First Portuguese Republic

The First Portuguese Republic (Portuguese: Primeira República Portuguesa; officially: República Portuguesa, Portuguese Republic) spans a complex 16-year period in the history of Portugal, between the end of the period of constitutional monarchy marked by the 5 October 1910 revolution and the 28 May 1926 coup d'état. The latter movement instituted a military dictatorship known as Ditadura Nacional (national dictatorship) that would be followed by the corporatist Estado Novo (new state) regime of António de Oliveira Salazar.

Portuguese Republic
República Portuguesa
1910–1926
Coat of arms
Motto: Ordem e Trabalho  (Portuguese)
"Order and Work"
Anthem: A Portuguesa  (Portuguese)
The Portuguese
The Portuguese Republic on the eve of World War I
CapitalLisbon
Common languagesPortuguese (in Continental Portugal, Madeira and Azores, official in the Portuguese Empire)
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary republic
President 
 1911–1915 (first)
Manuel de Arriaga
 1925–1926 (last)
Bernardino Machado
Prime Minister 
 1911 (first)
João Pinheiro Chagas
 1925–1926 (last)
António Maria da Silva
LegislatureCongress of the Republic
 Upper house
Senate
 Lower house
Chamber of Deputies
Historical eraWorld War I, Interwar
5 October 1910
21 August 1911
29 May 1926
CurrencyPortuguese real (1910–1911)
Portuguese escudo (1911–1926)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Kingdom of Portugal and the Algarves
Ditadura Nacional

The sixteen years of the First Republic saw nine presidents and 44 ministries, and were altogether more of a transition between the Kingdom of Portugal and the Estado Novo than they were a coherent period of governance.


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