Free Aceh Movement

The Free Aceh Movement (Indonesian: Gerakan Aceh Merdeka, GAM; Acehnese: Geurakan Acèh Meurdèka / Gěrakan Aceh Měrdeka[1]) was a separatist group seeking independence for the Aceh region of Sumatra, Indonesia. GAM fought against Indonesian government forces in the Aceh insurgency from 1976 to 2005, during which over 15,000 lives are believed to have been lost.[2]

Free Aceh Movement
Flag and Coat of arms
Active4 December 1976 – 2005
CountryIndonesia
AllegianceAcehnese nationalism
RoleGuerrilla warfare, politics
Garrison/HQCity, mountains and forests of Aceh
Equipmentsmall arms
EngagementsInsurgency in Aceh
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Hasan di Tiro
Insignia
Identification
symbol
Crescent moon and star

The organisation surrendered its separatist intentions and dissolved its armed wing following 2005 peace agreement with the Indonesian government, and subsequently changed its name into Aceh Transition Committee (Indonesian: Komite Peralihan Aceh, KPA). The Indonesian government called the group the Aceh Security Disturbance Movement.