Foreign relations of South Ossetia


The Republic of South Ossetia is a self-proclaimed state which is recognized by Russia, Nicaragua, Venezuela, Syria, Nauru, Abkhazia, and Transnistria. South Ossetia declared independence from Georgia in 1991, but did not receive recognition from any UN member states until after the 2008 South Ossetia war. It is the only state recognized by UN Member States that recognizes the Donetsk People's Republic.

Relations with independent states


Foreign relations of South Ossetia
  diplomatic relations and recognition
  diplomatic recognition only

Abkhazia

Abkhazia and South Ossetia recognized each other's independence on 19 September 2005 or before.[note 1]

Iran

In July 2019, the South Ossetian Minister of Foreign Affairs Dmitry Medoyev said that his country is willing to expand its cooperation with Iran. There are "deep-rooted economic, scientific and cultural ties between Iran and South Ossetian" he added.[1]

Nauru

In December 2009, Nauru recognized the independence of South Ossetia. Nauru's foreign minister, Kieren Keke, visited Tskhinvali that year.[2][3] In 2012, the South Ossetian Independence Day celebrations were attended by President Sprent Dabwido, who delivered a speech at the ceremony.[4] In 2018, a South Ossetian delegation visited Nauru and the country's foreign ministry appointed a New Zealander as a representative in Nauru.[5]

Nicaragua

On September 5, 2008, Nicaragua became the second UN member state to recognize South Ossetia.

Russia

On August 26, 2008, Russia became the first UN member state to recognize South Ossetia. Russia plans on building an embassy in Tskhinval.[6]

Syria

On May 29, 2018, Syria became the latest UN member state to recognize South Ossetia. On July 22, 2018, during the state visit of President Anatoly Bibilov to Damascus, South Ossetia and Syria have signed an agreement on establishing diplomatic ties.[7][8][9]

Turkey

South Ossetia and Turkey have no official relations. In 2019, South Ossetia named a representative for Turkey.[10] In 2020, the representative died.[11] Around 50,000 Ossetians live in Turkey.

United States

South Ossetia and the United States have no official relations as the U.S. recognizes South Ossetia as part of the sovereignty of Georgia. Much like with Abkhazia, the U.S.' lack of relations has been a focal point of conflict with Russia.

Venezuela

On September 10, 2009, Venezuela became the third UN member state to recognize South Ossetia.

Relations with rebel groups

The militant Palestinian organization Hamas also welcomed the recognition of both Abkhazia and South Ossetia.[12][13][14]

Diplomatic missions


Offices in South Ossetia

Ossetian missions

Membership in international organizations


South Ossetia does not belong to any international organizations as of March 2009 besides the Community for Democracy and Human Rights.

See also


Notes


  1. The date when Abkhazia, South Ossetia and Transnistria recognize each other is not clear. Abkhazia and Transnistria signed a Treaty on Friendship and Cooperation on 22 January 1993, South Ossetia and Transnistria a Treaty on Friendship and Cooperation on 12 October 1994 and Abkhazia and South Ossetia a Treaty on Friendship and Cooperation on 19 September 2005.

References


  1. South Ossetia Willing to Boost Cooperation with Iran, tasnimnews.com 20 July 2019.
  2. Luke Harding: Tiny Nauru struts world stage by recognising breakaway republics, theguardian.com 14 December 2009.
  3. Nauru recognises South Ossetia and Abkhazia, telegraph.co.uk 15 December 2009.
  4. https://ria.ru/20120920/754983317.html
  5. New Zealander to represent South Ossetia in Nauru, radionz.co.nz 25 January 2018.
  6. "Vladimir Putin signed a direction about establishment of Russian embassies in Abkhazia and South Ossetia". REGNUM. 2009-02-11. Archived from the original on 2009-02-21. Retrieved 2009-04-05.
  7. "Syria, South Ossetia Sign Agreement on Establishing Diplomatic Ties". Syria Times. 22 July 2018. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
  8. "Bashar al-Assad Hosts Anatoly Bibilov". Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  9. "Leader of breakaway South Ossetia meets Assad in Syria". Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  10. "Полпредом МИД Южной Осетии в Турецкой Республике назначен Ремзи Канукати". Retrieved 31 December 2020.
  11. "Сообщение пресс-службы Министерства иностранных дел Республики Южная Осетия". Retrieved 31 December 2020.
  12. ХАМАС приветствует признание независимости Абхазии и Южной Осетии (in Russian). Gazeta.ru. 2008-08-26. Retrieved 2008-08-26.
  13. "Only Palestine's Hamas Backs Kremlin's Recognition of Abkhazia, South Ossetia". Georgian Daily. 2008-08-27. Retrieved 2008-08-27.
  14. Coughlin, Con; Blomfield, Adrian (2008-08-27). "Georgia: Europe unites to condemn Kremlin". London: Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2008-08-27.