First Hellenic Republic

The First Hellenic Republic (Greek: Αʹ Ελληνική Δημοκρατία) was the provisional Greek state during the Greek War of Independence against the Ottoman Empire.[1][2] From 1822 until 1827, it was known as the Provisional Administration of Greece, and between 1827 and 1832, it was known as the Hellenic State.

Provisional Administration of Greece (1822–1827)
  • Προσωρινὴ Διοίκησις τῆς Ἑλλάδος
  • Ἑλληνικὴ Πολιτεία
1822–1832
Motto: "Eleftheria i thanatos"
Ελευθερία ή θάνατος
"Freedom or Death"
Status
CapitalNafplio (officially from 1827)
Common languagesGreek
Religion
Greek Orthodox
GovernmentUnitary presidential republic
President of the Executive 
 1822–1823 (first)
Alexandros Mavrokordatos
 1826–1827 (last)
Andreas Zaimis
Governor 
 1827–1831
Ioannis Kapodistrias
 1831–1832
Augustinos Kapodistrias
LegislatureNational Assembly
History 
 Start of Greek Revolution
January 1 1822
March 22, 1829
February 3, 1830
August 8 1832
August 30, 1832
CurrencyPhoenix
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Morea Eyalet
Pashalik of Yanina
Military-Political System of Samos
Kingdom of Greece
Military-Political System of Samos
Today part ofGreece

"First Hellenic Republic" is a historiographical term. It is used by academics and the Greek government to emphasize the constitutional and democratic nature of the revolutionary regime prior to the establishment of the independent Kingdom of Greece, and associate this period of Greek history with the later Second and Third Republics.[3][4]


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