Francesco Petrarca (Italian: [franˈtʃesko peˈtrarka]; 20 July 1304 – 18/19 July 1374), commonly anglicized as Petrarch (/ˈptrɑːrk, ˈpɛt-/), was a scholar and poet of early Renaissance Italy, and one of the earliest humanists.[1]

Francesco Petrarca
Portrait by Altichiero, c. 1370 - c. 1380
Portrait by Altichiero, c. 1370 - c. 1380
BornFrancesco Petracco
(1304-07-20)20 July 1304
Comune of Arezzo
Died19 July 1374(1374-07-19) (aged 69)
Arquà, Padua
Resting placeArquà Petrarca
Alma mater
PeriodEarly Renaissance
  • Beautiful lady
  • other
Literary movement
Notable works
Notable awardsPoet laureate of Rome, 1341
Partnerunknown woman or women
ChildrenGiovanni (1337–1361)
Francesca (born in 1343)
ParentsSer Petracco (father)
Eletta Canigiani (mother)
RelativesGherardo Petracco (brother)
Giovanni Boccaccio (friend)
Santa Maria della Pieve in Arezzo
La Casa del Petrarca (birthplace) at Vicolo dell'Orto, 28 in Arezzo

Petrarch's rediscovery of Cicero's letters is often credited with initiating the 14th-century Italian Renaissance and the founding of Renaissance humanism.[2] In the 16th century, Pietro Bembo created the model for the modern Italian language based on Petrarch's works, as well as those of Giovanni Boccaccio, and, to a lesser extent, Dante Alighieri.[3] Petrarch was later endorsed as a model for Italian style by the Accademia della Crusca.

Petrarch's sonnets were admired and imitated throughout Europe during the Renaissance and became a model for lyrical poetry. He is also known for being the first to develop the concept of the "Dark Ages".[4]

Share this article:

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Petrarch, and is written by contributors. Text is available under a CC BY-SA 4.0 International License; additional terms may apply. Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.