Francis II of France
Francis II (French: François II; 19 January 1544 – 5 December 1560) was King of France from 1559 to 1560. He was also King consort of Scotland as a result of his marriage to Mary, Queen of Scots, from 1558 until his death in 1560.
|King of France |
|Reign||10 July 1559 – 5 December 1560|
|Coronation||21 September 1559|
|King consort of Scotland|
|Tenure||24 April 1558 – 5 December 1560|
|Born||19 January 1544|
Château de Fontainebleau, France
|Died||5 December 1560 16) (aged|
Hôtel Groslot, Orléans, France
|Burial||23 December 1560|
Basilica of St Denis, France
|Father||Henry II of France|
|Mother||Catherine de' Medici|
Although the royal age of majority was 14, his mother, Catherine de' Medici, entrusted the reins of government to his wife Mary's uncles from the House of Guise, staunch supporters of the Catholic cause. They were unable to help Catholics in Scotland against the progressing Scottish Reformation, however, and the Auld Alliance was dissolved.
Francis was succeeded by two of his brothers in turn, both of whom were also unable to reduce tensions between Protestants and Catholics.