Flag of Trinidad and Tobago


The flag of Trinidad and Tobago was adopted upon independence from the United Kingdom on 31 August 1962. Designed by Carlisle Chang (1921–2001),[1][2][3] the flag of Trinidad and Tobago was chosen by the independence committee of 1962. Red, black and white symbolise fire (the sun, representing courage), earth (representing dedication) and water (representing purity and equality).[4]

Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
NameFlag of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
The Sun-Sea-Sand Banner
UseNational flag
Proportion3:5
Adopted31 August 1962; 58 years ago (1962-08-31)
DesignA red field with a white-fimbriated black diagonal band from the upper hoist-side to the lower fly-side.
NameCivil ensign of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
UseCivil and state ensign
Proportion1:2
DesignA red field with a white-edged black diagonal band from the upper hoist-side to the lower fly-side.
NameNaval ensign of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
UseNaval ensign
Proportion1:2
DesignA White Ensign with the National Flag in the canton

Design


Trinidadian flags flying at the University of the West Indies in Saint Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago

The flag of Trinidad and Tobago is a red field with a white-edged black diagonal band from the upper hoist side to the lower fly-side. In blazon, Gules, a bend Sable fimbriated Argent. It was designed by Carlyle Chang Kezia. [5]

Construction


The flag of Trinidad and Tobago flying at the San Fernando Hill, San Fernando in July 2009.

The width of the white stripes is 130 of the flag length and the width of the black stripe is 215. The total width of the three stripes together is, therefore, 15 of the length.[6]

Other flags


The civil ensign is the national flag in a 1:2 ratio. The naval ensign (used by Coast Guard vessels) is a British white ensign with the national flag in the canton.

British colonial flag

Prior to independence from the United Kingdom in August 1962, Trinidad and Tobago used a British blue ensign defaced with a badge depicting a ship arriving in front of a mountain.

See also


References


  1. "Carlisle Chang" Archived 2016-09-11 at the Wayback Machine, Ministry of Community Development, Culture and the Arts, Government of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago.
  2. "National flag of Trinidad and Tobago - Carlisle Chang", YouTube.
  3. Carlisle Chang biography Archived 2015-07-11 at the Wayback Machine, NALIS.
  4. National Flag". Government of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago. Retrieved May 12, 2017.
  5. Chang, Carlyle (1998). "Chinese in Trinidad Carnival". The Drama Review. 43 (3): 213–19. JSTOR 1146692.
  6. Flagspot