Flag of Europe

The Flag of Europe or European Flag[note 1] consists of twelve golden stars forming a circle on a blue field. It was designed and adopted in 1955 by the Council of Europe (CoE) as a symbol for the whole of Europe.[4]

Flag of Europe
European flag
Flag of Europe
Flag of the Council of Europe
Flag of the European Union
Circle of stars
  • Symbol of Europe
  • Union flag representing the EU (27 members)
  • Council flag representing the Council of Europe (46 members)
Adopted9 December 1955[1][2] (CoE)
29 June 1985[3] (EEC)
DesignA circle of twelve five-pointed yellow stars on a blue field.
Designed byCollaborative effort involving various people, including Arsène Heitz and Paul M. G. Lévy

Since 1985, the flag has also been a symbol of the European Union (EU), whose 27 member states are all also CoE members, although in that year the EU had not yet assumed its present name or constitutional form (which came in steps in 1993 and 2009). Adoption by the EU, or EC as it then was, reflected long-standing CoE desire to see the flag used by other European organisations.[5] Official EU use widened greatly in the 1990s. Nevertheless the flag has to date received no status in any of the EU's treaties. Its adoption as an official symbol was planned as part of the 2004 European Constitution but this failed to be ratified. Mention of the flag was removed in 2007 from the text of the Treaty of Lisbon, which was ratified. On the other hand, 16 EU members that year, plus France in 2017, have officially affirmed (by Declaration No. 5224) their attachment to the flag as an EU symbol.

The flag is used by other European entities, such as unified sport teams under the rubric Team Europe.[6]

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