Flag of Australia

The flag of Australia is based on the British Blue Ensign—a blue field with the Union Jack in the upper hoist quarter—augmented with a large white seven-pointed star (the Commonwealth Star) and a representation of the Southern Cross constellation, made up of five white stars (one small five-pointed star and four, larger, seven-pointed stars). There are other official flags representing Australia, its people and core functions of government.

Australia
UseNational flag and state ensign
Proportion1:2
Adopted11 February 1903; 118 years ago (1903-02-11)[1]
(In use from 3 September 1901)
8 December 1908; 113 years ago (1908-12-08)[2] (current seven-pointed Commonwealth Star version)
DesignA Blue Ensign defaced with the Commonwealth Star in the lower hoist quarter and the five stars of the Southern Cross in the fly half.
Designed byAnnie Dorrington, Ivor Evans, Lesley Hawkins, Egbert Nutall and William Stevens
Variant flag of Australia
NameAustralian Red Ensign
UseCivil ensign
Proportion1:2
DesignA Red Ensign defaced with the Commonwealth/Federation Star at the hoist, and the Southern Cross in the fly half
Variant flag of Australia
NameAustralian White Ensign
UseNaval ensign
Proportion1:2
AdoptedFirst used on RAN ships in 1967.
DesignA defaced British White Ensign without the cross. The cross is replaced with the Southern Cross and the Commonwealth Star/Federation Star.
Variant flag of Australia
NameRoyal Australian Air Force Ensign
UseAir force ensign
Proportion1:2
AdoptedProclaimed as a flag of Australia in 1982.
DesignA field of air force blue with the Union Flag in the canton, the Commonwealth Star below the Union Flag with the Southern Cross in the fly and the RAAF roundel in the lower fly.

The flag's original design (with a six-pointed Commonwealth Star) was chosen in 1901 from entries in a competition held following Federation, and was first flown in Melbourne on 3 September 1901,[3] the date proclaimed as Australian National Flag Day.[4] A slightly different design was approved by King Edward VII in 1903. The current seven-pointed Commonwealth Star version was introduced by a proclamation dated 8 December 1908.[2] The dimensions were formally gazetted in 1934,[5] and in 1954 the flag became recognised by, and legally defined in, the Flags Act 1953, as the Australian National Flag.


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This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Flag of Australia, and is written by contributors. Text is available under a CC BY-SA 4.0 International License; additional terms may apply. Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.