First Sino-Japanese War

The First Sino-Japanese War (25 July 1894 – 17 April 1895) was a conflict between the Qing dynasty of China and the Empire of Japan primarily over influence in Joseon Korea.[4] After more than six months of unbroken successes by Japanese land and naval forces and the loss of the port of Weihaiwei, the Qing government sued for peace in February 1895.

First Sino-Japanese War
Part of the Century of humiliation

First Sino-Japanese War, major battles and troop movements
Date25 July 1894 – 17 April 1895
(8 months, 2 weeks and 2 days)

Japanese victory

China cedes Taiwan, Penghu, and the Liaodong Peninsula to Japan.
 China  Japan
Commanders and leaders
Guangxu Emperor
Empress Dowager Cixi
Li Hongzhang
Liu Kunyi
Song Qing
Ding Ruchang 
Liu Buchan 
Ye Zhichao
Zuo Baogui 
Meiji Emperor
Itō Hirobumi
Kodama Gentarō
Yamagata Aritomo
Nozu Michitsura
Ōyama Iwao
Itō Sukeyuki
630,000 men 240,616 men
Casualties and losses
35,000 dead and wounded[3] 1,132 dead
3,758 wounded
285 died of wounds
11,894 died of disease
First Sino-Japanese War
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese甲午戰爭
Simplified Chinese甲午战争
Literal meaningWar of Jiawu – referring to the year 1894 under the traditional sexagenary system
Japanese name
Literal meaningJapan–Qing War
Korean name
Literal meaningQing-Japan War

The war demonstrated the failure of the Qing dynasty's attempts to modernize its military and fend off threats to its sovereignty, especially when compared with Japan's successful Meiji Restoration. For the first time, regional dominance in East Asia shifted from China to Japan;[5] the prestige of the Qing dynasty, along with the classical tradition in China, suffered a major blow. The humiliating loss of Korea as a tributary state sparked an unprecedented public outcry. Within China, the defeat was a catalyst for a series of political upheavals led by Sun Yat-sen and Kang Youwei, culminating in the 1911 Xinhai Revolution.

The war is commonly known in China as the War of Jiawu (Chinese: 甲午戰爭; pinyin: Jiǎwǔ Zhànzhēng), referring to the year (1894) as named under the traditional sexagenary system of years. In Japan, it is called the Japan–Qing War (Japanese: 日清戦争, Hepburn: Nisshin sensō). In Korea, where much of the war took place, it is called the Qing–Japan War (Korean: 청일전쟁; Hanja: 淸日戰爭).