Fourchambault


Fourchambault (French pronunciation: [fuʁʃɑ̃bo]) is a commune in the Nièvre department in central France.

Fourchambault
The centre of Fourchamboult
Coat of arms
Location of Fourchambault
Fourchambault
Fourchambault
Coordinates: 47°01′10″N 3°05′08″E
CountryFrance
RegionBourgogne-Franche-Comté
DepartmentNièvre
ArrondissementNevers
CantonFourchambault
IntercommunalityNevers
Government
  Mayor (20202026) Alain Herteloup[1]
Area
1
4.55 km2 (1.76 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[2]
4,182
  Density920/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
58117 /58600
Elevation162–181 m (531–594 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Demographics


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1968 6,279    
1975 6,625+0.77%
1982 5,850−1.76%
1990 5,037−1.85%
1999 4,828−0.47%
2007 4,711−0.31%
2012 4,787+0.32%
2017 4,229−2.45%
Source: INSEE[3]

Industrial history


In 1819 Boigues & Fils, iron merchant in Paris, and M. Labbé, decided to find a new site on the Loire for their iron foundry to which it would be easier to transport coal, and decided on Fourchambault. A dock was built for cargo boats, and the Loire provided water for the steam engines.[4] Construction of the factory at Fourchambault began in 1821. The Charbonnières Raveaux and Cramain furnaces became annexes to the new building, and Boigues & Fils collected several furnaces from Nivernais and Berry. Manufacturing began in 1822. Almost 3,000 workers from the surrounding countryside were employed in the cast iron foundry.[5]

The Société de Commentry, Fourchambault et Decazeville was formed in 1853 through a merger of the Fourchambault foundry, Imphy (Nièvre) steelworks, Montluçon (Allier) foundry and Commentry (Allier) colliery.[6] In 1954 the company was renamed the Société métallurgique d'Imphy. In 1968 it was merged with the Société des forges et aciéries du Creusot, which in 1971 became Creusot-Loire.[6] The combined company was in turn absorbed by Creusot-Loire (Saône-et-Loire) in 1971. The Creusot-Loire group was liquidated in December 1984.[5]

See also


References


  1. "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  2. "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  3. Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  4. Dassé 2006, p. 2.
  5. Dassé 2006, p. 3.
  6. Société de Commentry - Fourchambault – industrie.lu.

Sources