District of GuanajuatoIrapuato
X Federal Electoral District of GuanajuatoUriangato
XI Federal Electoral District of GuanajuatoPénjamo
XII Federal Electoral District of GuanajuatoCelaya
XIII Federal Electoral District of GuanajuatoValle de Santiago
XIV Federal Electoral District of GuanajuatoAcámbaro
XV Federal Electoral District of GuanajuatoDefunct as of 2005

Guerrero

DistrictHead town
I Federal Electoral District of GuerreroCiudad Altamirano
II Federal Electoral District of GuerreroIguala
III Federal Electoral District of GuerreroZihuatanejo
IV Federal Electoral District of GuerreroAcapulco
V Federal Electoral District of GuerreroTlapa de Comonfort
VI Federal Electoral District of GuerreroChilapa de Álvarez
VII Federal Electoral District of GuerreroChilpancingo
VIII Federal Electoral District of GuerreroAyutla de los Libres
IX Federal Electoral District of GuerreroAcapulco
X Federal Electoral District of GuerreroDefunct as of 2005

Hidalgo

DistrictHead town
I Federal Electoral District of HidalgoHuejutla
II Federal Electoral District of HidalgoIxmiquilpan
III Federal Electoral District of HidalgoActopan
IV Federal Electoral District of HidalgoTulancingo
V Federal Electoral District of HidalgoTula
VI Federal Electoral District of HidalgoPachuca
VII Federal Electoral District of HidalgoTepeapulco

Jalisco

DistrictHead town
I Federal Electoral District of JaliscoTequila
II Federal Electoral District of JaliscoLagos de Moreno
III Federal Electoral District of JaliscoTepatitlán
IV Federal Electoral District of JaliscoZapopan
V Federal Electoral District of JaliscoPuerto Vallarta
VI Federal Electoral District of JaliscoZapopan
VII Federal Electoral District of JaliscoTonalá
VIII Federal Electoral District of JaliscoGuadalajara
IX Federal Electoral District of JaliscoGuadalajara
X Federal Electoral District of JaliscoZapopan
XI Federal Electoral District of JaliscoGuadalajara
XII Federal Electoral District of JaliscoTlajomulco de Zúñiga
XIII Federal Electoral District of JaliscoGuadalajara
XIV Federal Electoral District of JaliscoGuadalajara
XV Federal Electoral District of JaliscoLa Barca
XVI Federal Electoral District of JaliscoTlaquepaque
XVII Federal Electoral District of JaliscoJocotepec
XVIII Federal Electoral District of JaliscoAutlán de Navarro
XIX Federal Electoral District of JaliscoCiudad Guzmán

State of México

DistrictHead town
I Federal Electoral District of the State of MexicoJilotepec
II Federal Electoral District of the State of MexicoTeoloyucan
III Federal Electoral District of the State of MexicoAtlacomulco
IV Federal Electoral District of the State of MexicoCiudad Nicolás Romero
V Federal Electoral District of the State of MexicoTeotihuacán
VI Federal Electoral District of the State of MexicoCoacalco
VII Federal Electoral District of the State of MexicoCuautitlán Izcalli
VIII Federal Electoral District of the State of MexicoTultitlán
IX Federal Electoral District of the State of MexicoIxtlahuaca
X Federal Electoral District of the State of MexicoEcatepec
XI Federal Electoral District of the State of MexicoEcatepec
XII Federal Electoral District of the State of MexicoIxtapaluca
XIII Federal Electoral District of the State of MexicoEcatepec
XIV Federal Electoral District of the State of MexicoCiudad López Mateos
XV Federal Electoral District of the State of MexicoTlalnepantla de Baz
XVI Federal Electoral District of the State of MexicoEcatepec
XVII Federal Electoral District of the State of MexicoEcatepec
XVIII Federal Electoral District of the State of MexicoHuixquilucan
XIX Federal Electoral District of the State of MexicoTlalnepantla de Baz
XX Federal Electoral District of the State of MexicoCiudad Nezahualcóyotl
XXI Federal Electoral District of the State of MexicoNaucalpan
XXII Federal Electoral District of the State of MexicoNaucalpan
XXIII Federal Electoral District of the State of MexicoValle de Bravo
XXIV Federal Electoral District of the State of MexicoNaucalpan
XXV Federal Electoral District of the State of MexicoChimalhuacán
XXVI Federal Electoral District of the State of MexicoToluca
XXVII Federal Electoral District of the State of MexicoMetepec
XXVIII Federal Electoral District of the State of MexicoZumpango
XXIX Federal Electoral District of the State of MexicoCiudad Nezahualcóyotl
XXX Federal Electoral District of the State of MexicoCiudad Nezahualcóyotl
XXXI Federal Electoral District of the State of MexicoCiudad Nezahualcóyotl
XXXII Federal Electoral District of the State of MexicoValle de Chalco Solidaridad
XXXIII Federal Electoral District of the State of MexicoChalco
XXXIV Federal Electoral District of the State of MexicoToluca
XXXV Federal Electoral District of the State of MexicoTenancingo
XXXVI Federal Electoral District of the State of MexicoTejupilco
XXXVII Federal Electoral District of the State of MexicoCuautitlán
XXXVIII Federal Electoral District of the State of MexicoTexcoco
XXXIX Federal Electoral District of the State of MexicoLa Paz
XL Federal Electoral District of the State of MexicoZinacantepec

Michoacán

DistrictHead town
I Federal Electoral District of MichoacánLázaro Cárdenas
II Federal Electoral District of MichoacánPuruándiro
III Federal Electoral District of MichoacánZitácuaro
IV Federal Electoral District of MichoacánJiquilpan
V Federal Electoral District of MichoacánZamora de Hidalgo
VI Federal Electoral District of MichoacánCiudad Hidalgo
VII Federal Electoral District of MichoacánZacapú
VIII Federal Electoral District of MichoacánMorelia
IX Federal Electoral District of MichoacánUruapan
X Federal Electoral District of MichoacánMorelia
XI Federal Electoral District of MichoacánPátzcuaro
XII Federal Electoral District of MichoacánApatzingán
XIII Federal Electoral District of MichoacánDefunct as of 2005

Morelos

DistrictHead town
I Federal Electoral District of MorelosCuernavaca
II Federal Electoral District of MorelosJiutepec
III Federal Electoral District of MorelosCuautla
IV Federal Electoral District of MorelosJojutla
V Federal Electoral District of MorelosYautepec

Nayarit

DistrictHead town
I Federal Electoral District of NayaritSantiago Ixcuintla
II Federal Electoral District of NayaritTepic
III Federal Electoral District of NayaritCompostela

Nuevo León

DistrictHead town
I Federal Electoral District of Nuevo LeónSanta Catarina
II Federal Electoral District of Nuevo LeónApodaca
III Federal Electoral District of Nuevo LeónGeneral Escobedo
IV Federal Electoral District of Nuevo LeónSan Nicolás de los Garza
V Federal Electoral District of Nuevo LeónMonterrey
VI Federal Electoral District of Nuevo LeónMonterrey
VII Federal Electoral District of Nuevo LeónMonterrey
VIII Federal Electoral District of Nuevo LeónGuadalupe
IX Federal Electoral District of Nuevo LeónLinares
X Federal Electoral District of Nuevo LeónMonterrey
XI Federal Electoral District of Nuevo LeónGuadalupe
XII Federal Electoral District of Nuevo LeónCadereyta de Jiménez

Oaxaca

DistrictHead town
I Federal Electoral District of OaxacaTuxtepec
II Federal Electoral District of OaxacaTeotitlán del Camino
III Federal Electoral District of OaxacaHuajuapan de León
IV Federal Electoral District of OaxacaTlacolula de Matamoros
V Federal Electoral District of OaxacaSanto Domingo Tehuantepec
VI Federal Electoral District of OaxacaHeroica Ciudad de Tlaxiaco
VII Federal Electoral District of OaxacaJuchitán de Zaragoza
VIII Federal Electoral District of OaxacaOaxaca de Juárez
IX Federal Electoral District of OaxacaZimatlán de Álvarez
X Federal Electoral District of OaxacaMiahuatlán de Porfirio Díaz
XI Federal Electoral District of OaxacaSantiago Pinotepa Nacional

Puebla

DistrictHead town
I Federal Electoral District of PueblaHuauchinango
II Federal Electoral District of PueblaZacatlán
III Federal Electoral District of PueblaTeziutlán
IV Federal Electoral District of PueblaZacapoaxtla
V Federal Electoral District of PueblaSan Martín Texmelucan
VI Federal Electoral District of PueblaPuebla de Zaragoza
VII Federal Electoral District of PueblaTepeaca
VIII Federal Electoral District of PueblaCiudad Serdán
IX Federal Electoral District of PueblaPuebla de Zaragoza
X Federal Electoral District of PueblaSan Pedro Cholula
XI Federal Electoral District of PueblaPuebla de Zaragoza
XII Federal Electoral District of PueblaPuebla de Zaragoza
XIII Federal Electoral District of PueblaAtlixco
XIV Federal Electoral District of PueblaIzúcar de Matamoros
XV Federal Electoral District of PueblaTehuacán
XVI Federal Electoral District of PueblaAjalpan

Querétaro

DistrictHead town
I Federal Electoral District of QuerétaroCadereyta de Montes
II Federal Electoral District of QuerétaroSan Juan del Río
III Federal Electoral District of QuerétaroSantiago de Querétaro
IV Federal Electoral District of QuerétaroSantiago de Querétaro

Quintana Roo

DistrictHead town
I Federal Electoral District of Quintana RooPlaya del Carmen
II Federal Electoral District of Quintana RooChetumal
III Federal Electoral District of Quintana RooCancún

San Luis Potosí

DistrictHead town
I Federal Electoral District of San Luis PotosíMatehuala
II Federal Electoral District of San Luis PotosíSoledad de Graciano Sánchez
III Federal Electoral District of San Luis PotosíRioverde
IV Federal Electoral District of San Luis PotosíCiudad Valles
V Federal Electoral District of San Luis PotosíSan Luis Potosí
VI Federal Electoral District of San Luis PotosíSan Luis Potosí
VII Federal Electoral District of San Luis PotosíTamazunchale

Sinaloa

DistrictHead town
I Federal Electoral District of SinaloaEl Fuerte
II Federal Electoral District of SinaloaLos Mochis
III Federal Electoral District of SinaloaGuamúchil
IV Federal Electoral District of SinaloaGuasave
V Federal Electoral District of SinaloaCuliacán
VI Federal Electoral District of SinaloaMazatlán
VII Federal Electoral District of SinaloaCuliacán
VIII Federal Electoral District of SinaloaMazatlán
IX Federal Electoral District of SinaloaDefunct

Sonora

DistrictHead town
I Federal Electoral District of SonoraSan Luis Río Colorado
II Federal Electoral District of SonoraNogales
III Federal Electoral District of SonoraHermosillo
IV Federal Electoral District of SonoraGuaymas
V Federal Electoral District of SonoraHermosillo
VI Federal Electoral District of SonoraCiudad Obregón
VII Federal Electoral District of SonoraNavojoa

Tabasco

DistrictHead town
I Federal Electoral District of TabascoMacuspana
II Federal Electoral District of TabascoHeroica Cárdenas
III Federal Electoral District of TabascoComalcalco
IV Federal Electoral District of TabascoVillahermosa
V Federal Electoral District of TabascoParaíso
VI Federal Electoral District of TabascoVillahermosa

Tamaulipas

DistrictHead town
I Federal Electoral District of TamaulipasNuevo Laredo
II Federal Electoral District of TamaulipasReynosa
III Federal Electoral District of TamaulipasRío Bravo
IV Federal Electoral District of TamaulipasHeroica Matamoros
V Federal Electoral District of TamaulipasCiudad Victoria
VI Federal Electoral District of TamaulipasCiudad Mante
VII Federal Electoral District of TamaulipasCiudad Madero
VIII Federal Electoral District of TamaulipasTampico

Tlaxcala

DistrictHead town
I Federal Electoral District of TlaxcalaApizaco
II Federal Electoral District of TlaxcalaTlaxcala de Xicohténcatl
III Federal Electoral District of TlaxcalaZacatelco

Veracruz

DistrictHead town
I Federal Electoral District of VeracruzPánuco
II Federal Electoral District of VeracruzTantoyuca
III Federal Electoral District of VeracruzTuxpan
IV Federal Electoral District of VeracruzVeracruz
V Federal Electoral District of VeracruzPoza Rica de Hidalgo
VI Federal Electoral District of VeracruzPapantla
VII Federal Electoral District of VeracruzMartínez de la Torre
VIII Federal Electoral District of VeracruzXalapa
IX Federal Electoral District of VeracruzCoatepec
X Federal Electoral District of VeracruzXalapa
XI Federal Electoral District of VeracruzCoatzacoalcos
XII Federal Electoral District of VeracruzVeracruz
XIII Federal Electoral District of VeracruzHuatusco
XIV Federal Electoral District of VeracruzMinatitlán
XV Federal Electoral District of VeracruzOrizaba
XVI Federal Electoral District of VeracruzCórdoba
XVII Federal Electoral District of VeracruzCosamaloapan
XVIII Federal Electoral District of VeracruzZongolica
XIX Federal Electoral District of VeracruzSan Andrés Tuxtla
XX Federal Electoral District of VeracruzAcayucan
XXI Federal Electoral District of VeracruzCosoleacaque
XXII Federal Electoral District of VeracruzDefunct as of 2005
XXIII Federal Electoral District of VeracruzDefunct as of 2005

Yucatán

DistrictHead town
I Federal Electoral District of YucatánValladolid
II Federal Electoral District of YucatánProgreso
III Federal Electoral District of YucatánMérida
IV Federal Electoral District of YucatánMérida
V Federal Electoral District of YucatánTicul

Zacatecas

DistrictHead town
I Federal Electoral District of ZacatecasFresnillo
II Federal Electoral District of ZacatecasJerez
III Federal Electoral District of ZacatecasZacatecas
IV Federal Electoral District of ZacatecasGuadalupe
V Federal Electoral District of ZacatecasDefunct as of 2005

See also