Ferencvárosi Torna Club, known as Ferencváros (Hungarian: [ˈfɛrɛnt͡svaːroʃ]), Fradi, or simply FTC, is a professional football club based in Ferencváros, Budapest, Hungary, that competes in the Nemzeti Bajnokság I, the top flight of Hungarian football. Ferencváros was founded in 1899 by Ferenc Springer and a group of local residents of Budapest's ninth district, Ferencváros. Ferencváros is best known internationally for winning the 1964–65 edition of the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup after defeating Juventus 1–0 in Turin in the final. Ferencváros also reached the final in the same competition in 1968, when they lost to Leeds United, as well as the final in the 1974–75 season of the European Cup Winners' Cup, losing to Dynamo Kyiv.
|Full name||Ferencvárosi Torna Club|
|Nickname(s)||Ferencváros, FTC and Fradi, Zöld Sasok (Green Eagles)|
zöld-fehérek (The green and whites)
|Founded||3 May 1899|
|Ground||Groupama Arena, Budapest|
|Head coach||Serhiy Rebrov|
|2020–21||NB I, 1st of 12 (champions)|
|Active departments of FTC|
The best-known part of the club is the well-supported men's football team – the most popular team in the country. The parent multisport club Ferencvárosi TC divisions include the women's football team, women's handball, men's futsal, men's ice hockey, men's handball, men's water polo, cycling, gymnastics, athletics, wrestling, curling and swimming teams, some of which are highly successful.
The club colours are green and white, and the club's mascot is a green eagle, hence another of the club's nicknames, The Green Eagles.
On 3 May 1899, Ferencvárosi TC was founded by citizens of the 9th district of Budapest. Ferencváros have played in the Nemzeti Bajnokság I since its inception in 1901, except for three seasons between 2006 and 2009. The club had financial problems therefore in 2006 the Hungarian Football Federation (MLSZ) withdrew the club's licence but this withdrawal was eventual deemed unauthorized. Following this, Fradi were promoted back to the first division in 2009.
Ferencváros are the most successful Hungarian team both domestically and internationally. They won the 1964–65 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup and have also won the Nemzeti Bajnokság I 32 times and the Magyar Kupa 23 times.
They qualified for the renewed Champions League, the first Hungarian Club to do so, in the 1995–1996 season. Since then, the club have also taken part in the 2004–05 UEFA Cup, 2019–20 Europa League, and 2020–21 Champions League group stages.
Crest and colours
The colours of the club are green and white.
- 1899–1950: Ferencvárosi Torna Club
- 1950–1951: ÉDOSZ SE
- 1951–1956: Kinizsi
- 1956–present: Ferencvárosi Torna Club
Kit suppliers and shirt sponsors
The following table shows in detail Ferencvárosi TC kit manufacturers and shirt sponsors by year:
|Period||Kit manufacturer||Shirt sponsor|
|2007–2008||Orangeways / Interwetten|
- Official Sport Clothing Manufacturer: Nike
- Main Diamond Sponsor: Groupama Garancia Insurance
- Diamond ranked sponsors: Fővárosi Csatornázási Művek, Szerencsejáték Zrt.
- Exclusive Partners: Provident, Budapest Gas Works Co., SEAT, Market Építőipari Zrt.
- Fradi Business Club members: Dover, BTel, Auguszt Confectionery, Endo Service, Raditech, HungestHotel, San Benedetto, GDF Suez, 'Nem adom fel' Foundation
The first stadium of the club started being built in the autumn of 1910. On 12 February 1911, Ferencváros played their first match against Budapest rival MTK Budapest which was won by the club. The starting line-up consisted of Fritz, Rumbold, Magnlitz, Weinber, Bródy, Payer, Szeitler, Weisz, Koródy, Schlosser, Borbás. The first stadium could host 40,000 spectators.
In 1971 the stands were demolished and a new stadium began to be built. The new stadium was inaugurated on the 75th anniversary of the club. On 19 May 1974, the first match was played against Vasas. The new stadium could host 29,505 spectators (including 10,771 seats and 18,734 standing). In the 1990s the stadium was redesigned to meet the UEFA requirements therefore its capacity was reduced to 18,100. When Ferencváros qualified for the 1995–96 UEFA Champions League group stage, a new journalist stand was built over the main stand.
On 21 December 2007, the stadium's name was changed from Üllői úti Stadion to Stadion Albert Flórián. Flórián Albert, the former Ferencváros icon, was present at the inauguration ceremony. There were many plans on how to increase the capacity of the stadium in case the Hungarian Football Federation won the bid for the UEFA Euro 2008 or the Euro 2012. However, the Federation did not win any bids therefore the reconstruction of the stadium was delayed.
When Kevin McCabe became the owner of the club the reconstruction was on schedule again. Later, McCabe sold his team to the Hungarian state and the reconstruction did not take place.
When Gábor Kubatov was elected as president of the club, he and Pál Orosz managed to raise enough funds for the construction of a new stadium. The new stadium was rotated by 90 degrees in order to meet UEFA requirements. Therefore, the main stand which was parallel to the Üllői út became parallel to the Hungária körút. As part of the national stadium reconstruction programme the new stadium was built between 2013 and 2014.
The stadium was designed by Ágnes Streit and Szabolcs Kormos and was built by Market Építő Zrt from 2013 to 2014. In the arena there can be found the Ferencváros Museum and a fan shop too. The stadium is cutting edge in its vein matching entrance system[further explanation needed]. On 10 August 2014, Ferencváros played the opening match against Chelsea.
Since the demolition of the Puskás Ferenc Stadion, Hungary play their home matches at the new arena because the new Puskás Ferenc Stadion will be opened around 2019. The national team celebrated the victory against Norway after a 2–1 win at the UEFA Euro 2016 qualifying play-off.
On 14 February 2008, Sheffield United public limited company chairman Kevin McCabe successfully acquired a tender to purchase Ferencváros. McCabe's Hungarian company, Esplanade Limited liability company bought Ferencváros' real estate for £8.45 million with a view to start paying off the £5 million debt. In April 2008, Ferencváros Torna Club officially agreed to sell the football club, Ferencváros Labdarúgó ZRt. to Esplanade Kft., McCabe's company in Hungary.
On 28 October 2014, Gábor Kubatov was re-elected to serve another four-year term as the president of the club.
Supporters and rivalries
Supporters of Ferencváros are mainly from the capital city of Hungary, Budapest. However, the club is popular all over Hungary.
Since the opening of the newly built Groupama Aréna, the spectators are scanned at the entrance. As a consequence, the main supporter group of the club, called B-közép, announced a boycott in 2014. Club chairman Kubatov said that he had wanted peace in the new stadium and the club had already paid a lot of fines and punishments due to the unacceptable behaviour of the B-közép. Kubatov had expected that the spectators could have been changed due to the new regulations. However, the number of spectators had not increased in the 2014–15 and 2015–16 seasons.
On 13 March 2016, 10,125 spectators watched the match between Ferencváros' second team against Csepel SC in the 2015–16 Nemzeti Bajnokság III season. The match was a protest by the B-közép to show how many spectators were missing from the Groupama Aréna.
On 24 March 2016, the representatives the B-közép started negotiations with club leader, Gabor Kubatov. As a results of negotiations they were allowed back to the stadium.
The fans have friendships with fans of Rapid Wien and Panathinaikos, and as all three play in Green the alliance is nicknamed the "Green Brothers". They also have friendly relations in Hungary with fans of Zalaegerszeg and in Poland with Śląsk Wrocław and Bałtyk Gdynia.
Ferencváros have rivalry with several teams from Budapest including MTK Budapest, Újpest, Budapest Honvéd and several provincial clubs such as Debrecen and Diósgyőr. Since Ferencváros has been the most successful club in Hungarian Football history by winning 31 Hungarian League titles, 21 Hungarian Cup titles and 2 Hungarian League Cup titles and the most successful Hungarian club in the European football competitions by winning the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup 1964–65 season every club in the Hungarian League wants to defeat them.
The biggest rivalry is with Újpest, which dates back to the 1930s when Újpest won their first Hungarian League title. Since then, the fixture between the two teams attracts the most spectators in the domestic league. The matches between the two teams often end in violence which causes big trouble for the Hungarian football. The proposal of personal registration was refused by both clubs.
The fixture between Ferencváros and MTK Budapest FC is called the Örökrangadó or Eternal derby. It is the oldest football rivalry in Hungary, which dates back as early as the 1903 season when Ferencváros first won the Hungarian League. In the following three decades either Ferencváros or MTK Budapest won the domestic league.
Honvéd are also considered fierce rivals as the clubs are in very close proximity to each other and in the past frequently competed for honours.
On 26 November 2002, the UEFA Control and Disciplinary Committee fined Ferencváros €18,300 for fireworks and hooliganism-related offences committed by the fans of Ferencváros before and after the 2002-03 UEFA Cup second tie against VfB Stuttgart on 12 November 2002.
In 2004, Ferencváros were charged by UEFA with crowd trouble and racist abuse after playing Millwall in the 2004-05 UEFA Cup tie in Budapest, Hungary. Four fans of Millwall suffered stab wounds. The racist abuse was directed at Millwall's players of African origin, including Paul Ifill.
On 19 July 2014, UEFA issued sanctions against Ferencváros and Diósgyőr and Slovakia’s Spartak Trnava, following racist behaviour by their fans during 2014–15 UEFA Europa League qualifying matches against Maltese sides Sliema Wanderers, Birkirkara and Hibernians respectively. Ferencvaros were the hardest hit by the UEFA measures as club were fined by €20,000 and the partial closure of their stadium following monkey chants and racist banners displayed in both legs in Malta and Hungary.
On 27 January 2015, Gábor Kubatov, president of the club, said that he would have the fines paid by the supporters. Kubatov aims to cease the racism and violence at the stadium.
On 9 February 2015, UEFA refused the appeal of Ferencváros in connection with the incidents before and after the 2014–15 UEFA Europa League qualifying match between NK Rijeka and Ferencváros. According to the verdict, Ferencváros supporters were not allowed to attend the following UEFA match at home.
- Nemzeti Bajnokság I
- Winners (32): 12: 1903, 1905, 1906–07, 1908–09, 1909–10, 1910–11, 1911–12, 1912–13, 1925–26, 1926–27, 1927–28, 1931–32, 1933–34, 1937–38, 1939–40, 1940–41, 1948–49, 1962–63, 1964, 1967, 1968, 1975–76, 1980–81, 1991–92, 1994–95, 1995–96, 2000–01, 2003–04, 2015–16, 2018–19, 2019–20, 2020–21
- Runners-up (36): 1902, 1904, 1907–08, 1913–14, 1917–18, 1918–19, 1921–22, 1923–24, 1924–25, 1928–29, 1929–30, 1934–35, 1936–37, 1938–39, 1943–44, 1945, 1949-50, 1959–60, 1965, 1966, 1970, 1970–71, 1972–73, 1973–74, 1978–79, 1981–82, 1982–83, 1988–89, 1990–91, 1997–98, 1998–99, 2001–02, 2002–03, 2004–05, 2014–15, 2017–18
- Nemzeti Bajnokság II
- Magyar Kupa
- Winners (6): 1993, 1994, 1995, 2004, 2015, 2016
- Inter-Cities Fairs Cup
- UEFA Cup Winners' Cup
- Runners-up (1): 1974–75
- Mitropa Cup
- Challenge Cup
- Winners (1): 1909
- Runners-up (1): 1911
- Tournoi de Nöel de Paris
- Note 12: more than any other Hungarian football club.
- Note 13: more than any other Hungarian football club.
Top 10 most appearances of all-time
|1||Péter Lipcsei||1990–1995; 1997–1998; 2000–10||428|
|6||József Keller||1984–1995; 1996; 2000–2003; 2005||325|
|9||Zoltán Ebedli||1973–1984; 1985–1986||313|
Top 10 scorers of all-time
|2||Imre Schlosser||1906–1915; 1926–1927||269|
|4||Géza Toldi||1928–1939; 1942–1943||213|
|10||Péter Lipcsei||1990–1995; 1997–1998; 2000–2010||101|
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Players with multiple nationalities
Out on loan
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
- 2 – Tibor Simon, Defender (1985–99) – posthumous honour.
- 12 – "The 12th man", reserved for club supporters. Number retired in 2007.
Notable former players
Had senior international caps for their respective countries. Players whose name is listed in bold represented their countries while playing for Ferencváros.
Board of directors
Board of Supervision
- History of Ferencvárosi TC
- List of Ferencvárosi TC seasons
- Ferencvárosi TC in European football
- List of Ferencvárosi TC managers
- List of Ferencvárosi TC records and statistics
- "Ferencváros". FIFA. 16 November 2004.
- "Inter-Cities Fairs Cup 1964–65". The Rec Sport Soccer Statistics Foundation. 10 June 2014.
- "UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 1974–75: Dynamo Kyiv 3–0 Ferencváros". UEFA. 10 June 2014. Archived from the original on 13 June 2014.
- "Median's survey". Median. 2006. Archived from the original on 24 November 2015. Retrieved 20 July 2008.
- "Top 11 football clubs with futsal sections". futsallfeed.com. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
- Jogtalan volt a licencmegvonás
- Magyarfutball.hu. "Budapest, Ferencvárosi TC (történet, adatok) • csapatok • Magyarfutball.hu". www.magyarfutball.hu (in Hungarian). Retrieved 19 July 2019.
- "Geráé az első gól, a Chelsea-é a győzelem az új Fradi-stadionban". Nemzeti Sport. 10 August 2014.
- "Ferencváros 1–2 Chelsea". Chelsea. 10 August 2014.
- "Didier Drogba: Chelsea striker injured in friendly victory". BBC Sport. 10 August 2014.
- "Blades' Kevin McCabe buys into Ferencvaros". The Telegraph. 14 February 2008.
- "Blades chief wins Ferencvaros bid". BBC. 2 December 2009.
- "Euro Footy Focus: Can Hungary's most famous club lead a Budapest revival?". News Talk. 7 December 2013. Archived from the original on 3 May 2014.
- "Kubatov Gábor az FTC új elnöke". Nemzeti Sport. 25 February 2011.
- "FTC: újabb négy évig Kubatov Gábor a klub elnöke". Nemzeti Sport. 28 October 2014.
- "NB III: a csepeli gólszerző elsírta magát a hangulattól – videó". Nemzeti Sport. 13 March 2016.
- "Fordulat! Tárgyalnak az FTC vezetőségével – jelentették be a szurkolók". Nemzeti Sport. 24 March 2016.
- "Ferencváros: Megvan a megegyezés, visszatér a tábor - NSO".
- "Rettet Ferencváros! Mentsük meg a Fradit!". nso.hu. Retrieved 23 February 2011.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 February 2015. Retrieved 14 February 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "The Budapest Derby". Football Derbies. 20 July 2011. Archived from the original on 29 September 2008. Retrieved 2 November 2013.
- "Ferencváros receive misconduct fine". UEFA. 26 November 2002.
- "Uefa charges Ferencvaros". BBC. 1 October 2004.
- "Ferencvaros face rap over violent fans". The Telegraph. 2 October 2004.
- "Millwall fan fights for life". London Evening Standard. 1 October 2004.
- "Fans battle with riot police as Leeds beaten in 'friendly'". The Yorkshire Post. 17 July 2013.
- "UEFA punish clubs for racist abuse against Maltese teams". Times of Malta. 19 July 2014.
- "FTC: Ha jön az MLSZ-büntetés, a szurkolók fizetnek – Kubatov". Nemzeti Sport. 27 January 2015.
- "UEFA: elutasították az FTC fellebbezését, marad a zárt kapu". Nemzeti Sport. 9 February 2015.
- "International Tournaments (Paris) 1904-1935". www.rsssf.com.
- "Ferencvaros - First team squad". www.fradi.hu (in Hungarian). Retrieved 1 August 2019.
- "Sopron coach dies after attack". UEFA. 24 April 2002.
- "Akeem Adams: Ferencvaros player has heart attack". BBC. 27 September 2013.
- "Akeem has died". Trinidad Express. 30 December 2013. Archived from the original on 1 February 2014. Retrieved 31 December 2013.
- "FTC: a Dortmund korábbi trénere jön az utánpótlásba". Nemzeti Sport. 1 January 2015.