Foyle (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Foyle in Northern Ireland 1995 – 2008
|Districts of Northern Ireland||Derry City and Strabane District Council|
|Electorate||68,565 (March 2011)|
|Member of Parliament||Colum Eastwood (SDLP)|
|Number of members||One|
Mid Ulster (small parts of)
1983–1997: The District of Londonderry, and the District of Strabane wards of Artigarvan, Dunnamanagh, East, North, Slievekirk, South, and West.
1997–2010: The District of Derry.
2010–present: The District of Derry wards of Altnagelvin, Ballynashallog, Beechwood, Brandywell, Carn Hill, Caw, Clondermot, Creggan Central, Creggan South, Crevagh, Culmore, Ebrington, Eglinton, Enagh, Foyle Springs, Holly Mount, Kilfennan, Lisnagelvin, New Buildings, Pennyburn, Rosemount, Shantallow East, Shantallow West, Springtown, Strand, The Diamond, Victoria, and Westland.
The seat was created in boundary changes in 1983, as part of an expansion of Northern Ireland's constituencies from 12 to 17, and was predominantly made up from the old Londonderry constituency. From further revisions in 1995 (when it lost parts of the district of Strabane to the West Tyrone constituency), and until the 2008 revision, it covered exactly the same area as Derry City Council.
The name comes from the River Foyle which the city lies on and is used to avoid the contentious names of Derry or Londonderry, as well as to cover the areas of County Tyrone that were originally in the constituency.
Prior to the 2010 general election the transfer of Claudy and Banagher wards to East Londonderry were approved through the passing of the Northern Ireland Parliamentary Constituencies Order in 2008.
For the history of the equivalent constituency prior to 1983, see Londonderry.
There had been much speculation that with the gradual retirement of Hume from politics, the SDLP vote might collapse. In the 2003 Northern Ireland Assembly election, the SDLP lost 11.5% of the vote and were only narrowly ahead of Sinn Féin. Hume's retirement led to many questioning whether Mark Durkan, Hume's successor as leader, could hold on to the seat. However, in the 2005 general election he did so. The decline in the Unionist vote suggests that some Unionist voters tactically voted for Durkan.
Durkan was re-elected to a third term in 2015, increasing his share of the vote to 47.9% and winning a majority of 6,046 votes.
In the 2016 referendum to leave the European Union, the constituency voted remain by 78.3%. This was the sixth highest support for remain for a constituency, and the highest support for remain in Northern Ireland.
In the General Election 2017, the seat was won by Elisha McCallion, of Sinn Féin who won with a majority of only 169 votes. Following the election, concerns about electoral malpractice were raised with the Electoral Office by the SDLP and People Before Profit's Eamonn McCann.
In the General Election 2019, the seat was recaptured by SDLP leader Colum Eastwood. Sinn Féin's vote dropped by 46.5% of its 2017 vote to 20.7% of the total - the lowest percentage share that that party had won in any general election in the constituency since 1992.
Members of Parliament
The Member of Parliament since the 2019 UK General Election is Colum Eastwood of the SDLP. He succeeded Elisha McCallion of Sinn Féin to regain the seat which the SDLP had held from its 1983 creation until 2017. The constituency was previously represented by John Hume, former leader of the SDLP and recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize.
|2017||Elisha McCallion||Sinn Féin|
Elections in the 2010s
|Sinn Féin||Elisha McCallion||9,771||20.7||−19.0|
|People Before Profit||Shaun Harkin||1,332||2.8||−0.2|
|SDLP gain from Sinn Féin||Swing||+18.4|
|Sinn Féin||Elisha McCallion||18,256||39.7||+8.2|
|People Before Profit||Shaun Harkin||1,377||3.0||New|
|Sinn Féin gain from SDLP||Swing||+8.3|
|Sinn Féin||Gearóid Ó Heára||11,679||31.6||−0.3|
|NI Conservatives||Hamish Badenoch||132||0.4||New|
|Sinn Féin||Martina Anderson||12,098||31.9||−1.4|
|People Before Profit||Eamonn McCann||2,936||7.7||New|
Elections in the 2000s
|Sinn Féin||Mitchel McLaughlin||15,162||33.2||+6.6|
|Socialist Environmental||Eamonn McCann||1,649||3.6||New|
|Rainbow Dream Ticket||Ben Reel||31||0.1||New|
|Sinn Féin||Mitchel McLaughlin||12,988||26.6||+2.7|
Elections in the 1990s
|Sinn Féin||Mitchel McLaughlin||11,445||23.9||+6.3|
|Natural Law||Donn Brennan||154||0.3||−0.5|
|Sinn Féin||Martin McGuinness||9,149||17.6||−0.3|
|Workers' Party||Gordon McKenzie||514||1.0||−1.1|
|Natural Law||John Burns||422||0.8||New|
Elections in the 1980s
|Sinn Féin||Martin McGuinness||8,707||17.9||−2.4|
|Workers' Party||Eamonn Melaugh||1,022||2.1||+1.0|
|Sinn Féin||Martin McGuinness||10,607||20.3||N/A|
|Workers' Party||Eamonn Melaugh||582||1.1||N/A|
|SDLP win (new seat)|
- Foyle and City of Londonderry were neighbouring constituencies in the Northern Ireland Parliament from 1929 to 1973.
- Londonderry City was a borough constituency in the UK parliament from the Act of Union to 1922.
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- "Foyle Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 18 November 2019.
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- Foyle, UKPollingReport
- Harding named UUP candidate in forthcoming election, Londonderry Sentinel, 1 April 2010
- Vote People Before Profit Alliance in May's Westminster Election[permanent dead link], People Before Profit Alliance, 24 March 2010
- Alliance List of Candidates Archived 4 May 2010 at the Wayback Machine, Alliance Party of Northern Ireland, 6 May 2010
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- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
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- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.