Florin Vasile Cîțu (Romanian pronunciation: [floˈrin vaˈsile ˈkɨt͡su]; born 1 April 1972) is a Romanian politician who currently serves as the Prime Minister of Romania (since December 2020). Previously, he served as Minister of Public Finance in both the first and second cabinet of former PNL Prime Minister Ludovic Orban between 2019 and 2020.
|69th Prime Minister of Romania|
|Assumed office |
23 December 2020
|Deputy||Dan Barna |
|Preceded by||Nicolae Ciucă (Acting)|
|Minister of Public Finance|
4 November 2019 – 23 December 2020
|Prime Minister||Ludovic Orban |
Nicolae Ciucă (Acting)
|Preceded by||Eugen Teodorovici|
|Succeeded by||Alexandru Nazare|
|Member of the Senate of Romania|
|Assumed office |
21 December 2016
|Minister of Health|
14 April 2021 – 21 April 2021
|Preceded by||Vlad Voiculescu|
|Succeeded by||Ioana Mihăilă|
|Born||1 April 1972|
Râmnicu Vâlcea, Romania
|Political party||National Liberal Party (PNL)|
|Education||Grinnell College (BA)|
Iowa State University (MA)
After graduating from Grinnell College in 1996, Cîțu obtained a master's degree in economics and attended the program for a doctoral degree that he did not complete in macroeconomics and international economics from Iowa State University in 2001.
Following graduation, Cîțu worked as an economist for the Reserve Bank of New Zealand (2001–2003) and the European Investment Bank (2003–2005). He subsequently worked as investment banker at ING Group’s Romanian division until 2011.
In 2019, the joint budget and finance committee of the Parliament of Romania failed to endorse the nomination of Cîțu as finance minister, though their vote was not binding.
On 26 February 2020, following the vote of no confidence against the Orban Cabinet that had taken place 5 February, President Klaus Iohannis designated Cîțu Prime Minister of Romania and asked him to form a new government. Just before the investiture vote took place, Cîțu stepped back in favor of his party leader Ludovic Orban. Due to the emerging COVID-19 pandemic the main opposition party Social Democratic Party (PSD) agreed with another term of the Orban cabinet until the next elections which were to be held in December of the same year. Consequently, Florin Cîțu took back his position as finance minister.
After 9 December 2020, Cîțu was the National Liberal Party's Prime Minister proposal to succeed acting head of government Nicolae Ciucă, following the resignation of Ludovic Orban on 7 December. Cîțu became Prime Minister on 23 December, forming a three-party coalition government. The composition of his cabinet was criticised for having only one female minister and for the appointment of Sorin Cîmpeanu, who in a previous ministerial position had proposed legislation "that protected those found to have plagiarised their academic theses".
- European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), Ex-Officio Member of the Board of Governors (since 2019)
- European Investment Bank (EIB), Ex-Officio Member of the Board of Governors (since 2019)
- World Bank, Ex-Officio Member of the Board of Governors (since 2019)
- Mitrache, Daciana (13 January 2021). "De la coada vacii la studii în SUA: locurile copilăriei premierului Cîțu, încremenite în Evul Mediu FOTO". Adevărul (in Romanian).
- Regenold, Michele. "A Game Like Cat and Dog". The Grinnell Magazine. No. Fall 2018. Archived from the original on 23 December 2018. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
- Tatu, Liviu (26 February 2020). Zbora-Ciurel, Mariana; Aruștei, Simona (eds.). "Florin-Vasile Cîțu, propus pentru funcția de prim-ministru (fișă biografică)" [Florin-Vasile Cîțu, proposed for the prime minister function (biographical file)]. AGERPRES (in Romanian). Archived from the original on 27 February 2020. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
- V.M. (26 February 2020). "Cine este Florin Cîțu, noul premier desemnat" [Who is Florin Cîțu, the newly designated prime minister]. HotNews.ro (in Romanian). Archived from the original on 27 February 2020. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
- "Citu appointed Romania's prime minister-designate". Iowa State University - Department of Economics. 27 February 2020. Archived from the original on 7 June 2020. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
- Rosca, Matei (19 December 2020). "Liberal Florin Cîțu put forward to be Romania's next prime minister". Politico Europe. Archived from the original on 20 December 2020. Retrieved 20 December 2020.
- Marinas, Radu (29 October 2020). Heavens, Andrew (ed.). "Romania parliament committee fails to endorse finance minister nominee". Reuters. Archived from the original on 29 October 2020. Retrieved 20 December 2020.
- "Romanian Government Toppled In No-Confidence Vote". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 5 February 2020. Archived from the original on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
- Braghiș, Nicoleta (26 February 2020). "A fost desemnat un nou candidat pentru funcția de premier al României" [A new candidate was designated for Romania's premier function]. Ziarul de Gardă (in Romanian). Archived from the original on 26 February 2020. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
- Budescu, Daniel (26 February 2020). "BREAKING Klaus Iohannis: Azi am decis să îl desemnez pentru poziția de premier pe domnul Florin Cîțu" [BREAKING Klaus Iohannis: Today I've decided to designate Florin Cîțu for the premier position]. G4media.ro (in Romanian). Archived from the original on 26 February 2020. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
- "Florin Citu steps down just before the investiture vote in Parliament, President to call parties for consultations again". The Romania Journal. Retrieved 14 January 2021.
- Petrescu, Ana (9 December 2020). "UPDATE - Ludovic Orban anunță oficial că Florin Cîțu este propunerea PNL de premier. A fost sugestia președintelui ca fiecare să scriem separat propunerea de premier și am scris același nume / Cîțu: Pentru mine e o onoare această nominalizare - VIDEO". News.ro (in Romanian). Archived from the original on 9 December 2020. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
- Peia, Florentina (7 December 2020). Tănăsescu, Georgiana; Dădârlat, Adrian Dădârlat (eds.). "Nicolae Ciucă - prim-ministru interimar". AGERPRES (in Romanian). Archived from the original on 8 December 2020. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
- "DECRET nr. 1.047 din 7 decembrie 2020 pentru desemnarea unui membru al Guvernului ca prim-ministru interimar" [DECREE No. 1,047 from 7 December 2020 for the designation of a member of the Government as acting prime minister]. Decree No. 1,047 of 7 December 2020 (in Romanian). President of Romania.
- Kiss, Robert, ed. (7 December 2020). "Ludovic Orban și-a dat demisia din funcția de prim-ministru". Digi24 (in Romanian). Archived from the original on 9 December 2020. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
- Turp-Balazs, Craig (23 December 2020). "Women left out in the cold as Florin Cîțu becomes Romania's PM". Emerging Europe. Retrieved 23 December 2020.
- "EBRD Shareholders and Board of Governors". European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD). Archived from the original on 20 December 2020. Retrieved 20 December 2020.
- "Board of Governors". European Investment Bank (EIB). Archived from the original on 20 December 2020. Retrieved 20 December 2020.
- "Governors and alternates" (PDF). World Bank. p. 28. Archived (PDF) from the original on 20 December 2020. Retrieved 20 December 2020.
| Minister of Public Finance
| Prime Minister of Romania
|Order of precedence|
as President of the Chamber of Deputies
| Order of precedence in Romania
as Prime Minister