Filipino (English: // (listen); Wikang Filipino, locally [wɪˈkɐŋ ˌfiːliˈpiːno]), is the national language (Wikang pambansa / Pambansang wika) of the Philippines. Filipino is also designated, along with English, as an official language of the country. It is a standardized variety of the Tagalog language, an Austronesian regional language that is widely spoken in the Philippines. Tagalog is the first language of 24 million people or about one-fourth of the Philippine population as of 2019, while 45 million speak Tagalog as their second language as of 2013. Tagalog is among the 185 languages of the Philippines identified in the Ethnologue. Officially, Filipino is defined by the Commission on the Filipino Language (Komisyon sa Wikang Filipino in Filipino or simply KWF) as "the native dialect, spoken and written, in Metro Manila, the National Capital Region, and in other urban centers of the archipelago". As of 2000, over 90% of the population could speak Tagalog, approximately 80% could speak Filipino and 60% could speak English.
|Pronunciation||locally [wɪˈkɐŋ ˌfiːliˈpiːno]|
|45 million L2 users (Tagalog) (2013)|
|Latin (Filipino alphabet)|
Official language in
|Regulated by||Komisyon sa Wikang Filipino|
Countries with more than 500,000 speakers
Countries with between 100,000–500,000 speakers
Countries where it is spoken by minor communities
Filipino, like other Austronesian languages, commonly uses verb-subject-object order but can also use subject-verb-object order as well. It has head-initial directionality. It is an agglutinative language but can also display inflection. It is not a tonal language and can be considered a pitch-accent language and a syllable-timed language.
Filipino is officially taken to be a pluricentric language, as it is further enriched and developed by the other existing Philippine languages according to the mandate of the 1987 Constitution. The emergence of varieties of Filipino with grammatical properties differing from Tagalog has been observed in Metro Cebu and Metro Davao. These and Metro Manila together comprise the three largest metropolitan areas in the Philippines.