Ferdinand I of Austria

Ferdinand I (German: Ferdinand I. 19 April 1793 – 29 June 1875) was the Emperor of Austria from March 1835 until his abdication in December 1848. As ruler of Austria, he was also President of the German Confederation, King of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia (as Ferdinand V), King of Lombardy–Venetia and holder of many other lesser titles (see grand title of the Emperor of Austria). Due to his rocky, passive but well-intentioned character, he gained the sobriquet The Benign (German: Der Gütige) or The Benevolent (Czech: Ferdinand Dobrotivý, Polish: Ferdynand Dobrotliwy).[2]

Ferdinand I & V
Ferdinand I wearing the Order of the Golden Fleece (portrait by Leopold Kupelwieser, 1847)
Emperor of Austria
Reign2 March 1835 – 2 December 1848
Coronation7 September 1836, Prague (as king of Bohemia)
PredecessorFrancis I
SuccessorFranz Joseph I
Prime MinisterSee list
Head of the Präsidialmacht Austria
In office2 March 1835 – 1 May 1850
PredecessorFrancis I
SuccessorFranz Joseph I
King of Hungary
Reign28 September 1830 – 2 December 1848
Coronation28 September 1830, Pressburg
PredecessorFrancis I
SuccessorFranz Joseph I
Born(1793-04-19)19 April 1793
Vienna, Austria, Holy Roman Empire[1]
Died29 June 1875(1875-06-29) (aged 82)
Prague, Kingdom of Bohemia, Austria-Hungary[1]
(m. 1831; his death 1875)
German: Ferdinand Karl Leopold Joseph Franz Marcelin
English: Ferdinand Charles Leopold Joseph Francis Marcelin
FatherFrancis II, Holy Roman Emperor
MotherMaria Theresa of the Two Sicilies
ReligionRoman Catholicism

Ferdinand succeeded on the death of his father Francis II and I on 2 March 1835. He was incapable of ruling his empire because of a mental deficiency, so his father, before he died, made a will promulgating that Ferdinand should consult his uncle Archduke Louis on all aspects of internal policy and urged him to be influenced by Prince Metternich, Austria's Foreign Minister.[3]

Following the Revolutions of 1848, Ferdinand abdicated on 2 December 1848. He was succeeded by his nephew, Franz Joseph. Following his abdication, he lived in Hradčany Palace, Prague, until his death in 1875.[4]

Ferdinand married Maria Anna of Savoy, the sixth child of Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia. They had no children.