Fielding (cricket)

Fielding in the sport of cricket is the action of fielders in collecting the ball after it is struck by the striking batter, to limit the number of runs that the striker scores and/or to get a batter out by either catching a hit ball before it bounces, or by running out either batter before they can complete the run they are currently attempting. There are a number of recognised fielding positions, and they can be categorised into the offside and leg side of the field. Fielding also involves preventing the ball from going to or over the edge of the field (which would result in runs being scored by the batting team in the form of a boundary).

A wicket-keeper (bending down) and three slips wait for the next ball. The batter – out of shot – is a left-hander.

A fielder or fieldsman may field the ball with any part of his body. However, if while the ball is in play he wilfully fields it otherwise (e.g. by using his hat), the ball becomes dead and five penalty runs are awarded to the batting side, unless the ball previously struck a batter not attempting to hit or avoid the ball. Most of the rules covering fielders are in Law 28 of the Laws of cricket.

Fake fielding is the action caused by a fielder when he makes movements of some of his body parts as if he were fielding only to confuse batters into making mistakes. It is now a punishable offence under the ICC rules.[1]

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