Forest Hills–71st Avenue station


Forest Hills–71st Avenue (previously known as 71st–Continental Avenues) is an express station on the IND Queens Boulevard Line of the New York City Subway, located on Queens Boulevard at 71st (Continental) Avenue in Forest Hills, Queens. It is served by the E and F trains at all times, the <F> train during rush hours in the peak direction, the R train at all times except late nights, and the M train on weekdays except late nights. It serves as the terminus for the latter two services.

 Forest Hills–71 Avenue
 
New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
Manhattan bound platform
Station statistics
Address71st Avenue & Queens Boulevard
Forest Hills, NY 11375
BoroughQueens
LocaleForest Hills
Coordinates40.721404°N 73.844004°W / 40.721404; -73.844004
DivisionB (IND)[1]
LineIND Queens Boulevard Line
Services   E  (all times)
   F  (all times) <F>  (two rush hour trains, peak direction)
   M  (weekdays until 11:00 p.m.)
   R  (all hours except late nights)
Transit MTA Bus: Q23, Q60, Q64, QM4, QM11, QM12, QM18, QM42, QM44
LIRR: City Terminal Zone (at Forest Hills)
StructureUnderground
Platforms2 island platforms
cross-platform interchange
Tracks4
Other information
OpenedDecember 31, 1936; 84 years ago (1936-12-31)
Station code261[2]
Accessible ADA-accessible
Opposite-
direction
transfer
Yes
Former/other names71st–Continental Avenues–Forest Hills
Traffic
20198,027,234[3] 1.1%
Rank42 out of 424[3]
Station succession
Next eastKew Gardens–Union Turnpike (express): E 
75th Avenue (local): E  F 
(Terminal): M  R 
World's Fair (IND World's Fair Line; demolished)
Next west67th Avenue (local): E  M  R 
Jackson Heights–Roosevelt Avenue (express): E  F  <F>
Location
Track layout

Street map

Station service legend
Symbol Description
Stops all times except late nights
Stops all times
Stops late nights only
Stops weekdays only
Stops rush hours in the peak direction only (limited service)

History


A Manhattan-bound R train arriving at the station

The Queens Boulevard Line was one of the first lines built by the city-owned Independent Subway System (IND),[4][5][6] and stretches between the IND Eighth Avenue Line in Manhattan and 179th Street and Hillside Avenue in Jamaica, Queens.[4][6][7] The Queens Boulevard Line was in part financed by a Public Works Administration (PWA) loan and grant of $25 million.[8] One of the proposed stations would have been located at 71st Avenue. During the late 1920s, in anticipation of the arrival of the subway, land was bought by developers and was built up.[9] Zoning laws were changed to allow fifteen-story apartment buildings to be built,[10] and made the neighborhood of Forest Hills a more desirable place to live, especially as it was an express stop. Queens Borough President George Harvey predicted that the introduction of the subway to Forest Hills would turn Queens Boulevard into the "Park Avenue of Queens."[9]:73

On December 31, 1936, the IND Queens Boulevard Line was extended by eight stops, and 3.5 miles (5.6 km), from its previous terminus at Roosevelt Avenue to Union Turnpike, and the 71st Avenue station opened as part of this extension.[11][12]

The station was proposed as a transfer station between the never-built Queens Super-Express Bypass as part of the 1968 Program for Action, which would have significantly expanded railway and subway service in the five boroughs.[13] Under a 1984 plan, the new express station would have been one of three stops on the 63rd Street Line extension east of 21st Street–Queensbridge, the other two stops being at Northern Boulevard and Woodside.[13] The bypass station would have had a mezzanine, two platform levels (an upper platform for Jamaica- and Southeast Queens-bound trains; a lower platform for Manhattan-bound trains), a new elevator entrance, and an expanded mezzanine, with escalators and stairs connecting the new platform levels to the existing platforms.[13][14] The new station would have been built on the south side of Queens Boulevard, south of the existing station.[13][14]

In 2014, the Metropolitan Transportation Authority built a new signal tower for the Manhattan-bound platform. The agency also upgraded the station to compliance with the 1990 Americans With Disabilities Act; the upgrade included passenger elevators to serve the street level, mezzanine and platforms. This project was completed by March 2014 after a three-month delay.[15][16][17] However, a ribbon-cutting for the new elevators was not held until May 15, 2014.[18]

Station layout


G Street level Exit/entrance
M Mezzanine Fare control, station agent
Elevator on south side of Queens Boulevard between 70th Road and 71st Avenue
P
Platform level
Southbound local toward Metropolitan Avenue weekdays (67th Avenue)
toward 95th Street (67th Avenue)
toward World Trade Center late nights (67th Avenue)
Island platform
Southbound express toward World Trade Center (Jackson Heights–Roosevelt Avenue)
toward Coney Island (Jackson Heights–Roosevelt Avenue)
Northbound express toward Jamaica Center (Kew Gardens–Union Turnpike weekdays, 75th Avenue evenings/weekends
toward 179th Street (75th Avenue)
Island platform
Northbound local termination track →
toward Jamaica Center late nights (75th Avenue)
Stairs along the Ridgewood Savings Bank's Forest Hills Branch, a New York City designated landmark

The station has four tracks and two island platforms. It is the northern terminal for the local M and R trains, which stop on the outer tracks. To the east, the line widens to six tracks, with two tracks starting between the local and express tracks in each direction, then ramping down to a lower level, where they widen to four tracks and run under the 75th Avenue station to Jamaica Yard. F trains stop on the express track at all times, but switch to the local track to the east and continue on to Jamaica–179th Street. E trains stop on the express tracks at all times except late nights, when they make local stops along the Queens Boulevard Line. To the east, they continue on the express tracks (except evenings and weekends when they switch to the local track like the F) to Jamaica Center–Parsons/Archer, with limited rush-hour express service to 179th Street. This station has four punch boxes two at the eastern end and western end.[19]

Both outer track walls have a light Fern green tile band with a black border and small "71st AVE" tile captions below them in white lettering on a black background.[20] The station's I-beam columns are painted Emerald green with signs reading "71 - Forest Hills", while older signs on the black columns between the express tracks read "CONTINENTAL AVENUE - Forest Hills" in black lettering on a white background.[21][22]

A signal tower and dispatchers' office is at the extreme western end of the southbound platform.

Exits

There are two fare control areas on the full width mezzanine above the platforms and tracks. The western section of the mezzanine is bounded on the west by the exit to the western side of 70th Road and the northern side of Queens Boulevard. There used to be a part-time booth at this location. On the east end, the fare control area is sided by a passageway out of fare control connecting the exits between 70th Road and 71st Avenue. There used to be a part-time booth at the northern section of the passageway. An elevator is located at the southern exit between 70th Road and 71st Avenue and makes the station ADA-accessible. The second fare control area is in between the aforementioned fare free passageway and the passageways connecting to the exits at 71st Avenue. At the eastern end of the mezzanine there is a staircase leading to Queens Boulevard between 71st Avenue and 71st Road on the northern side, and a staircase leading to the intersection of 71st Avenue and Queens Boulevard on the south side. There are seven staircases to each platform.[23][24][25]

Signage


On the current MTA map[26] and published timetables,[27] the station name is "Forest Hills–71st Avenue." In the past, "Continental Avenue" (the alternative name of 71st Avenue used in nearby Forest Hills Gardens) has been included in the name[28] and is used on the rollsigns of older rolling stock such as the R32. As of 2011, the platform signage reads 71–Continental Av–Forest Hills.

Points of interest


Nearby points of interest include:

References


  1. "Glossary". Second Avenue Subway Supplemental Draft Environmental Impact Statement (SDEIS) (PDF). 1. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. March 4, 2003. pp. 1–2. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 26, 2021. Retrieved January 1, 2021.
  2. "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
  3. "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2014–2019". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2020. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  4. Duffus, R.L. (September 22, 1929). "OUR GREAT SUBWAY NETWORK SPREADS WIDER; New Plans of Board of Transportation Involve the Building of More Than One Hundred Miles of Additional Rapid Transit Routes for New York" (PDF). The New York Times. Retrieved August 19, 2015.
  5. "QUEENS SUBWAY WORK AHEAD OF SCHEDULE: Completion Will Lead to Big Apartrnent Building, Says William C. Speers" (PDF). The New York Times. April 7, 1929. Retrieved September 1, 2015.
  6. "Queens Lauded as Best Boro By Chamber Chief". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. September 23, 1929. p. 40. Retrieved October 4, 2015 via Newspapers.com.
  7. New York Times, New Subway Routes in Hylan Program to Cost $186,046,000, March 21, 1925, page 1
  8. "TEST TRAINS RUNNING IN QUEENS SUBWAY; Switch and Signal Equipment of New Independent Line Is Being Checked" (PDF). The New York Times. December 20, 1936. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
  9. Hirshon, Nicholas; Romano, Foreword by Ray (January 1, 2013). Forest Hills. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 9780738597850.
  10. "QUEENS TO HAVE 15-STORY HOUSE; Tall Structure for New Residential Development in ForestHills Area.NEAR BOULEVARD SUBWAYSeveral Blocks Rezoned for High Buildings Between Jamaicaand Kew Gardens. Apartment Height's Increase" (PDF). The New York Times. March 23, 1930. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
  11. "PWA Party Views New Subway Link: Queens Section to Be Opened Tomorrow Is Inspected by Tuttle and Others" (PDF). The New York Times. December 30, 1936. Retrieved June 27, 2015.
  12. Queens Subway Options Study, New York: Environmental Impact Statement. United States Department of Transportation, Metropolitan Transportation Authority, Urban Mass Transit Administration. May 1984. pp. 83–. Retrieved July 10, 2016.
  13. Erlitz, Jeffrey (February 2005). "Tech Talk". New York Division Bulletin. Electric Railroaders Association. 48 (2): 9–11. Retrieved July 10, 2016.
  14. "Forest Hills Subway Station Project Delayed by Three Months". DNAinfo New York. Archived from the original on February 9, 2014.
  15. "Forest Hills Subway Station Renovation to End in March, MTA Says". DNAinfo New York. Archived from the original on March 27, 2014.
  16. "71st Avenue Station Renovation in Forest Hills will Wrap This Month". brownstoner.com.
  17. "Forest Hills-71st Av. ADA Elevators". Flickr.
  18. Lynch, Andrew (2020). "New York City Subway Track Map" (PDF). vanshnookenraggen.com. Retrieved February 6, 2020.
  19. Cox, Jeremiah (September 26, 2004). The lime green trim and 71st Ave text underneath it along the platform walls at 71-Continental Av (image).
  20. DanTD (March 16, 2017). Continental Avenue-Forest Hills; Old Sign (photograph). Retrieved July 29, 2017.
  21. Cox, Jeremiah (June 2, 2008). Looking down the Manhattan-bound platform at 71-Forest Hills as the column signs say (image).
  22. "SUBWAY-SIDEWALK INTERFACE PROJECT: 71ST/CONTINENTAL AVENUES STATION" (PDF). transalt.org. Transportation Alternatives, City of New York, New York City Department of City Planning, New York City Department of Transportation. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
  23. "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Forest Hills" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved July 6, 2015.
  24. Cox, Jeremiah (June 5, 2008). "Looking down the mezzanine towards the 70 Road & North Side Queens Blvd exit at 71-Continental Ave". thesubwaynut.com. Retrieved December 18, 2017.
  25. "Subway Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 2021. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
  26. "E Subway Timetable, Effective November 8, 2020" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved December 9, 2020.
  27. "NYC Subway Historical Maps". Retrieved September 27, 2007.
  28. "RIDGEWOOD SAVINGS BANK, FOREST HILLS BRANCH" (PDF). New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission. Retrieved January 27, 2018.