Fidesz – Hungarian Civic Alliance (Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈfidɛs]; Hungarian: Fidesz – Magyar Polgári Szövetség) is a right-wing populist and national-conservative political party in Hungary. Fidesz was founded in 1988 as Fiatal Demokraták Szövetsége (Alliance of Young Democrats), a centre-left liberal youth party opposing the ruling Communist government, before pivoting in 1993 to become a right-wing party. Fidesz has come to dominate Hungarian politics on the national and local level since its landslide victory in the 2010 Hungarian parliamentary election on a joint list with the Christian Democratic People's Party,[lower-alpha 1] securing it a parliamentary supermajority that it retained in 2014[54][55] and again in 2018.[56]

Fidesz – Hungarian Civic Alliance
Fidesz – Magyar Polgári Szövetség
PresidentViktor Orbán
Vice Presidents
Parliamentary leaderMáté Kocsis
Founded30 March 1988; 33 years ago (1988-03-30)
Headquarters1089 Budapest, Visi Imre utca 6. (Polgárok Háza)
Youth wingFidelitas
Ideology Historical:
  Liberal conservatism[22][23]
  National liberalism[20][24][25]
Political positionRight-wing[30] to far-right[44]
Centre-left (pre-1993)[45]
Centre-right[46] to right-wing[47][48][49] (1993–c.2011)
National affiliationFidesz–KDNP
European affiliationEuropean People's Party (2004–2021)[50]
International affiliation
European Parliament groupEuropean People's Party (2004–2021)[51][52]
Non-Inscrits (2021–present)[53]
Colours  Orange
National Assembly
117 / 199
European Parliament
12 / 21
County Assemblies
245 / 381
Party flag

As of 2021, Fidesz enjoys majorities in all 19 county legislatures and in 10 out of 23 assemblies in cities with county rights, while being in opposition in the General Assembly of Budapest. Viktor Orbán has been the leader of Fidesz for most of its history; his party has been criticised for alleged increasingly authoritarian tendencies, as it has consolidated power since 2010 as part of the governing coalition. On 3 March 2021, Fidesz announced its decision to leave the European People's Party group after it established new rules allowing entire parties, not just individual MEPs, to be excluded from the parliamentary group,[57] which it did on 18 March 2021.[50]