Frederick Marquis, 1st Earl of Woolton

Frederick James Marquis, 1st Earl of Woolton, CH, PC (23 August 1883 – 14 December 1964) was an English businessman and politician.

The Earl of Woolton

Lord President of the Council
In office
28 May  27 July 1945
MonarchGeorge VI
Prime MinisterWinston Churchill
Preceded byClement Attlee
Succeeded byHerbert Morrison
In office
28 October 1951  24 November 1952
MonarchGeorge VI
Elizabeth II
Prime MinisterWinston Churchill
Preceded byThe Viscount Addison
Succeeded byThe Marquess of Salisbury
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
In office
24 November 1952  20 December 1955
MonarchElizabeth II
Prime MinisterWinston Churchill
Anthony Eden
Preceded byThe Viscount Swinton
Succeeded byThe Earl of Selkirk
Personal details
Frederick James Marquis

(1883-08-23)23 August 1883
Ordsall, Salford, Lancashire, England
Died14 December 1964(1964-12-14) (aged 81)
Arundel, Sussex, England
Political partyConservative
Alma materVictoria University of Manchester
OccupationBusinessman, politician

In April 1940, he was appointed Minister of Food and established the rationing system. During this time he maintained food imports from America and organised a programme of free school meals. Due to a shortage of meat, fish and dairy products, his recommended dish was the vegetarian Woolton pie.

In 1943, Woolton was appointed Minister of Reconstruction, planning for post-war Britain, and became Conservative Party chairman from 1946 to 1955.