Foreign relations of San Marino
San Marino is an independent and sovereign member of the international community. It maintains an extensive diplomatic network relative to its diminutive size, as well as an active foreign policy and international presence.
Among other international organizations, San Marino is a full member of the following international organizations:
- United Nations
- International Court of Justice
- United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
- International Monetary Fund (IMF)
- World Health Organization (WHO)
- World Tourism Organization (WTO)
- Council of Europe
- International Committee of the Red Cross
- International Criminal Court (ICC)
- International Institution for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
From May 10 until November 6, 1990, San Marino held the semi-annual presidency of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe. The second San Marino Chairmanship of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe was from November 2006 until May 2007.
Austria, Bulgaria, France, Japan, Mexico, Monaco, Romania, Italy, the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, Croatia, and the Holy See maintain resident embassies or honorary consulates in San Marino. Other states maintain non-resident embassies and consulates, commonly located in Rome. San Marino additionally maintains honorary consulates in some countries, for example in Armenia.
UN Secretary General visits and remarks
On 31 March-1 April 2013, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon was the official orator on the occasion of the newly elected Captains Regent. “Although this country is small, your importance to the United Nations stands as tall as Mount Titano,” the Secretary-General told the country's highest officials, the two Captains Regent, in reference to the country's 739 meter UNESCO World Heritage Site. Mr. Ban also noted that the country accepted five times as many refugees as its population during the Second World War, and praised its emphasis on protecting human rights. This has been the second visit to San Marino by a UN Secretary General, the first being Boutrous Boutrous-Gali's visit in 1996.
|Country||Formal relations began on||Notes|
|Andorra||30 November 1995||See Andorra–San Marino relations
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||
|China||See China–San Marino relations
|Germany||1 October 1995||See Germany–San Marino relations
|Italy||See Italy–San Marino relations
|Japan||See Japan–San Marino relations
|Mexico||8 March 1968||
|North Korea||May 2004|
Russia and San Marino maintain full ambassadorial relations, established in 1993. San Marino does not participate in EU's sanctions against Russia. In March 2019, Russia's foreign minister Sergei Lavrov visited San Marino and expressed his government's appreciation of the fact that the San Marinese government had not joined "the anti-Russian sanctions spiral promoted by Brussels [the EU], at the behest from Washington [the United States]." Lavrov added that the "autonomous and pragmatic approach [of the San Marinese government…] deserves the deepest respect." In February 2020, Lavrov met Luca Beccari, the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, International Economic Cooperation and Telecommunications of San Marino, and they discussed how to further develop bilateral relations.
|South Korea||25 September 2000||See San Marino–South Korea relations
The Republic of Korea established diplomatic relations with the Republic of San Marino on 25 September 2000.
|Spain||See San Marino–Spain relations
|United Kingdom||See San Marino–United Kingdom relations
|United States||See San Marino–United States relations
- List of diplomatic missions of San Marino
- List of diplomatic missions in San Marino
- San Marino-Serbia relations
- "San Marino: Thanks but No Thanks, EU Accession!". europeanpublicaffairs.eu. 2013-10-21. Retrieved 2017-04-11.
- "UNICEF. At a glance: San Marino". unicef.org. 2007-02-02. Retrieved 2017-04-11.
- "Bilateral relations". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of San Marino. Retrieved 21 February 2019.
- https://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=44531&Cr=San+Marino&Cr1=#.UV9F_o5FsV8 UN News Centre