Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina[lower-alpha 1] is one of the two entities that compose the State of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the other being Republika Srpska. The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina consists of 10 autonomous cantons with their own governments and legislatures.

Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Federacija Bosne i Hercegovine
Федерација Босне и Херцеговине
Location of the Federation of Bosnia and
Herzegovina (red) within Bosnia and Herzegovina.a
Country Bosnia and Herzegovina
Washington Agreement18 March 1994
Recognized as
part of Bosnia
and Herzegovina
14 December 1995
Capital
and largest city
Sarajevo
43°52′N 18°25′E
Official
languages
[1]
Ethnic groups
(2013)
GovernmentFederated state
 President
Marinko Čavara
Fadil Novalić
LegislatureParliament
House of Peoples
House of Representatives
Area
 Total
26,110.5 km2 (10,081.3 sq mi)
Population
 2013 census
2,219,220[2]
 Density
91/km2 (235.7/sq mi)
CurrencyConvertible markb (BAM)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST)
UTC+02:00
Calling code+387
a Formally, Brčko District is held in condominium by both parts of Bosnia and Herzegovina (namely, the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska). De facto, however, it is a third entity, as it has the same powers as the Federation and Republika Srpska and is under the direct sovereignty of BiH.[3]
b Latin version

The Federation was created by the 1994 Washington Agreement, which ended the Croat–Bosniak war within the Bosnian war, and established a constituent assembly that continued its work until October 1996.

The Federation has a capital, government, president, parliament, customs and police departments and two postal systems. From 1996 until 2005 it had its own army, the Army of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, later merged in the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The capital and largest city is Sarajevo with 438,443 inhabitants,[4] out of a total population of 688,354 in its metropolitan area.