Foreign relations of San Marino


San Marino is an independent and sovereign member of the international community. It maintains an extensive diplomatic network relative to its diminutive size, as well as an active foreign policy and international presence.

International organizations


Among other international organizations, San Marino is a full member of the following international organizations:

It also cooperates with UNICEF and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and has official relations with the European Union.[1][2][3]

From May 10 until November 6, 1990, San Marino held the semi-annual presidency of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe. The second San Marino Chairmanship of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe was from November 2006 until May 2007.

Diplomatic relations


Countries which San Marino has diplomatic relations with (as of August 2019)[4]

Austria, Bulgaria, France, Japan, Mexico, Monaco, Romania, Italy, the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, Croatia, and the Holy See maintain resident embassies or honorary consulates in San Marino. Other states maintain non-resident embassies and consulates, commonly located in Rome. San Marino additionally maintains honorary consulates in some countries, for example in Armenia.

UN Secretary General visits and remarks


On 31 March-1 April 2013, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon was the official orator on the occasion of the newly elected Captains Regent. “Although this country is small, your importance to the United Nations stands as tall as Mount Titano,” the Secretary-General told the country's highest officials, the two Captains Regent, in reference to the country's 739 meter UNESCO World Heritage Site. Mr. Ban also noted that the country accepted five times as many refugees as its population during the Second World War, and praised its emphasis on protecting human rights.[5] This has been the second visit to San Marino by a UN Secretary General, the first being Boutrous Boutrous-Gali's visit in 1996.

Bilateral relations


Country Formal relations began on Notes
 Andorra30 November 1995See Andorra–San Marino relations
  • Andorra is accredited to San Marino from its Ministry of Foreign Affairs based in Andorra la Vella.
  • San Marino does not have an accreditation to Andorra.
 Armenia
  • Armenia is accredited to San Marino from its embassy in Rome, Italy.
  • San Marino is accredited to Armenia from its Ministry of Foreign Affairs in San Marino.
 Austria
  • Austria is accredited to San Marino from its embassy in Rome, Italy and maintains an honorary consulate in the City of San Marino.
  • San Marino has an embassy in Vienna.
 Belgium
  • Belgium is accredited to San Marino from its embassy in Rome, Italy.
  • San Marino has an embassy in Brussels.
 Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina is accredited to San Marino from its embassy in Rome, Italy.
  • San Marino has an embassy in Sarajevo.
 Canada
  • Canada is accredited to San Marino from its embassy in Rome, Italy.
  • San Marino is accredited to Canada from its embassy in New York, United States.
 ChinaSee China–San Marino relations
  • China is accredited to San Marino from its embassy in Rome, Italy.
  • San Marino is accredited to China from its Ministry of Foreign Affairs in San Marino.
 Denmark
  • Denmark is accredited to San Marino from its embassy in Rome, Italy.
  • San Marino is accredited to Denmark from its Ministry of Foreign Affairs in San Marino.
 Finland
  • Finland is accredited to San Marino from its embassy in Rome, Italy.
  • San Marino is accredited to Finland from its Ministry of Foreign Affairs in San Marino.
 France
  • France is accredited to San Marino from its embassy in Rome, Italy and maintains an honorary consulate in the City of San Marino.
  • San Marino has an embassy in Paris.
 Germany1 October 1995[6]See Germany–San Marino relations
  • Germany is accredited to San Marino from its embassy in Rome, Italy.
  • San Marino is accredited to Germany from its Ministry of Foreign Affairs in San Marino.
 Greece
  • Greece is accredited to San Marino from its embassy in Rome, Italy.
  • San Marino is accredited to Greece from its Ministry of Foreign Affairs in San Marino.
  Holy See
  • Holy See has an Apostolic Nunciature in the City of San Marino.
  • San Marino has an embassy in Rome to the Holy See.
 ItalySee Italy–San Marino relations
  • Italy has an embassy in the City of San Marino.
  • San Marino has an embassy in Rome.
 Indonesia
  • Indonesia is accredited to San Marino from its embassy in Rome, Italy.
  • San Marino has an embassy in Jakarta.
 JapanSee Japan–San Marino relations
  • Japan is accredited to San Marino from its embassy in Rome, Italy.
  • San Marino has an embassy in Tokyo.
 Malta
  • Malta is accredited to San Marino from its embassy in Rome, Italy.
  • San Marino is accredited to Malta from its Ministry of Foreign Affairs in San Marino.
 Monaco
  • Monaco is accredited to San Marino from its embassy in Rome, Italy.
  • San Marino is accredited to Monaco from its Permanent Mission to the Council of Europe in Strasbourg, France.
 Mexico8 March 1968
  • Mexico is accredited to San Marino from its embassy in Rome, Italy and maintains an honorary consulate in the City of San Marino.
  • San Marino is accredited to Mexico from its Ministry of Foreign Affairs in San Marino.
 Netherlands
  • Netherlands is accredited to San Marino from its embassy in Rome, Italy.
  • San Marino is accredited to Netherlands from its Ministry of Foreign Affairs in San Marino.
 North KoreaMay 2004[7]
 Poland
  • Poland is accredited to San Marino from its embassy in Rome, Italy.
  • San Marino is accredited to Poland from its Ministry of Foreign Affairs in San Marino.
 Russia

Russia and San Marino maintain full ambassadorial relations, established in 1993.[8] San Marino does not participate in EU's sanctions against Russia. In March 2019, Russia's foreign minister Sergei Lavrov visited San Marino[9] and expressed his government's appreciation of the fact that the San Marinese government had not joined "the anti-Russian sanctions spiral promoted by Brussels [the EU], at the behest from Washington [the United States]."[10] Lavrov added that the "autonomous and pragmatic approach [of the San Marinese government…] deserves the deepest respect."[11][12] In February 2020, Lavrov met Luca Beccari, the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, International Economic Cooperation and Telecommunications of San Marino, and they discussed how to further develop bilateral relations.[13]

  • Russia is accredited to San Marino from its embassy in Geneva, Switzerland.
  • San Marino is accredited to Russia from its embassy in Rome, Italy.[14]
 South Korea25 September 2000See San Marino–South Korea relations

The Republic of Korea established diplomatic relations with the Republic of San Marino on 25 September 2000.

  • San Marino opened an Honorary Consulate General in Seoul in February 2003.
  • South Korea is accredited to San Marino from its embassy in Rome, Italy.[15]
 SpainSee San Marino–Spain relations
  • San Marino has an embassy in Madrid.
  • Spain is accredited to San Marino from its embassy in Rome, Italy.
  Switzerland
  • San Marino is accredited to Switzerland from its Permanent Mission to the United Nations in Geneva.
  • Switzerland is accredited to San Marino from its embassy in Rome, Italy.
 Turkey
  • San Marino is accredited to Turkey from its Ministry of Foreign Affairs in San Marino.
  • Turkey is accredited to San Marino from its embassy in Rome, Italy.
 Ukraine
  • San Marino is accredited to Ukraine from its Ministry of Foreign Affairs in San Marino.
  • Ukraine is accredited to San Marino from its embassy in Rome, Italy.
 United KingdomSee San Marino–United Kingdom relations
  • San Marino is accredited to the United Kingdom from its Ministry of Foreign Affairs in San Marino.
  • United Kingdom is accredited to San Marino from its embassy in Rome, Italy.
  • Both countries are full members of the Council of Europe.
 United StatesSee San Marino–United States relations
  • San Marino has an embassy in New York.
  • United States is accredited to San Marino from its embassy in Rome, Italy.

See also


References