Fiscus Judaicus

The fiscus Iudaicus or Judaicus (Latin for "Jewish tax") was a tax imposed on Jews in the Roman Empire after the destruction of Jerusalem and its Temple in AD 70.[2] Revenues were directed to the Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus in Rome.[2]

A coin issued by Nerva reads fisci Judaici calumnia sublata, "abolition of malicious prosecution in connection with the Jewish tax"[1]

The tax measure improved Rome's finances and also worked as a deterrent against proselytizing.[2] Those who paid the tax did not have to sacrifice to Roman gods.[2]